To What Extent Was Hitler Responsible For The Outbreak Of The Second World War In 1939 ?

1716 words - 7 pages

World war two taking place in 1939 is a turning point in history. The war happened because of a combination of multiple factors. The growth of different forms of totalitarianism, the harshness of the Treaty of Versailles, the policies of nations, the world economic crisis and the failure of appeasement were the major causes.World war one from the beginning till the end engendered many transformations of the world. The outcomes were spectacularly heavy. The populations of the nations confronted to the horror of the war were traumatised by what they had had to go through. The losses were counted in millions around the world with more than 18 million dead and more than 70 million soldiers mobilized. After the victory against the Axis, Europe assisted to a ravaging economic decline. The important loss of young men creating a birth deficit and an aging of the population were a problem for countries' economy for labour. The populations were weakened and desperate, having been harshly brutalised and slaughtered.The governments having difficulty reconstructing their country thought it right to impose reparations to the responsible for the outbreak of the war and so the losers. Many treaties were signed and imposed on the Axis. The treaty of Versailles the most important of the treaties was signed in June 1919 to end the war and wasn't negotiated between the Allies and Germany. The Allies believing that they had won imposed on Germany their terms condensed in the Treaty of Versailles. The Treaty was established to make Germans pay for what they had done to the countries, to prevent any other attack and give independence of countries that had been occupied by the Germans. They wanted justice though Georges Clemenceau also wanted revenge and to punish severely Germany for the damages done in the war. Germany through the treaty saw much of the territory he had gained during the four year of battle withdrawn and all German colonies were handed to Britain and France. Germany had a tax to pay for reparations for the damages done so important that Germany would never be able to pay, had to reduce its army to a few thousand men and was forbidden to have an air force nor submarines removing the power Germans thought they commanded. The occupation of the Rhineland was also imposed by the Treaty. As they were aware of the conditions of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, the Allies wanted to be as tough as Germany had been 2 years before towards Russia forcing the country hand to Germany some of its land. This is why the terms of the Treaty were severe towards Germany.The Germans felt pain and anger towards the harshness of the treaty of Versailles. They felt it was unfair as they hadn't been able to take part in the talks. They refused signing it for many reasons. They said they weren't to blame for the war, that the reparations asked would just provoke general famine and death around the country. Also the division of the territory was unfair leaving to the Germans 9...

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