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Basic Normal Stages Of Child Development

5115 words - 20 pages

Basic Normal Stages of Child Development

This section is a brief overview of child development looking at
children from birth to the age of five. It is easiest show this
information as part of a table as it enables us to compare different
parts of a child’s development along side each other. It is also very
important to realise that the ages and time frames shown in the table
have been taken from the average ages and would not be cause for
concern if a child developed slightly slower than shown in the table

Physical and Language



Birth to 1 month:

The child generally needs feeding at least five times a day and sleeps
for about twenty hours every day.

The child can make basic distinctions using his senses

The child is under generalized tension

The child at the point is helpless and asocial which means that they
are fully dependant on there parent

2 to 3 months:

The child can now fully perceive the full range of colours and is now
trying to explore the surroundings orally.

The child can now make basic sounds such as basic cries and grunts,
has full control of eye muscles and can lift his head when on it’s

The child understands two emotions now, delight and distress, so the
emotional extremes have now been established

The child can now fixate his gaze over a person or object with
slightly more social understanding, they may also be soothed by

4 to 6 months:

Can now localise sounds and is now entering a stage of babbling, this
means that the child is starting to learn the basic sounds of the
individual letters. The child does not need feeding quite as much now
and has an increased motor ability giving the child control of head
and arm movements the child can own grasp purposefully, therefore
showing important signs of fine motor development

The child is starting to develop some basic likes and dislikes;
noticeably the child is expected to enjoy being cuddled.

The child should now be able to recognise and depict a known care
giver from a stranger. Is beginning to expect feeding dressing and

7 to 9 months:

The child now has gained the basic control of his trunk and hands, Can
sit without support and is comfortable crawling about

An emotional bond develops between the child and parent, the child may
protest separation from parent

The child enjoys attention and enjoys playing simple games such as

10 to 12 months:

The child develops an ability to control both legs and feet and can
now develop a pincer grip.

Can now imitate sounds and respond to simple commands, should be able
to say a few simple words

Emotional development continues as the child starts to understand the
feelings of fear and curiosity.

Can now be...

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