On March 11, 2011, in Japan’s main island was sudden, violent shake of the earth with a magnitude of 9.0 on the Richter scale. The earthquake resulted in extremely bad damages and the tsunami, which came after the shake, caused the Fukushima Daiichi power plant’s explosion. This brought about a spread of radioactive substances into the surroundings. After this event, there has been growing concern as to whether nuclear energy is a dangerous source of power. Several European countries, such as Switzerland, Germany, Italy, reacted to this accident (“IRRS follow-up mission Germany 2011,” 2011). The aim of this project is to describe the response of Germany to the Fukushima crisis and show it is invalid by examining arguments for and against Germany’s reactions. Moreover, recommend them to keep using pronuclear policy.
Three days after the disaster, the Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel announced that seven power plants, which were working more than 30 years, would be shut down, as well as a thorough security check of all plants (Kanter and Dempsey, 2011, March 15). And on May 30, she said that these power plants will never be open again. The rest, 9 plants will be closed by 2022 and replaced by renewable sources.
This decision was widely supported by several environmentalists and there are many reasons (Dempsey and Ewing, 2011. May 30).The Fukushima crisis demonstrated that, even in a highly technology developed country, the explosion of nuclear power plant is possible (“Q&As on Germany’s phasing out of nuclear energy”, 2011, para. 2) . It cannot be constructed power plant which is completely safe. Even though there is no danger of natural disasters, nuclear plants can be exploded by terrorists. Experiences from other severe incidents show that the meltdowns of reactors cause a lot of destructions for both human and environment (“Pros and cons of nuclear power”, n.d., para.3). The radioactive substances, which reactors release, harm human’s cells and cause cancer (Bernard L. Cohen, Sc.D., n.d., para.2).
There is significant evidence to suggest that the antinuclear policy is acceptable. Uranium (U), which is the main source of energy for nuclear power plants, is decreasing in the world. It will run out in the next 30 to 60 years (“Pros and cons of nuclear power”, n.d., para.3). The most appropriate way to get rid of demand on nuclear energy is to replace them with renewable energy sources, such as wind and solar energy. The shutting down of nuclear power stations accelerates building process of the renewable sources. They obtain energy from nature, so they will never come to an end. Moreover, this type of energy source has less effect on the environment than other sources (“The Advantages and Disadvantages of Renewable Energy,” n.d, para. 1).
Nevertheless, some predictors claimed that it may cause a crisis in Germany’s economy and lead to an increase of the cost of electricity in Europe (Dempsey and Ewing, 2011. May 30). “With this new...