To What Extent Does Gender And / Or Sexuality Have An Effect On The Production/Consumption Of Jazz, Popular And Commercial Music?

1470 words - 6 pages

Gender roles and imagery have profoundly influenced the way music is made and consumed. Throughout the decades, since the 1920's, society's preconceptions of gender and roles have determined the kinds of sounds and, later images, which can be associated with jazz, popular and commercial music. Although these have changed at various times - e.g. from the role of the housewife and mother in the 1950's to the career driven businesswoman of the 1990's, etc - gender roles in society have always been closely linked to those represented in music and the media.This is evident in the difference in music advertising between 1950 and today. The changing views of the role of women in music have meant changes in how music is advertised. Where back in 1950, society viewed women's role in popular music as limited to mainly singing, now women are offered more options and although there are still instruments that maintain their 'male' significance, most offer a more general form of advertising and review. One of the main instruments that do still use a 'male' significance in it's advertising is the electric guitar. In many adverts, guitars are advertised with women all over them or with a man in such positions that signify masculinity and 'phallic' connotations.'Women in music are still prisoners of their sexual roles: for example, an ageing female rock star is almost an impossibility. Tina Turner is the shining exception, but she is black: Someone already on the margins through being black, gay or diverging from the norm in some other way, can bend the limits.'Koskoff, E. (http://www.eng.umu.se/culturec/MUG.htm)Essentially, the music industry is a man's world. Many women have been successful but this can be mainly contributed to how they are 'sold' and, undeniably, their image. The most successful women in jazz, pop and commercial music can attribute their success to sexual objectification. John Storey describes how Laura Mulvey's essay 'Visual pleasure and narrative cinema' explains this as scopophelia - the pleasure of looking."But in a world structured by 'sexual imbalance', the pleasure of the gaze too has been separated into two distinct positions: men look and women exhibit 'to-be-looked-at-ness' - both playing to and signifying male desire."Storey, J. (1993:141)An exemption to this is Wynonna Judd, a country singer and part of a mother-daughter duo. On stage, the two form a strange sight, proceeding to blur and confuse the normative roles and appearance of gender. With Wynonna's strikingly male resemblance and her mother's feminine appearance the two are said to"... appear to be merely lovers on a stage to gazing spectators, lovers who replicate the very normative sex/gender roles - Wynonna as the masculine figure or husband, Naomi as the feminine figure or wife -"Newlyn, A. (http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2822/is_3_27/ai_n6330578/pg_1)Wynonna represents a form of transvestism and cross-gender identification that challenges both gender and...

Find Another Essay On To what extent does gender and / or sexuality have an effect on the production/consumption of jazz, popular and commercial music?

Does Popular Music Remain Popular? Essay

1352 words - 5 pages public consumption (Kotaba and Williams, 5). However, what binds different types of music under the term 'popular' is popularity. In the US, the earliest forms of popular music came under the form of jazz, especially the swing genre and its variations. The popularity of jazz came to a level that the 1920s and the years before and after that came to be known as the 'jazz age.' Both sophisticated clubs and small bars play jazz music. Dancing to

“To what extent does language develop the theme of gender roles in Pat Barkers “Regeneration”?”

1308 words - 6 pages Pat Barker uses language effectively in the novel “Regeneration” to present gender roles and other themes within the novel. Her presentation of women, emasculation and men taking on more feminine roles are important for the theme of gender roles within the novel. She also uses language effectively to present themes of duty and father figures. There is a very small but important female presence in “Regeneration”. The first mention of women in

What is culture? What effect does culture have on the conduct of business? Explain, giving examples.

1388 words - 6 pages The effect on award achievements p. 64.2 The effect of making decision p. 75.0 Conclusion p. 86.0 Bibliography p. 91.0 IntroductionAs the globalization invades our daily business in present times, people activities starts to become interrelated across boundaries. Different people might have different backgrounds and culture affects a person's behaviors. Culture is the invisible backbones to our societal body. Because of globalization

Does the amount of exercise have an effect on the pulse rate?

1287 words - 5 pages had at what speed, so you can determine whether the amount of exercise has an effect on the pulse rate.I could try other experiments to provide further evidence for this investigation. For example, we could set a distance and walk/run across it at different speeds and measure the pulse rate to see if it changes. Also, we could skip for a set time and then steadily increase the time to see if our pulse rate changes.

To what extent did Pol Pot have a catastrophic effect on society?

1500 words - 6 pages achieved without fertilizer, modern tools or material incentives. To achieve this, grain and rice allotted for consumption was cut back dramatically; this resulted in thousands of deaths by starvation. Thousands more collapsed from overwork. The absence of medical knowledge in the country caused much more suffering. Pol Pot’s rule undoubtedly had an extremely catastrophic effect on the people of Cambodia. It is estimated that 25% percent of

Violent Media Does Not Have an Effect on Children

2918 words - 12 pages access to violent media. However, even though children have access, the overall effects of violence on children are not negative. Statements and Beliefs of the opposing Viewpoint What role does violent media play on children? This has been a controversial topic for many years. During any violent tragedy, if the accused had any contact with violent media, those are immediately put at the center of attention. The Sandy Hook shooting drew the

To what extent have changes in legislation achieved equality in the labor market? With reference to 'gender'?

2327 words - 9 pages To what extent have changes in legislation achieved equality in the labour market? With reference to 'gender'?In this essay I will be examining the concept of equal opportunities in relation to the diverse work force in Britain. This essay will develop a comprehension and recognition of the anti- discriminatory legislations, the implementation of this and the effectiveness of it within the labour market: it will also principally concentrate on

Does Music have Positive Effects on the Mind?

1777 words - 7 pages Does music have positive effects on the mind? Few can deny that music isn’t powerful but whether or not it’s positive is a different matter. It becomes a common factor between people where just a single phrase can turn a crowd into a single entity of spirit and cacophony. However, this power can do more harm than good in some circumstances, creating a stereotype for genres of music. At a Metallica Concert in Montreal a few years ago, the

Female gender stereotyping in American popular music.

1176 words - 5 pages Mark JusticeSoc 311Dr. DoreenDue: 5-15-01WOMEN IN AMERICAN POPULAR MUSIC: A Brief Look At Gender StereotypingHumanity requires music. For most individuals and groups--circumspect of culture, time, or space--music is metaphor for heartbeat. Music is ensconced with the soul. The female role in the development of music over the millennia surely must have been dramatic. Today, women's voices fill the air all around us. However, their voices seem

How Does Music Effect The Brain?

1755 words - 7 pages with our emotions”. For example, if you listen to Tchaikovsky (classical) you may feel calm, and if you listen to Eminem (rap) you may feel hyper. If the music you listen to makes you feel good, it is good for you, Daniel Levitin, a Neuroscientist who focuses mainly on music, explains in an interview. What is The Brain? The human brain is the control center of the human body. It is the most important part of the body, because without a brain

Does pro football have a positive or negative effect on society?

944 words - 4 pages The National Football League, without a doubt has a huge impact on American society. This impact however, can have many positive or negative effects on our culture. It can bring people together with a common interest, raise or lower the morale of a city, and influence the economy. However, either the good or the bad aspects must outweigh the other. Most Americans would say that the positive aspects of football are very important to our and the

Similar Essays

Is Jazz, Popular And Commercial Music Inextricably Linked To Questions Of Generation?

1292 words - 5 pages - coevals: all the people living at the same time or of approximately the same age- group of genetically related organisms constituting a single step in the line of descent- the normal time between successive generations; "they had to wait a generation for that prejudice to fade"- the act of producing offspring or multiplying by such productionwordnet.princeton.edu/perl/webwnEvery generation in pop, commercial and jazz music have cherished music

Jazz & Popular Music. Essay

3735 words - 15 pages season in the economy and so producers, publishers and band leaders who were on the cutting edge at the time, took music into a laid back era - the Swing era. 81The nationalization of jazz and dance band booking also solidified the power of white people over African-American popular music across the nation. But as the economy changed, leaders of clubs and dance halls allowed black people to get jobs there. With an increasingly healthy social

How Popular Fiction Reflects Debates About Gender And Sexuality: Feminism

1589 words - 6 pages sexuality. What is more, it is an outstanding theme throughout the Bushnell's book also. Bushnell's heroines are confident women in all spheres of their lives, and about their sexuality as much about work or relationships. They can go to the sex club for new experiences (Sex and the City: p.10-16) or dance topless on the bar (Sex and the City: p.88-95). At the same time they have successful and respectable careers – a columnist, English journalist

To What Extent Does The Opening Scene Create A Menacing Effect On The Remainder Of The Play

1154 words - 5 pages realises he is no longer the master of his own world; he cannot control anything from this point on. This gives the audience the impression that events will not have a smooth course. He knew that his life was in danger and he ran the risk of never seeing Juliet again, as he was aware of the words of the Prince in the exposition to the play. This would be a shock to the audience; they would not have expected this to happen as Romeo had been portrayed as being separate from the violence throughout the whole play. However, this would have also left the audience in anticipation to what events would be carried out after this.