Many will argue that Freud’s ideas have exerted a profound influence on twentieth –century thought and culture, though his work has come under scrutiny, it has shape the fundamentals of society view on civilization and discontents, dreams, psychoanalysis and the unconscious. For this paper, I will be discussing Freud’s fundamentals of dreams, what dreams represents, how dreams are constructed and its significance while paying close attention to the following areas of dreams, manifest and latent content, condensation and displacement, and censorship and repression.
First, let examined the definition of dream according to Sigmund Freud “dream is the disguised fulfilment of a repressed wish. Dreams are constructed like a neurotic symptom: they are compromises between the demands of a repressed impulse and the resistance of a censoring force in the ego” (Freud, 28). This simple means that all dreams represent the fulfilment of a wish by the dreamer. Dreams are the mind way of keeping an individual asleep and to digest and work out all that we have going on inside our brains, the negative, positive, fear and unclear thoughts and actions. This set the framework for dream work. Freud also stresses that even anxiety dreams and nightmares are expressions of unconscious desire. Freud further went on to say that, “the general function of dreaming is to fending off, by a kind of soothing action, external or internal stimuli which would tend to arose the sleeper, and thus of securing sleep against interpretation” (Freud, 28). With this, it shows that a dreamer can take apart his dream and analysis it, if he or she remembers, once conscious.
Often time’s dreams are enhance by external or internal stimulus, or even repressed emotions are impulsiveness. An example of this, I once visited a farm in my earlier years where I saw a variety of farm animals, a broken well filled with water and various trees. A few years later, I dreamt that my mother and I were standing in a meadow, which was very green and fruitful and there were many ducklings and cows running around. Then suddenly the earth beneath my mother feet broke and she fell in. Freud would say if you analysis the dream, it was triggered by some external or internal stimuli. Perhaps something happened on the trip and emotions I felt at the time of the experience became dormant, I could have been furious with my mother or a later conversation with a friend about my experience triggered the dream. Day to day activities, thoughts, and ideas occupies the mind even in sleep and thus manifest into perceptions, which originate into dreams.
Second, with trying to interpret dreams, Sigmund Freud made up components of dreams. Freud made a distinction between the manifest dream content and the latent, which is the unconscious. The manifest content is what the individual remembers hearing or seeing when he or she arises from slumbers while the latent is the deeper and true meaning of the dream. Thus, in order...