To What Extent Does Guy De Maupassant Show Sympathy For Madame Loisel In The Short Story ‘The Necklace’?

1737 words - 7 pages

To what extent does Guy de Maupassant show sympathy for Madame Loisel inThe short story 'The Necklace'?Guy de Maupassant was an 18th century French writer. In the poem "The Necklace" he has demonstrated several techniques to create an image for each character in the short story. He uses dramatic irony throughout the story to create and highlight flaws, not showing any sympathy for Madame Loisel. The author uses the life of Madame Loisel to demonstrate and show the techniques (dramatic irony) of the event that she has put herself in. As the poem progresses, he starts to show the hardships that she has experienced during the life of poverty was. The characterization of Madame Loisel as a tragic idol is presented by the language use of Maupassant. Therefore, the depiction of Madame Loisel is not something that Maupassant is trying to make readers to agree with; but instead, he attempts to show that the life she is in created by herself.Maupassant describes Madame Loisel as "… One of those pretty, delightful girl who, apparently by some error of Fate get themselves born the daughters of very minor civil servants." In this quote it gives an impression that Madame Loisel is someone that should be sympathized. Maupassant mentions that she was born to live in poverty "by some error of fate", which means that she was not meant to be born poor and that she did not have a choice to choose. At this point, readers will show sympathy for Madame Loisel. Sympathy continues as the author describes her appearance ""She dressed simply, being unable to afford anything better…" The author says that she is dressed poorly, unable to purchase better clothing as her family could not afford it. The adjective "afford" is used along with the rest of the phrase indicating sympathy for her. Sympathy continues to progress made readers feel sorry for her as she was a victim of fate. The adverb of manner simply conveys sympathy which adds on another impression to Madame Loisel.As the short story continues, readers learn more about Madame Loisel's personality and character. Her character is shown as a greedy and negative character. Maupassant shows this when he says "She was unhappy all the time…intended for a life of refinement and luxury." This quote shows that Madame Loisel is a girl who is currently living as a middle class person, but desires more than what she has. She feels this way due to the looks of her. At this point of the story readers will feel less sympathetic towards her. The idea of feeling less sympathetic towards Madame Loisel progresses, it is shown "The spectacle of the young Breton peasant girl who did the household chores stirred sad regrets and impossible fantasies." The noun "spectacle" shows that Madame Loisel feels that work ( household chores) are beneath her, meaning that she feels that it is unnecessary for her to do it as she believes that she is someone who's status is high. This shows irony as the author did mention she was a...

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