In today's world a leader has a lot of issues to deal with in an organization or in an organized group of individuals. The two major issues that arise in an organized group are task and process issues. What is leadership?" Leadership is the process of influencing the activities of an organized group in its effort toward goal setting and goal achievement."(Stodgill 1950) (Huczynski and Buchanan 2007).In other words the leader is a person who influences others to achieve a goal, and directs the organization in a way that makes it more cohesive and coherent.
A lot of people tend to explain leadership in a very easy way so that the individuals around them have the motivation in wanting to become leaders but it's easily said than done as leadership is difficult to practice as it involves a lot of hard work and determination. A lot of factors are related to leadership but the two most important factors are behavior and skills. Moreover these are the two most important factors but there are other factors which are needed to become an effective leader. To be an effective leader, he or she certainly has to manage the resources that are available to them and to make the group of individuals like the work that they are doing. Leadership varies in different types of groups depending on who the leader is and individual perceptions.
Are leaders born with leadership skills or are they made? While there are people who seem to be born more naturally to leadership than others, I personally believe that most individuals do not seek to be leaders; but those who want to be leaders can develop leadership skills.
Nowadays it seems that a lot of people seem to think that Management and leadership are the same. But one might ask what the difference between Leadership and Management is? Management relies more on organizational skills, communications skills and planning. Leadership requires some management skills too, but more so on skills and qualities such as integrity, honesty, courage, commitment, passion, confidence, positivity, wisdom, determination, compassion, sensitivity, and a degree of personal charisma. The leader is portrayed as someone who develops visions and drives new initiatives; whereas managers achieve stability.
In the past 50 years we have been upon a lot of theories by different theorists. One of the first academic theories was the Trait theory which tried to describe the types of behavior and personality tendencies associated with effective leadership. We can see that (Huczynski and Buchanan 2001) describe the trait theory as an "Attempt to identify the personality traits and other related attributes of the effective leader in order to facilitate the selection of leaders". There has been a lot of Criticism on the trait theory as it appears to focus on born leader because of their psychological makeup.
Leadership can be performed in many different styles. Some leaders have one style which is...