Freud’s Dream Theory Essay

1430 words - 6 pages

Freud's dream theory had many detractors. The patients that Freud tested his hypothesis on are a major criticism. Since Freud tended to only work with rich, white Austrians, that demographic is the base of Freud's research. Rich, white Austrians are not a proper representation of the world's populations. Thus, it can be argued that the theory does not apply to everyone. Freud's other theories also detract from his dream theory. Some of Freud's theories are considered incredibly far fetched. In Freud's theory of development, he hypothesized that humans go through three stages: the oral stage, the anal stage, and the phallic stage. In the oral stage, everything revolves around the mouth. Babies inspect things by sticking them into their mouths. In the anal stage, whether, or not, a person tightens their rectum while going to the bathroom can determine what kind of person they will be. In the phallic stage, a person's main motivation is to have sex and appease their inner sexual desires.While I am a big fan of Freudian theory, I find this theory incredibly far fetched, and I can easily see why Freud's critics can attack his work. However, Freud's theories must be judged on an individual basis. Just because a few of his theories are outlandish does not mean that all of them are. Freud did extensive research on all facets of human behavior, and it is expected that not all of his theories will be correct. You cannot judge the dream theory by another theory.Many of Freud's detractors believe that Freud's dream theory is based solely on his own personal problems, and not his patients. This shows that he is unscientific Though this statement is true, there is a reason behind it. Freud's initial interest in psychotherapy came from his studying of patients suffering from high anxiety. However, after a while he discovered the need to explore many other facets of the human psyche. The motivation behind the need to discover the inner most secrets of human behavior came from his own personal life. The dream theory came from the need to analyze his dream about his father, and he used the data that he learned about himself and applied it to others.No brain wave measuring machine on earth can possibly show the internal conflicts that rage inside a person's unconscious. Thus, it is impossible to fully prove Freud's theory. However, there is evidence that does help to prove the hypothesis.When Freud first proposed his theory, he was considered a radical. Freud lived and worked in Vienna in the early 20th century. At this time, the scientific community was based solely on scientific fact. The idea of scientific research based on subjective and circumstantial evidence seemed ludicrous. Thus, when Freud presented his theory, he was jeered by his peers and colleagues.However, he presented evidence to support his proposition. To support the wish fulfillment theory, Freud pointed to examples of dreams from patients that were clearly wish-fulfilling in their content. One...

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