To What Extent Did Kennedy And Johnson Improve Civil Rights Of African Americans?

1333 words - 5 pages

IntroThis essay will show how these two presidents tackled the problem of Civil rights of African Americans and it will demonstrate the extent of improvements and what remained the same. When one compares the extent of improvements which these two presidents make, the immediate reaction would be one praise towards President Kennedy because of his ultimate death while one would demonise President Johnson cause of Vietnam. This essay will show how little Kennedy actually accomplished as president but how much Johnson and the civil rights movement achieved thanksTo be able to compare and objectively see the extent to which these two presidents improved civil rights for African Americans, we must first ascertain what their goals were and if they accomplished them or not; establish the extent of what they did with president each of the surrounding circumstances.In the early 1960S, the drive for voting rights became a central part of the major southern-based civil rights organizations' strategy -- the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), headed by Martin Luther King Jr., and the Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), led by Bob Moses, John Lewis and James Forman.Argument for KennedyWhat did Kennedy do to advance the cause of civil rights?1) He put pressure on federal government organisations to employ more African Americans. Any who were employed were usually in the lowest paid posts and in jobs that had little prospect of professional progress. The FBI only employed 48 African Americans out of a total of 13,649 and these 48 were nearly all chauffeurs. Kennedy did more than any president before him to have more African Americans appointed to federal government posts. In total, he appointed 40 to senior federal positions including five as federal judges2) Kennedy appointed his brother (Robert) as Attorney General which put him at the head of the Justice Department. Their tactic was to use the law courts as a way of enforcing already passed civil rights legislation. The Justice Department brought 57 law suits against local officials for obstructing African Americans who wished to register their right to vote. Local officials from Louisiana were threatened with prison for contempt when they refused to hand over money to newly desegregated schools. Such a threat prompted others in Atlanta, Memphis and New Orleans to hand over finance without too many problems - few if any were willing to experience the American penal system which had a policy of punishment then as opposed to reforming prisoners.3) Kennedy was very good at what would appear to be small gestures. In American football, the Washington Redskins were the last of the big teams to refuse to sign African Americans. Their stadium was federally funded and Kennedy ordered that they were no longer allowed to use the stadium and would have to find a new one. The team very quickly signed up African American players.4) Kennedy created the CEEO (Commission on Equal Employment...

Find Another Essay On To what extent did Kennedy and Johnson improve Civil Rights of African Americans?

To what extent did the Federal Government contribute to the Civil Rights Movement.

1358 words - 5 pages did help significantly posthumously, as his assignation led to the passing of the civil rights act of 1964, this act helped outlaw segregation all over America.I feel Kennedy was the second main driving force because he focused on making African Americans part of everyday government life which would significantly improve the USA's out look not only at home but abroad too. The employment of the 5 federal judges really helped solve lynching problems

To what extent did southern commitment to states' rights weaken the Confederates in the Civil War?

2718 words - 11 pages To what extent did southern commitment to states' rights weaken the Confederates in the Civil War?The reasons for the secession of southern states that led to the American Civil War were based largely on their belief and ideas of state rights (or "states rights," a variant that came into use after the war). This exalted the powers of the individual states as opposed to those of the Federal government and generally rested on the theory of state

African Americans and Segregation: The Civil Rights Movement

1691 words - 7 pages their crusade to end discrimination and segregation. The Civil Rights Movement was then born; African Americans retaliated against the white community in a non-violent way. They performed sit-ins, boycotts, held protests, and started speaking up for themselves, after years of silence. But the non-blacks did not approve of the things that were happening. They did not agree with them taking charge for their lives. They began doing everything in

Was Martin Luther King vital to the gaining of civil rights for African Americans?

1993 words - 8 pages MYP Year 11 Assessment 4 - Civil Rights in the USASection 1According to Sources One, Two and Three what impact did the Jim Crow laws have upon the legal and social lives of African Americans living in the Southern States?The Jim Crow Laws enacted in the USA's Southern States between 1877-1965 legalized segregation amongst African Americans and Whites in public areas under a "separate but equal" doctrine. African Americans living in these states

Did the rights of African Americans decline between 1865 and 1900?

1091 words - 4 pages The rights of African Americans between 1865 and 1900 is a subject of great discussion. It is hard to tell whether the rights of this minority group actually declined, or whether it simply stayed the same. On paper these rights improved through ways such as the 13th , 14th and 15th amendment, as well as the Reconstruction Act of 1867-8, but in the actual quality and treatment of coloured people it seems to decline. Although in theory African

Assess the degree to which African Americans were denied Civil and Human Rights in the southern states of the USA in the decades leading up to the 1950s.

1000 words - 4 pages eat spiritual dirt? Did I act as equals among equals? I do not know."Miscegenation was made illegal in Texas in 1925 and in Mississippi in 1920. This penal code disallowed black-white marriages in the two states. This was also factor in which African Americans were denied civil rights. It was seen disgraceful for a white woman to marry a black man by society. African Americans were seen as the second-class citizens. However in the state of

To What extent did the spread of Christianity violate Human Rights and Freedom in Africa? By Walubo Jude Tadeo

1919 words - 8 pages worked hard to eliminate them. There was a secret agreement on the practice of mission in Africa. Christian missionaries did not try so much to convert Muslims, and Muslims didn't work hard to convert Christians - as they already belong to a faith. Followers of traditional African religions, on the other hand, constituted the contested missionary fields, as they still were regarded not "belong to a faith". They were seen as "heathens" - a term

The Civil War and the Progress of African Americans

1561 words - 6 pages . Soon after the Civil War, there was Reconstruction, a period of recovery from the war. Many organizations were formed to hinder the freedom of blacks, such as the Klu Klux Klan, and other hate groups, but that would not stop the struggle of Africans Americans to achieve what they had wanted for so long.After the Civil War, it was hard for African Americans to get the rights they deserved, but with strong leaders and organizations they overcame

Similarities of the Denied Rights of Women and African Americans

849 words - 4 pages African Americans and women, in the antebellum period of the United States, shared many similarities. All of the similarities are based on how they had little or no rights in their homes, their communities, and their country. Both groups were not given the right to vote and they were considered property, giving them a more demeaning position in society. Abolitionists and feminists both made movements to try to improve their positions in society

To what extent did the Spanish Civil war represent a microcosm of the polarization of European politics between the right and the left?

1987 words - 8 pages briefly at the international spillovers of the war. The intention is to answer the question of the extent to which the Spanish Civil War represented a microcosm of European politics between the right and the left and the catastrophic outcomes of this polarization.If we are to pay heed to contemporary reports of the war, especially those issued by the belligerents or those associated with them, we would come away with the conclusion that the

To what extent did America "roar" for all Americans in the 1920's?

5729 words - 23 pages reintroduction of the Ku Klux Klan (KKK), the 1920's were not a 'roaring' time for anybody on their target list, for example black people. For anybody who agreed to what the KKK was about then they had no worries, they had a group to belong to and they were able to reign supreme over those who were on their target list. The 1920's were not a 'roaring' time for all black Americans. Some who were involved in the music scene did give some blacks

Similar Essays

"To What Extent Had African Americans Acheived Equal Civil Rights By 1940?" A Reviw Of The Civil Rights And Treatment Of Blacks In Pre Civil War America.

973 words - 4 pages To What Extent Had African Americans Achieved Equal Civil Rights by 1940?The civil rights of black Americans have improved greatly since the first pioneersof the civil rights movement began their quest for equality. Though most people associateblack civil rights with the radical movements of the 1950's and 60's, the African Americanfight for equal human rights had actually begun almost two hundred years earlier.In 1776, the white American

In What Ways Did Black Americans Secure Improve Civil Rights During The Years 1945 63?

2654 words - 11 pages of publicity as some were arrested but they were successful in their cause as at the end of September 1961, the Interstate Commerce Commission announced that there would no longer be any segregation in bus stations and terminals.Soon President Kennedy showed his devotion to the cause of civil rights when he filled several key government posts with black Americans, for example Carl Rowan became Ambassador to Finland, Robert Weaver became Home

In What Ways Did The Position Of African Americans Improve In The Period 1870 1919?

2078 words - 8 pages be illegal and stated that it was not specifically referring to racial problems. In 1882 the Supreme Court also said that in cases of murder and assault it was solely the responsibility of the state to find the culprit and bring them to justice. In the south this led to many blacks being imprisoned for crimes they did not commit.There were many outstanding men who contributed to the lives of black Americans in an attempt to improve their lives

Did Racial Segregation Improve The Status Of African Americans?

1001 words - 4 pages Did Racial Segregation Improve the Status of African Americans?      “Whites were there because they chose to be; blacks were there because they had no choice.” (p. 158) This quote, from the essay written by Howard N. Rabinowitz, encompasses many, if not all of the ideas that go along with racial segregation. It is a well-known fact that racial segregation did create a separate and subordinate status for blacks