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Freud And Jack: Lord Of The Flies By William Golding: A Comparative Study Between Freud's Personality Levels And Golding's Character Jack

1098 words - 4 pages

Freud and JackThe novel Lord of the Flies by William Golding is about a group of boys who are stranded on an island. As the plot grows, the boys grow farther and farther away from their civilized upbringing. Their personalities change, but not in a clearly obvious way. Sigmund Freud, an esteemed psychologist, developed a breakdown of the human personality. It was and is made up of three levels: the id, the ego, and the superego. The characters in this book change on those levels. Once character in particular is Jack. He is introduced as a civilized, upstanding, British child; but concludes as a savage leader of the primitive society on the island. Not only do the Freudian personality levels of Jack change throughout the book, but also the decrease of intensity in the ego and superego result in an intensified id.Jack's "id," or the first trait of the Freudian personality, becomes this character's dominating characteristic by the end of the book. An id, by definition is "the division of the psyche associated with instinctual impulses and the satisfaction of primitive needs." The id obeys the pleasure principle, which purpose is to rid a person of tension, or at least lower that tension level ad keep it as constant as possible. Tension is discomfort of pain, for instance: hunger. If one experiences hunger, then the id does what I can to relieve such hunger. In cases where the tension is a dry eye, the body learns to blink, thus developing a reflex. But in the case of hunger it is different. The stomach, although irritated without food, cannot produce the food it wants. So the id tells the body to do what it can, whether it is throwing an emotional fit until fed, or getting up and making a sandwich. In Lord of the Flies, Jack's id is compelled by his desire for power. It's shown by when Jack starts his own tribe. Because he does not receive the power position known as "chief" in the initial voting, Jack's id become restless in want of such power. When introduced, Jack is a rule follower, an admirer of his government, but as the plot grows on, so does his id. Soon enough, Jack recedes into a primitive state, where the natural reflexes are greatly used. His id gets bigger because he is slowly losing the governing powers in his life. He is losing not only the rules and regulations, but also the governing parts of the rest of his personality. The id is controlled and managed by the ego and superego, and as the id grows more powerful, the others weaken.The ego survives by diverting its energy to the id. The ego helps the id obtain what it desires, but with common sense. As in the hunger example, the id knows that food soothe the discomforted stomach, but the ego makes sure that the hungry person will not put bottles or shoes in his mouth. With the very first hunger experiences, the id learns that food will mend its pain. It also learns that this cure, food, must go in the mouth. So conclusively, the id put together that putting things in one's mouth would...

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