From Indentured Servitude To Slavery Essay

1690 words - 7 pages

Starting from scratch was no easy task for the adventure-seeking puritans that escaped to the new world looking for religious freedom and economic pursuits. Much manual labor needed to be preformed to sustain or even produce a surplus of various crops. The passage over to the new world was expensive and lot all people in England could afford the passage. People sought out individuals that were willing to go and help sustain and enhance colonial life but didn't have the funds for the passage. Indentured servants and eventually slaves became the primary source of labor in the colonial era. At first, all were indentured servants. During their time as servants, they were fed and housed. Afterwards, they would be given what were known as freedom dues, which usually included a piece of land and supplies, including a gun. Black-skinned or white-skinned, they became free. There are many differences and similarities between indentured servitude and slavery; consequently, ethnicity played an important roll in the execution of these systems that shaped colonial economic and social development.Indentured servitude, which amounted to virtual slavery for the length of contract, was a primary source of labor in the colonies. Most emigrated from various parts of Europe and were looking to start a new life. This form of labor was contractual. Individuals who indentured themselves contracted with their employer or a ship's captain for the payment of passage and the provision of food, clothing and shelter. In return, the individuals provided themselves as a labor source, (Smith 112). Many were young adventure seeking males. Generally in their late teens and early twenties, they looked upon the new world for chances for success. Thousands of women also entered into these agreements and often worked off their debts as domestic servants. The endurance of the indenture was usually 4 to 7 years, but many times varied given unknown variables.Sickness, disability or pregnancy usually extended the servitude contract due to lost service time. Women worked the same hours as the men; consequently; unlike white servants, pregnant slaves, blacks, were expected to continue labor until their child was born, (Smith 121). Most servants willingly took it upon them selves, except for a few convicts, to enter into the labor contract. On the other hand, almost all slaves were forced into servitude.There were success stories of people who had started as indentured servants and later became prominent citizens, but the number was probably very small. The dark side to the labor systems consisted of those who completed their service, but could not afford to buy land. Soon these people were unable to find employment that resulted in hundreds of roving men in many frontier areas. This helped fuel movements of social unrest, including Bacon's Rebellion. During times of social query, plantation owners turned more to slavery.Slaves began arriving in North America in the late seventeenth century....

Find Another Essay On From Indentured Servitude to Slavery

Finding Identity in the Pathway from Slavery to Literacy

1289 words - 5 pages You have seen how a man was made a slave; you shall see how a slave was made a man.” -Frederick Douglass, Narrative of the Life (1845) The most shameful practices of American history is the act of slavery from the whites to the African Americans. Many African Americans were born into slavery and forced to feel inferior towards their white masters. Actual human beings were treated like animals. The inhumane condition of slavery challenged African

The Great Tribulation: The Path from Slavery to Freedom

1479 words - 6 pages questioned whether the Union would be able to win or even survive the violent bloodshed. On August 26, 1863 at the turning point of the war after the battle of Gettysburg the strong conviction that was displayed by Blacks convinced Lincoln to shed a light of hope in the support African Americans. The dream of obtaining citizenship, the right to vote, freedom from slavery, and equal rights could not have been possible if Lincoln had not decided to

The Abolitionist Movement of Slavery from the Early 19th Century to the American Civil War

1557 words - 7 pages are willing to take action and end the practice of slavery are known as abolitionists. These “anti-slaveryites” took huge risks and went through drastic punishments all to end the very nuisance that flawed America, slavery. Slavery is the practice or system of owning slaves, and slaves are people who are held in servitude and as property. In the early 19th century, the United States established a series of statutes and penal codes which were

The Underground Railroad and Iowa: On the Road from Slavery to Freedom

2347 words - 9 pages The Underground Railroad and Iowa: On the Road from Slavery to Freedom “I looked at my hands to see if I was the same person… There was such a glory over everything. The sun came up like gold through the trees, and I felt like I was in Heaven.” Harriet Tubman uttered these words when she arrived in Pennsylvania, a free woman at last (National Geographic). Years later, when talking about the reasons she ran away, Ms. Tubman would state

Metaphors from Slavery to Post Emancipation: An Exploration of “the Loophole of Retreat” and “the Veil”

2013 words - 9 pages loophole of retreat” is what Harriet Jacob’s described as the den that she stayed in while she was hiding from Dr. Flint while she was in slavery. While “the Veil” which is purely figurative is easily seen as a metaphor, the “loophole of retreat” may seem harder to see as a metaphor. It is harder to see as a metaphor because the “loophole of retreat” is also a physical space. However, the attic space has taken on hidden meaning and become somewhat

Huck's Enlightenment: Huck's transformation from having racist beliefs to an honest and moral character who knows the evil behind slavery

819 words - 3 pages what society has taught him. Huck’s unlearning is significant to him because he now sees slavery from a different perspective and the evil that lies behind it. Huck’s experiences with Jim and his recognition as a human can teach us to make our decisions without influence from society.

FUCKIN BITCHES-GETTIN MONEY

886 words - 4 pages their lack of education. Ramana’s perspective encourages readers to see indentured servitude and the relationship between servant and master in a negative light. The size and scale that landowners utilized indentured servants translates into many consequences of this global shift. Landowners were drawn to using indentured servants because a sharp increase in demand for their crops meant that they needed more labor. In places where slavery

Economic View of Slavery

588 words - 2 pages Slavery was caused by economic factors of the english settlersin the late 17th century. Colonists continually tried to allurelaborers to the colony. The headright system was to give theindentured servant, a method of becoming independent after a number ofyears of service. Slavery was caused by economic reasons. Colonistschiefly relied on Indentured Servitude, inorder to facilitate theirneed for labor. The decreasing population combined with a

This essay answers the question: What contributed to the spread of slavery in the southern American colonies between 1607 and 1775?

528 words - 2 pages In the earlier years of American colonialism, slavery was not very common because of the dependence on indentured servants. However, as indentured servitude became a less reliable source of labor, southern plantation owners turned to slave labor. Economic, geographic, and social factors all contributed to the growth and spread of slavery in the southern colonies between 1607 and 1775.The growth of the economy in the Americas made slaves an

Abina Paper

913 words - 4 pages Ancient Cultures Ancient Egyptian Slavery In ancient Egypt a slave was defined as person kept in servitude as property of a person or household. In Egyptian society you would keep your civil rights even though you were a slave. In Egypt it was the master’s duties to take care of the slaves and treat them right. Because it was part of the master’s duties at times slaves would have a higher status and better living than free people. In ancient

Rise And Fall Of The Indentured Servant System

969 words - 4 pages Before the rise of slavery in colonial America, most labor was preformed by Indentured servants. Becoming a servant was an easy way for people to get to the New World, and provided much needed labor. With the weak law system established in the colonies, masters could easily exploit the servants in order to keep them in place. At first there were many people, either willingly, or forced, to give up there freedom in order to

Similar Essays

Slavery Over Indentured Servitude Essay

841 words - 4 pages In southern colonies of North America indentured servitude was declining due to slavery coming to the colonies and the slaves possessing many traits that would accelerate the plantation production rate for cheaper. Indentured servants could work of their debts to the plantation owners, but slaves had to stay with their plantation owners and so did the slaves offspring. The slaves also proved to be better workers in the hot climate of the

How Slavery Replaced Indentured Servitude Essay

1602 words - 6 pages temporary solution and getting new indentured servants slavery became more popular, as it was a permanent solution. Indentured servants were under contract, meaning that their time in servitude was relatively short. It was a no brainer as to why African Americans were better suited for manual labor; slaves do not come out of slavery. Indentured servitude was not a lifestyle, as was slavery and there was no way to gain freedom from slavery during this

From Slavery To Presidential Power Essay

1286 words - 5 pages English as much-needed workers to cultivate tobacco, the new cash crop of Virginia”(Unknown 2011). Tobacco, being “extremely labor-intensive,”(Unknown 2011) it required many workers. Thus causing slavery to grow rapidly; by the end of slavery in 1865, the slave population was approximately “three million Americans”(Scott 2011). Slaves were seen as inferior to others, being separated from their families, working long hard hours from sunrise to

Slavery In America: From Necessary To Evil

1158 words - 5 pages As African slaves began arriving in the Chesapeake region in the early seventeenth century, they were treated, in many respects, akin to white indentured servants shipped in from England. For instance, a black could, under the right conditions sue for his or her freedom, or if the slave converted to Christianity he or she could obtain their freedom. Towards the latter half of the seventeenth century however, planters began to systematically