Fungi Essay

508 words - 2 pages

FungiFungi is a group of single celled or multicellular organism which obtain their food by the absorption of nutrient from it's surrounding environment. Food is dissolved by the enzymes from which the fungi excrete and is later absorbed by the fungi's cell walls. Fungi plays an important part in the decaying and decomposition of organisms.Fungi were once thought of plants and put in the plant kingdom. They were thought of as plants with no stems and leaves. The differences between the two were so great though that scientist crated a whole kingdom for fungi. Fungi are classified as having a eukaryotic cell type, which is they have no internal bound membrane structures .Fungi are usually multicellular and their cell wall is usually made up of chitin. Fungi's mode of nutrition is absorption and they have no nervous system and locomotion.Most fungi is made up of delicate filamentous tubes called hyphae. In many species of fungus, performed walls, or septa, divide the hyphae into cells. Protoplasm flows through the opening in the septa to provide the cells with needed nutrients, which are then stored in the hyphal walls as glycogen. Hyphae elongates from the bottom tip of the fungi. The collection of hyphae is called mycelium.Most fungus reproduce by spores, which is small particles of protoplasm enclosed in walls. The common mushroom may produce more than 12 million spores The spores are released through the air and then come down and grow.The number of phylum in the kingdom fungi depends on the textbook. There are five main phylum Oomycota, Zymycota,...

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