From Margin To Center. Multicultural Issues In 20th Century In American Literature: Feminist Views

1877 words - 8 pages

Multiculturalism spread as a political and philosophical ideology back in the beginning of the 20th century as a means of "voicing" the need to deal with the ethnic and cultural diversity of nations. It started as an official policy and afterwards became a major interest for writers, especially those belonging to specific ethnic groups. The idea of multiculturalism interfered with other social and political issues, such as the feminist orientation, contributing to the development of distinct cultural identities. Women writers from the beginning of the century often advocated the female force by creating characters that do not fit the paradigm of a patriarchal society. Furthermore, they consciously or unconsciously, become symbols of their ethnic background, anticipating the later holistic approaches, that combined the struggle for civil right with those for gender equality.The purpose of this essay is that of underlying a few aspects in the analyzed short stories that focus on women roles, feminist attitudes and perspectives in a world of changing attitudes. The movement "from margin to center" takes place slower for women, as compared to the ethnic groups as a whole, but as they gain consciousness of their own status and begin to struggle for recognition and rights, this movement becomes essential in redefining the values of the modern world.Two attitudes towards the feminist issue are to be traced within the analyzed short stories. The first one belongs to the women writers (Catherine Anne Porter, Flannery O'Connor, Eudora Welty, Alice Walker), who place the female character in a central position emphasizing therefore the roles that the women are able to assume. The second attitude belongs obviously to the male writers (W. Faulkner, Richard Wright, J, Steinbeck, B, Malamud), who often avoid focusing their interest on the female experience, not necessarily from a misogynistic perspective, but rather because of their emphasis on the ethnic and ideological issues.Old Mortality, presents the reader a multiple perspective on the women image. First, there is the image of the past concept, the Grandmother's world, in which the women such as Great-aunt Eliza and Great-aunt Keziah followed the pattern. The beauty and almost iconic figure of Aunt Amy, is the first step in overcoming this pattern of a submissive image of the woman. "The ghost in the frame" haunting the young character Miranda throughout her process of becoming a woman is the starting point for a revolutionary attitude that shall flourish within the main character as a result of her constant analysis of facts and memory. Then, there is the second step, Cousin Eva, a "shy and chinless" woman teaching Latin in a Female Seminary. Her speech in the end of the story emphasizes the fundamental idea of the feminist orientation, that a woman should be free of "misconceptions" and see the past and the present from her own perspective. In between the two ideas, the character of Miranda is a complex...

Find Another Essay On From Margin to Center. Multicultural Issues in 20th Century in American Literature: Feminist views

"Are Marx's views on social class applicable to late 20th century capitalist society?"

1488 words - 6 pages the civilised ones, nations of peasants on nations of bourgeois, the East on the West"(Marx 1975:38).Despite claims of Australia's 'egalitarian' system, this is a farce. In fact class divisions only increase as the 20th century moves into the 21st. With policies such as the controversial Nelson Review and plans to axe Medicare, it is evident that the gap between social classes in only increasing. 'The rich get richer, the poor get poorer', as the

The Legacy of Perceptions of Interracial Relationships as Demonstrated in Late 19th and Early 20th Century Black Literature and Events

2057 words - 8 pages The Legacy of Perceptions of Interracial Relationships as Demonstrated in Late 19th and Early 20th Century Black Literature and Events The history of interracial relationships in America is a painfully loaded issue which is still evolving in the consciousness of the 20th century. Because the first instances of sexual integration occurred under the institution of slavery, our understanding of them is necessarily beset with dominance, violence

An Example of American Literature. Short essay on 20th century American Literature using Raymond Chandler's "The Big Sleep" as an example

579 words - 2 pages 20th century literature, particularly literature which the setting is based on the days of World War I, the gangster era, and prohibition are prime examples of the classic authors of America. These books show corruption and hate, and portray crime that is considered horrific in our generation, as everyday happenings of the time periods based on the settings in these books. A quintessential example of these types of books is Raymond Chandler's

The Influence of Realism and Naturalism on 20th Century Literature.

1950 words - 8 pages took thealienation from society route. This time, in the spirit of realistHenry James, he separates himself from American society to betterjudge it. With his novel The Rolling Hills of Africa, Hemingwaycompares American culture to that of another. At times, Hemingway"...began to seem like a little more than a modern realist..."(Spiller Lit His 1300).William Faulkner, producer of some of the most important booksof the twentieth-century, also draws

G.C.S.E literature coursework 20th century drama 'Kes' the play by Barry Hines and Allan Stronach.

1059 words - 4 pages G.C.S.E literature coursework 20th century drama 'Kes' the play by Barry Hines and Allan StronachTo JohnCongratulations, you have been selected to play the role of Jud in the college production of 'Kes'.The play (Kes) is about a fifth teen year old boy called Billy Casper, its about his struggle and troublesome life and his love for a Kestrel. The main characters are Billy, who is a small, skinny fifth teen year old boy. Jud who is Billy's older

Significant Changes in World History from late 19th Century to the end of the 20th Century

1618 words - 6 pages represent this transformation,and why?In the period from the late 19th to the end of the 20th century, the world underwent many dramatic changes that impacted every aspect of society. Technological innovations have produced a highly interconnected world. Communication was greatly improved first by the advent of the telephone and recently, the internet. Travel was made exponentially quicker evolving from trains to automobiles and airplanes. These

How have women's roles changed from the 19th century to the 20th century in Spain?

817 words - 3 pages important impact during the nineteenth and twentiethcentury. Because of this women's roles have changed quite a bit from the early 1800s tothe late 1900s.Spain experienced an economic and political transformation during the SpanishRevolution of the early nineteenth century, 1808 and 1843. Men in Spain were givingbirth to a new gender idea that took down women's participation in the social andpolitical transformations that were taking place. While the

Organizational Analysis (personal views from taking class Sociology 101 Contemporary Issues in American Business)

745 words - 3 pages Organizational AnalysisMy perceptions have changed immensely due to the learned principles in Sociology 101 Contemporary Issues in American Business. I see that a corporation has not only a responsibility to its stakeholders to make profits but a social responsibility to the community as well. The different principles we discussed in this course I am familiar with just did not know the correct terms for them. Critical thinking is also utilizing

Teaching Origins in 20th Century American Public Schools

6468 words - 26 pages rest of nature by breathing a soul into the first man. Jewish communities were generally politically marginal in the culture wars of the 20th century, and Jews tend to support the teaching of evolution at school and religion at home. Within American Protestantism, the “mainline” denominations that have largely accepted evolutionary theory and distanced themselves from fundamentalism and creationism include the Presbyterian Church USA, the

Feminist Ideals in Latin American literature and history

1716 words - 7 pages of the Virgin Mary. This combined with machismo; an ideology that supposes men rigidly defines males' roles in the culture, served to be a great obstacle to the women's movement in Latin America. These ideas are commonly explored in twentieth century Latin American literature. Tradition enslaves Tita, the passionate main character of Laura Esquivel's (1951-) Like Water for Chocolate (1989). The idea is further explored in Rosario Ferre's (1942

Pornography in the 20th Century

2262 words - 9 pages of pornography. This will be examined through the 1986 Meese Commission in the United States of America into the pornographic industry. Finally, this exposition will also examine the differing views of Gay and Straight pornography and the changes that have taken over the 20th century. Overall, the 20th century was a fundamental shift in sexual attitudes towards pornography. In order to examine the sexual history of the 20th century, it is

Similar Essays

20th Century Latin American Literature Essay

3284 words - 13 pages 20th Century Latin American Literature Global literatures in English have always played a key role in developing international understanding and appreciation for the social realities and cultural developments beyond Western lifestyles and familiarity. For anthropologists seeking to perceive the social realities of 20th century Latin America, the work of popular authors and novelists of this century is invaluable. Popular authors are the

The Importance Of African American Life And Literature In The 20th Century

1637 words - 7 pages famous and well known for their stories about American life in America during the 20th century. Understanding issues regarding race and exclusion are relevant to understanding American life and literature in the 20th century.Hughes' poems capture life as an African American man in the 20th century. His poems tell stories that give the raw details of being an African American man. His most raw poem, "Ballad of the Landlord" shows just how

Demographic Issues Of Asian Societies In The 20th Century

2355 words - 9 pages During the 20th century, countries in Asia have been increasingly concerned with issues related to demography as these issues directly affect the country's socio-economic stability. This essay will elaborate on two issues, overpopulation and the aging crisis using China and Japan as case studies. It will then examine some of the policies implemented by the government in attempt to resolve these problems.The population growth rate peaked during

Religious Conflict In 20th Century Non Western Literature

2107 words - 8 pages disturbances to one’s faith and loyalty to their beliefs. On the other hand, external conflict is the concept of which chaos and upheavals occur in society from clash of beliefs. Both conflicts between religions and internal religious conflict are found to be central to the plot of many examples of 20th Century Non-Western literature. African and Middle-Eastern literature, in particular, addresses many aspects of religious conflict, both in the form of