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From Hunter Gathers To Agarian Society

1368 words - 6 pages

Subsequently taking Western Civilization for the second time this semester’s I must say it was really interesting, and to be honest I never really enjoyed learning about western civilization at all, due to failing it in a previous semester. After this semester I found interesting and I was able to learn a lot so far specifically about the hunter gathers to the agrarian society. It really changed my view and I wanted to learn more. While attending more and more classes what I came to realize is that the way college history is taught it was very different from when learning about history throughout my years of high school. From my perspective when taking western Civilization one you learn ...view middle of the document...

The men hunted and fished meanwhile women stood back at the shelter, cared for the house, as well as for the children kind of like the first housewife ever invented. Children worked as well, but mainly with the mother. If one child was a son he would work with the mother until certain of maturity and then would learn the skill of hunting. Vice versa for if a child was a daughter. Hunting was a dangerous practice for these tribes, and it was consist way of living and eventually the nomadic people would need to discover another way of survival.
Another method of survival would eventually transform hunter and gathers to an agrarian’s society. Instead of hunting Stone Age people would become the first farmers, and they would start to create farming communities throughout the lands they were settling in. Rather than living a nomadic way of life tribes started to become more productive famers mostly farming barley, and wheat and these were two major resources’ used, but other crops were also being grown as well. Through the agrarian society population started to increase, and since there were already farming communities there were houses near being built by mud bricks that tribes were living in. In my view this started the first housing communities throughout western civilization, and one of the first early settlements ever built was Catalo Huyuk located in turkey. It was said to be built around 6,000 to 5,000 BCE.
The storage of food was a major turning point because it created a surplus of food and this was a major breakthrough because more food could be produce which was really important because now there was a big food supply for farmers. Since hunting wasn’t so productive anymore, and settlers didn’t have to travel in order to survive looking for food. Shelter’s were being created next to these settlers farming communities so in my view it was like what reason did they have to leave unless there was a dramatic climate change or natural disaster. If these settlers did have to move to another location they would have started the process all over again from creating a farming community’s to creating shelter communities.
The Fertile Crescent was a big help to the farming community’s essentially blessed due to the land it was rich soil, and warm climate which was a great advantage for these early settlers to farm. Planting crops gave agrarian societies a much more stable, reliable living conditions and plentiful food supply than hunting and gathering did. The increased food supply that came from settled agrarian living meant that not every adult in the community had to be employed full time at finding or producing food. Some people could become specialists in other occupations and this would have a positive outcome of these people.
The Agrarians society eventually discovered irrigation. From this point they had Settlement’s, Farming, and now irrigation brought a major success being that tribes didn’t have to wait for it to...

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