To What Extent Does ‘The American Scholar’ Reflect The Values Of The Declaration Of Independence And The American Constitution?

1638 words - 7 pages

‘The American Scholar’ is a speech given by Ralph Waldo Emerson at the Cambridge on August 31st, 1837 and it was presented to the Phi Beta Kappa Society. Emerson defines Scholar as not only the students who studies in college level rather to all the literate men, who have power of thinking and understanding such as a man can be priest, the statesman, producer as well as soldiers which shows that man can alter in many different forms. Furthermore, he tries to present the scholars of Harvard that someone should not be depended rather needs to be creative and produce its own work. ‘The American Scholar’ reflects the values of the Declaration of Independence and American Constitution at a large extent through books, nature and action in which he reminds to the scholars that they should know how to be a man thinking, man of action, self trust, courageous and shouldn’t rely much upon on someone works such as books.
America got the independence on 4th of July 1776 until then America was under the decree of British hence, this day is subsequently celebrated as “Birthday of United States” as per the History of United States. American had tough time, everything were similar as of British such as rules and imposing taxes to the people living in their own country by someone who is so called as outsider never the less American did not lose faith and finally got their independence. The founding father: the main author of the Declaration of Independence is Thomas Jefferson. Although time passed and the country progressed as the same time however as people had so much influence of British as well as European, people still intended and was still accustomed of what British has taught them. In “The American scholar”, Emerson tries to relate the values of the Declaration of Independence and the American Constitution with the American Scholar such as in the text Emerson talks about the Books, Nature and Action. Through these three things a man can gain his self trust, courage, man of thinking and therefore it means freedom likewise the independence and constitution of America. Though the states had gained independence long way before still they were in the influence of European.
According to Emerson, books can be damaging for the scholars as books are the one which are being preserved for ages and are used for references. However, the idea of referring books is not relevant as per Emerson because he thinks that people are simply anxious of what the consequences would be if they go against what is written within the book. He even feels books can “kill a man’s creative thought process but he has also mentioned a book should be considered as a tool of information not a means to determine one’s thinking” (Manjari), which clearly gives an idea about how the, “American Constitution decentralized through the Articles established in United States as a confederation of states a system in which the states were largely independent but...

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