This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Gaius Marius' Affect On Roman History

1234 words - 5 pages

A Great Roman Leader: Gaius MariusGaius Marius was born into a humble Roman family unlike most successful men of his time (Plutarch, Fall of the Roman Republic, Pg. 14, Para. 1). Even with the handicap of his poor family, he rose steadily in the ranks of the Roman army by working hard and outperforming others. When he was publicly noticed and recognized by Scipio, a popular general, he earned the respect and notice of other great leaders (Plutarch, Fall of the Roman Republic, Pg. 16, Para. 3). It was his success in the Roman army and the backing of Scipio and other generals that made possible his political career. Popular with the masses because of his humble beginnings, because of his reforms in the Roman army, and his prolonged office of consulship, he turned into one of Roman History's most famous leaders and caused the downfall of the Roman Republic.Marius transformed the army traditions of Rome by earning his rank through hard work and ambition. Where other generals purchased their positions and lived like noblemen, Marius worked along side the common soldiers, encouraging them, sharing their food rations promoting men on standards of merit. Marius insisted that each soldier carry his own gear, no more servants allowed. Soldiers had to train in combat gear and make long marches. Work was shared equally by all, he even made sure the animals were well cared for and improved their efficiency. He went so far as to encourage and enrollother poor men of ambition, to enter the army and gave them hope for a better life. He promised them land and money at the end of their service years.Up until this time, only a man of property would have been enrolled in the army. It was felt that and owner of property would be more loyal to the state than a poor man. A skilled and well loved general; he led his men by example and was rarely defeated. He was careful with his men and animals. He made changes in the weapons the army used to make them more deadly for the enemy and safer for his men to use. One example of this was his use of soft metal in the tip of the javelin that made it impossible for an enemy to pick up a spear that had been thrown and use it against his men. He went as far as developing these new weapons to better protect his men (Plutarch, Fall of the Roman Republic, Pg. 37, Para. 26). His caution in battle saved the lives of his men and demonstrated his love for them. His men wrote home regularly, extolling Marius' praises, recommending his election to higher office. None of this pleased the other leaders of his time.Love and adored by his soldiers, he was not so popular with the established political leaders. This popularity made Marius as many enemies as it made him friends. Even his old friends that had been helpful to him, early in his career, became bitter as their entitlements were threatened. Metellus was one of these old friends that had done much to help Marius rise in politics, only to be pushed out as Marius rose in popularity with...

Find Another Essay On Gaius Marius' affect on Roman History

Roman Cuisine: A bit on its history and how it is today

778 words - 3 pages widely used in RomaniaRomania is a remotely small country that was conquered by the Roman Empire over 2000 years ago. At the time, Present Day Romania was then known as Dacia. From that time period on, Romania suffered many other invasions from other countries such as Turkey and Hungary. These invasions ultimately influenced Romania as a whole but also made the common consumption of food what it is today in Romania. The Romanian dialect itself

Political Revolution in Rome 133-78 BC

2819 words - 11 pages would use the armies as though they were their own private forces. The first civil war in Italy was due to the personal conflict of two military leaders Marius and Sulla.The career of Gaius Marius, a plebeian who managed to rise to the top position in the state through military brilliance, weakened the hold of the senatorial aristocracy on Roman politics to a larger degree than the Gracchi . Sallust refers to him as "a hard worker, a man of

Republic Ancient Rome

1300 words - 5 pages the small farmers like his brother did, he expounded on Tiberius by helping the equestrian order (Spielvogel 101). Once again, the angry senators assassinated Gaius and all of his friends that helped him (Bingham 278). In ancient Rome, the leaders would do anything to keep their power including murder. A time of great unrest in ancient Rome led to new leadership and successful generals obtaining more power than consuls (Tremble and King 18). Two

The March of Sulla to Rome

1023 words - 4 pages The march of Sulla to Rome in 88 was considered to be one of Roman history’s most notable wars due to the underlying events that have led to Lucius Sulla to march to Rome and appoint himself as the supreme ruler and dictator of Rome. Despite the fact that he only have ruled for 3 years, his background on how he managed to overthrow his opponents and change the Roman Republic are indescribably the first of its kind to happen. Many have argued

Queen Elizabeth

1034 words - 5 pages consul, Marius, is responsible for changing the army into its professional form. The poor had a chance to be in the military, veterans received land, and changed the organization of the Roman legion (The Roman Army). The Roman military was the most powerful and successful in the history of armies, it dominated the western world for over a thousand years. Their size, force, and organization could never be beat. The soldiers of the Roman army


745 words - 3 pages kind.The Early Life of Julius Caesar is a classical study of the history of power and wealth in early Rome. Caesar was born on July 12, 100 BC. His father belonged to the prestigious Julian clan. His uncle by marriage was Gaius Marius, leader of the Populares which supported agrarian reform and was opposed by the reactionary Optimates. Marius saw to it that Julius Caesar was appointed flamen dialis which is a archaic priesthood with no power. Caesar

The Punic Wars

992 words - 4 pages points) Discuss the Social War. What brought about the conflict between Marius and Sulla? What was Sulla's rule like? Rome’s Social War, was a fight over recognition. At this time in history not all of the Italian peninsula was under Roman rule, these city-states were allies to Rome at the time, but did not possess the citizenship of Rome, which they strongly desired. Much like United States citizenship Roman citizenship had many benefits and

Lucius Cornelius Sulla

1400 words - 6 pages first time in Roman history, a Roman army stayed loyal to its commander and charged against their own city. Sulla quickly took control of Rome. He believed the enemies to be the populares party, so he made the optimates the party in power. He also abolished many laws passed by Marius. After taking control of Rome, he decided to focus on defeating Mithridates in the east. After he left for the east in 88 B.C. the populares took over the


1383 words - 6 pages nearly the end of the second century B.C.E., but their lack of professionalism had been their greatest weakness; after each campaign, the Roman Army would disband and have to be completely reformed for the next one (Wake). This approach to maintaining an army had led to a streak of defeats against Germanic tribes they fought against, causing a popular Roman general named Gaius Marius to realize the Roman Army needed to be completely revamped

Roman Concepts of Military Leadership

2537 words - 10 pages History, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2004. Matthew, Christopher. "The Battle of Vercellae and the Alteration of the Heavy Javelin (Pilum) by Gaius Marius - 101 BC." Antichthon 44, (2010): 50-67. Munro, Richard K. "The Last Great Roman Conqueror." Military History 18, no. 6 (2002): 22-28. Tada, Richard. "TRAJANS Last Conquest." Military History 24, no. 8 (2007): 44-49,4. .


1038 words - 5 pages Optimate, reactionary, and was a great enemy of Gaius Marius. He fought in the Jugurthine War against Marius and was exiled by him before Numidicus was brought back to rome with the help of his son Pius ("Quintus Caecilius Metellus Numidicus "). Infact, that is why Pius received the name "Pius", meaning dutiful and respectful ("Metellus"). Like his father, Pius was a strong Optimate and supporter of Lucius Cornelius Sulla. Pius opposed Gaius Marius and

Similar Essays

Affect On Us History Essay

999 words - 4 pages more by Brown v. Board of Education, Martin Luther King’s “I Have a Dream” speech, and computers. Brown refused admission to elementary school based on race. There were originally five separate cases on segregation in public schools (History of Brown v. Board of Education). The cases were first taken to US District Court. Thurgood Marshall takes the cases all the way to Supreme Court, where they are put under Brown v. Board of Education. He

The Affect Of Revolutionary Political Ideas And Conditions On Modern World History From World War I To The 1970s

1724 words - 7 pages left World War I. Russia's change to communism had a large affect on the world, especially due to the fact that it was during the later years of World War I. Germany no longer had to fight a two front war; they could concentrate all of their power on the eastern front. This was a tremendous relief for Germany. On the eastern front, their soldiers were dieing quickly and supplies were running low. However, now they could replenish their forces

Anicent Roman Buildings And There Affect On Modern Day Architecture

808 words - 4 pages When people travel to government buildings you may notice that they look like european works, that is because they were influenced by Ancient Rome. The Romans developed unique techniques on buildings which were used in some of the most greatest achievements in Ancient Rome. One of the most influential buildings was the Pantheon which remained durable and lasted for years. Roman works are adapted from Greek

The Affect Human Rights Has On History

962 words - 4 pages It is hard to conceptualize the world without human rights, but if that were a possibility the world would be an extremely different place. Today, more fortunate people often take humans rights for granted. Furthermore, most adolescents in more developed countries seem to forget that throughout history the struggle for human rights was a coarse journey, and that some people were not as prosperous as many individuals are today. Human rights is a