There is no one definition for the term management. However, Fayol (1916) defined the term management as; “To manage is to forecast and plan, to organize, to command, to co-ordinate and to control.” Mc Ilwee.T and Roberts I, (1991): p.g117 Management is not standardized and is undertaken at all levels of the organization, as it is an integrating activity. Managers have to manage in order to achieve the overall objectives and strategy of the firm. All firms are seeking effective managers, and the quality of management is a key element of business success.
The four functions of management are essential to building strong teams and stronger organizations. Common to all managers, the four functions are planning, organizing, leading, and controlling. The aforementioned functions of the manager are the activities, which all managers must perform regardless of the industry, the level, the title, or the activity in which engaged.
In this paper we will be examining all four of these ingredients and then we will apply them to real world examples. These four things are used any time when initiating a new project or dealing with any change, which we all know is constant. A lot of us may be all ready using or have seen others, but just never noticed it or didn't know how to identify the methods. Let us start by looking at the definitions and examples of each.
Planning is the function of “doing.” It’s the first management function both because it lays the groundwork for all other functions. It is a technique of projecting the future, anticipating problems and selecting procedures for circumventing them. It is a general principle of management that a group effort can be attained more efficiently if everyone concerned has been informed of the ultimate goal and how, when, and where it shall be done, and who shall do which parts. Planning is the management function that involves identifying goals and alternative ways of achieving them. It maps out courses of action that will commit individuals, departments, and the entire organization.
Logical and well-defined organizations promote savings in energy and effort and reduce friction and frustration. The activities necessary to reach objectives are grouped into organizational charts. The charts reveal the functions performed by each position, from whom each group obtains its authority, and the relationships between groups and individuals. Planning has established the goals of the company and how they are to be achieved; organizing develops the structure to achieve these goals.
Proper leading will influence individuals to...