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Foundations Of Psychology Essay

1147 words - 5 pages

Foundations of PsychologyWhen thinking about the major schools of thought in psychology, you think first about psychology as a whole which is a study of the mind and human behavior, the different schools of thought are the main concepts studied through psychology. The schools of thought are biopsychology, cross-cultural psychology, structuralism and functionalism. Then you view the perspectives in psychology, these perspectives are paradigm, the psychodynamic, behaviorism, psychoanalysis, cognitivism, and evolutionary. Each of the schools of thought are interested in how the human mind works, their methodology is sought out in different ways. Some psychologists study behavior while some study the internal struggles and some study the environment.Psychology studies the mind and looks at the scientific study of your mind and your mental state. Psychology also looks at the study of human and animal behavior and helps us to understand how we think, feel and act. When many people hear the word psychology, they think of mental illnesses and the diagnosis and treatment of mental illnesses. There is so much more to psychology than that, it can be applied to a variety of issues that impact your daily life.The first school of thought is structuralism, pioneered by Wilhelm Wundt, who founded the first psychological laboratory in Leipzig, Germany, and Edward Titchner. Kowalski & Weston (2011) Structuralism emerged as the first school of thought and some of the ideas associated with the structuralist school. This school of thought focuses on breaking down mental processes into the most basic components and studies individual's consciousness. This is done through self-observation, also known as introspections.The second school of thought is functionalism founded by the work of William James and the evolutionary theory of Charles Darwin as a reaction to structuralism. This school of thought states psychology should focus on the functions and purposes of consciousness and human behavior and also emphasized individual differences. This school of thought encourages psychologists not to just study introspections, but to look at child rearing and education.Biopsychology is a combination of biology and psychology. Biopsychology analyzes the way the brain and neurotransmitters influence your behaviors, thoughts and feelings. Biopsychology is the study of how behavior affects a person and can be thought of as a combination of basic psychology and neuroscience.Cross-cultural psychology looks at how cultural factors influence the human behavior. This is mainly a focus on how behavior differs among the different cultures throughout the world examining their attitudes, behaviors, customs and values that are passed on from generation to generation. All cultures are similar but also considerably different. As an example, all cultures experience happiness, but how this feeling of happiness is expressed varies greatly from one culture to the next. The goal is to study...

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