Freudian Theory In "Lord Of The Flies"

1488 words - 6 pages

"The Lord of the Flies" by William Golding is a social experiment with a twist. It is executed by isolating young boys on a deserted island. They arrive on the island because their airplane was shot down while they were trying to escape a bombing in England. The boys are young so they have not been completely molded by society; therefore they have room to deviate quickly. The isolation removes the blinders of civilization and the true identity of the boys and human nature is revealed. If the reader uses a Freudian approach to reading the novel one will find that Golding's characters and conflicts follow Freud's theories of the id, ego, and superego, thus making them more understandable. Studying the Freudian theory allows one to see Jack as the id, Ralph as the ego, Piggy and Simon as the superego, and why they clash.The famous psychologist Sigmund Freud developed a theory that uses people's personality traits to classify them into three different categories of id, ego, and superego. Although every person contains all three of the forces, one can dominates. "For Freud, we are simply actors in the drama of our minds, pushed by desire, pulled by conscience" (Understanding the Id, Ego, and Superego in Psychology). This theory allows one to realize that people tend to exhibit behaviors of their category. The id is the primal force of desires and needs. Impulse is controlled by the id. It can be compared to the devil on the shoulder of cartoon characters, and Mr. Hyde. Some people do not keep the id in check so it dominates their personality. Signs of the id are forceful speech, physical expression, and emotional outbursts. The ego is the mediator between the id, the superego, and the external world. Ego is the negotiator between desires and morals. Negotiations with the id help it get what it wants without causing too much damage. It also tries to harness the power of the id to achieve things by regulating it. People that have ego personalities want to please everyone; they tell people what they want to hear. The superego is the moral judge and conscience. "While the ego negotiates with the id, trying to prevent another tantrum, the superego judges the performance" (Understanding the Id, Ego, and Superego in Psychology). Usually the superego's morals and standards come from figures of authority or society. Most importantly the superego is not affected by impulse or others. Each of the characters in Lord of the Flies each embodies a certain force which is why they can not work with each other.Jack is a boy who gets angry quickly, acts on his desires, has emotional outbursts, and enjoys hunting and killing, he obviously embodies the id. These traits are a result of the id not being kept in check inside of ones self. Blushing is a sign of Jack's anger, which happens every time his pride is wounded; "Jack's face disappeared under a blush of mortification" (Golding 23). Jack becomes angry so often because he does not censor his emotions. He always does...

Find Another Essay On Freudian Theory in "Lord of the Flies"

A Freudian interpretation of William Golding’s Lord of the Flies might see Piggy, Ralph, and Jack as the competing demands of the super-ego, the ego and the id respectively. If so, what view of human...

937 words - 4 pages A Freudian interpretation of William Golding's Lord of the Flies might see Piggy, Ralph, and Jack as the competing demands of the super-ego, the ego and the id respectively. If so, what view of human nature does Golding present in his novel?William Golding's novel Lord of the Flies is a story of schoolboys being dropped onto an island from their home of England, without any adults or any sign of life beside themselves. A Freudian interpretation

A Freudian interpretation of William Golding’s Lord of the Flies might see Piggy, Ralph, and Jack as the competing demands of the super-ego, the ego and the id respectively. If so, what view of human...

935 words - 4 pages A Freudian interpretation of William Golding's Lord of the Flies might see Piggy, Ralph, and Jack as the competing demands of the super-ego, the ego and the id respectively. If so, what view of human nature does Golding present in his novel?William Golding's novel Lord of the Flies is a story of schoolboys being dropped onto an island from their home of England, without any adults or any sign of life beside themselves. A Freudian interpretation

Structure and Functioning of the Personality in Freudian Psychoanalytic Theory

2499 words - 10 pages Structure and Functioning of the Personality in Freudian Psychoanalytic Theory Sigmund Freud, as the creator of psychoanalytic theory, has begun his career as a neurologist, treating patients with hypnosis to cure hysteria. Because it had almost no affect on curing the patient, he discovered the method of free association, in which patients say whatever comes to their mind. By listening and noticing what patients were

Inherent Evil in Lord of the Flies

820 words - 3 pages inherent evil, Golding employs the symbolism of Simon, Ralph, the hunt and the island.Golding drives the point that the instinctual evil within man is inescapable. At one point in the book, when the Lord of the Flies is representing all evil, this theory is stated as, "The Lord of the Flies was expanding like a balloon" (Golding 130). Along with this idea is the religious symbolism that is used for ineffectively confronting the evil. At a point in

Inherent Evil in "Lord of the Flies".

739 words - 3 pages inherent evil, Golding employs the symbolism of Simon, Ralph, the hunt and the island.Golding drives the point that the instinctual evil within man is inescapable. At one point in the book, when the "Lord of the Flies" is representing all evil, this theory is stated as, "The Lord of the Flies was expanding like a balloon" (Golding 130). Along with this idea is the religious symbolism that is used for ineffectively confronting the evil. At a

Author motive in "Lord of the Flies."

558 words - 2 pages All of man will destroy itself. Proving this is William Golding's purpose in writing "The Lord of the Flies", a story about a group of boys stranded on a deserted island. When the boy's priorities clash, a war breaks out between protagonist Ralph and shortsighted antagonist Jack, who instead of being rescued would rather hunt. The fight for power between them soon turns to violence. Golding uses these boys as a scaled down model of what the

Symbolism in Lord of the Flies

1654 words - 7 pages Symbolism in Lord of The Flies William Golding's Lord of the Flies is a novel about a group of English school boys who are stranded on a tropical island after their plane has been attacked and crashes during World War II. In the beginning, the boys like being on their own without adults. The boys separate into two groups, led by Jack and Ralph. Jack is obsessed with hunting, and he and his group pay do not pay attention. Ralph is concerned

Themes in "Lord of the Flies"

684 words - 3 pages because childhood innocense is disrupted as the group hunted animals and even their own. Through the use of literary techniques these ideas are seen in the passage where Simon confronts the “Lord of the Flies.” The central concern of Lord of the Flies deals with the fall of civilization to the awakening of savagery. The conflict seen in this theme is explored through the dissolution of the young boys’ well mannered behavior as they accustomed

Biblical Allusions in Lord of the Flies

726 words - 3 pages Biblical Allusions in Lord of the Flies In the story, Lord of the Flies, there are many biblical allusions; Simon represents Jesus, the pig’s head represents Satan or rather their satanic sides, Jack represents Judas, and the island represents the Garden of Eden. Through out this novel these allusions play large parts in the story and ideals place in the story. Simon, one of the major characters in the story, is set as the allusion of

Cruelty In Groups - "Lord Of The Flies."

580 words - 2 pages In "Lord of the Flies", William Golding depicts a story of a group of boys who are stranded on an island. On this island, it is obvious that with the negative influence of Jack, the boys behave more cruelly in groups than they do individually. In this novel, William Golding shows the cruel state of the group that is led by Jack Meridew by integrating such factors as freedom, peer pressure and power.Freedom is a critical factor to groups being

Symbolism in Lord of the Flies

2584 words - 10 pages Symbolism in Lord of the FliesIn Lord of the Flies, William Golding wanted to show his readers the true meaning of a real world. He wanted to show that reality is not always perfect. Instead of comradeship, co-operation and teamwork, like described in the ideal world - William Golding has created a murderous, bloodthirsty and evil society that has accurately represented the world that society exists in today. In an ideal world, hard-work plays

Similar Essays

Lord Of The Flies Freudian Essay

722 words - 3 pages learned parental values, guilt, and morals. In the novel, Lord of the Flies by William Golding, the freudian perspective plays a major role in the story in that Jack represents the id, ralph, the ego, and Piggy, the superego.First, Jack represents the id because he displays vicious animal characteristics, and only fulfills basic human needs. After putting a mask of red and black clay on his face, Jack begins to dance around and all of a sudden, "his

Lord Of The Flies Freudian Critisizm

722 words - 3 pages learned parental values, guilt, and morals. In the novel, Lord of the Flies by William Golding, the freudian perspective plays a major role in the story in that Jack represents the id, ralph, the ego, and Piggy, the superego.First, Jack represents the id because he displays vicious animal characteristics, and only fulfills basic human needs. After putting a mask of red and black clay on his face, Jack begins to dance around and all of a sudden, "his

Freud And The Flies: A Connection Between The Freudian Theory Of Psychoanalysis And Characters In William Golding's Lord Of The Flies

835 words - 3 pages In the years preceding 1939, Sigmund Freud, who is considered the "father of psychoanalysis" (Morgan 2), prepared a summarized version of his theories of psychoanalysis in An Outline of Psychoanalysis. Freud's theory breaks the psyche (mental life) of an individual into three portions: the id, the ego, and the superego, each with its own distinct function (Freud 13). In William Golding's Lord of the Flies, the main characters have distinct

Sigmund Freud's Theory In Golding's Lord Of The Flies

767 words - 3 pages Woven into the work of Golding, could be found the theory of personality composed by Sigmund Freud. The structure of this theory, built by the id, the ego and the superego, all connect to the personalities of the main characters in Lord of the Flies. Approached Starting from birth, the id is one of the main components of this theory. Described in three separate parts, Freud’s theory states the component of the id being the part of