Galapagos Essay

1488 words - 6 pages

The Galapagos Islands is just off of the coast of South America, the islands belong to Ecuador. The Galapagos Islands are located about 600 miles off the coast of Ecuador. "There are 13 large islands, 6 smaller ones and 107 islets and rocks." (Galapagos Conservation Trust, 2007).Charles Darwin had studied a mixture of plant life and animals here. The Galapagos Islands are well-known for the diversity of vegetation and animals that is located on the Islands. The Galapagos Islands are found on the equator a little west of the South American coast. The Islands were formed by mantel hot spots, like many other islands. The Galapagos were created by the Cocas and the Nazca plate, which are constantly moving.There are many different species of plants and animals that live on the Galapagos Islands. The Galapagos is home to the single penguin that can live in warm waters. The marine iguana eats the seaweed and the famous Giant Tortuous which has evolved many times, to just name a few. There are some amazing plants, for example, the Scalesia also know as the tree daisy, is a beautiful white flower with a light pink pigment. These plants and animals need to be protected if they are to survive any longer.The Finches on the Galapagos Islands have evolved over the years because of their beaks. The beaks are larger and much harder to open the larger nuts. There was a severe drought in 1977 which made the vegetation wilt, which left very few soft seeds and a number of larger hard ones. "The birds that survived the 1977 drought tended to be larger, with bigger beaks" (Grant, 1986). These birds survived because of their ability to produce offspring that could deal with the larger harder nuts. The finches are a classic example of Darwin's theory of evolutionary process.There are different types of threats to the islands population of plants and animals. The goats "devoured the lush vegetation carpeting the flanks of Alcedo Volcano" (Jocelyn Kaiser, 2001), which the Giant Tortuous thrive in and need to survive. To save the natural plants and animal's people have made decisions to rid themselves of these pests. Hunters have come in to shoot and kill the goats but a few remain to clear the brush so the hunters can find the pigs inhabiting the island. "The planned Isabela goat removal is no less than a battle to save the Galapagos' largest remaining population of giant tortoises, an icon of the famous archipelago 965 kilometers off Ecuador's coast" (Jocelyn Kaiser, 2001). Survival of the fittest will always win this type of game unless people interfere, which normally happens.The islands are bountiful in different types of beautiful vegetation for all to see, but these things will end if problems keep up. "There are about 560 native species of plants in the islands, in other words, plants which arrived in the islands by natural means" (Galapagos Flora). These plants include passion flower, cotton, guava, pepper, and tomato which most are only found on the islands. Some...

Find Another Essay On GALAPAGOS

Diversity in the Galapagos Islands Essay

1058 words - 5 pages If not for Charles Darwin, shown on the right, the world might not see the Galapagos Islands how we do today. The islands hold exotic and extraordinary plants and animals. Of these animals, some are going extinct or have already gone extinct. There are many varieties of natural and introduced plant life. Charles Darwin was born February 12, 1809 in Shrewsbury, England. He sailed on the HMS Beagle in 1831. He knew he was going to the

Galapagos Islands And Madagascar - Similarities And Differences

578 words - 2 pages The Galapagos Islands and Madagascar compare and contrast in many ways. The Galapagos Islands are made up of twelve smaller islands with larger cliffs. Madagascar is one full island on the coast of Africa with vast ranges of mountains. The Galapagos is in the Pacific and Madagascar is in the Indian. They are both very similar even though they are located on opposite sides of the world. The two islands have unique species of animals and plants

Longevity of Galapagos Islands Giant Tortoises

1037 words - 4 pages Some people would love to live for over 100 years. Why this may not always be possible for humans, it is quite common for the Galapagos giant tortoises. The oldest reported giant tortoise is believed to have been Harriet, who is estimated to have been at least 176 years old when she died in 2006 while on display at the Australia Zoo in Brisbane, Australia. Handpicked by Charles Darwin himself when she was approximately five years old, even he

Comparing the Old and Present Galapagos Islands

1173 words - 5 pages Cody BealeJuly 23rd, 2014The Galapagos Islands: 1800's vs. ModernIn June 1831, the H.M.S. Beagle set sail from England under the command of Commander Robert Fitz Roy on a 4 year surveying mission (Fitz Roy was promoted to Captain during the cruise). Fitz Roy had decided to take along some one who would "profit from the opportunity of visiting different countries yet little known." The person who took up this unpaid position was 22 year-old

Depletion of the Sea Cucumber Population in the Galapagos Islands

1638 words - 7 pages Depletion of the Sea Cucumber Population in the Galapagos IslandsElizabeth FoxIntroductionOne thousand kilometers off the Ecuadorian coastline lies the Galapagos Marine Reserve, the home to one of the world's most unique ecosystems. The Galapagos Marine Reserve covers an area about 51,000 square miles. The Galapagos Marine Reserve is measured by a 40 nautical mile radius from each of the outer islands. Within this large area around 2,900 marine

The Harvesting of Sea Cucumbers in the Galapagos Islands

1654 words - 7 pages The Harvesting of Sea Cucumbers in the Galapagos Islands Sea cucumbers in the Galapagos are being fished out illegally in spite of a four-year ban that is unsuccessfully enforced by the Ecuadorian government. Most sea cucumbers are dried and exported to Taiwan and Hong Kong. The waters off of mainland Ecuador have already been stripped of commercially valuable sea cucumbers. The controversy in the Galapagos involves the inability to

The Natural History of the Galapagos Written by Ian Thornton

1511 words - 6 pages people and the animals which are, are on earth today. Like all scientific discoveries the theory of evolution had to be discovered by someone, and this someone’s name was Charles Darwin. Charles Darwin was an English biologist who was born in 1809; he was also a writer and known to be the father of biology. The following is based on the book “The Natural History of the Galapagos,” written by Ian Thornton. Darwin came up with the theory of

Physical attributes and atmosphere of Galapagos Islands. Speaks of Mellville and Darwin

968 words - 4 pages During the nineteenth century, two prominent writers, Herman Melville and Charles Darwin both voyaged to the Galapagos islands off the coast of Ecuador. Both of these individuals wrote descriptive passages about the physical attributes and atmosphere of the Galapagos Islands. The passages vary in specific content due to the intentions and interests of the respective authors, even though the object described is the same. Charles Darwin, best

The Marine Iguana

1045 words - 5 pages The Marine Iguana can also be known as its scientific name, Amblyrhynchus cristatus. They are found only on the Galapagos Islands, and have been called the reptiles of the sea. The Marine Iguana weighs up to 10kgs and can be up to 100cm’s in length, although the weight and lengths vary depending on what island they are from throughout the Galapagos islands. The Marine Iguana is usually seen as black and grey, occasionally going red and green

Charles Darwin's Life and Accomplishments

993 words - 4 pages different specimens as actual incredible, different species - 12 of which were new species. He had not seen these species anyplace else before and wind up that they were unique to the Galapagos Islands. The other, similar, birds Darwin had bring back from the South American continent were much more common, but different than the new Galapagos species. Charles Darwin did not occur with the Theory of Evolution on this trip. As a matter of fact, his


844 words - 3 pages characteristics. Humming birds are adapted to their environment by having long beaks so they can get pollen easier. Chickens have small sharp beaks, which help them peck the ground for bugs and seeds. I know a great deal about plants, animals, of my native country, and I saw a diversity of beetles, turtles, birds, etc., on my travel to the Galapagos Islands. As I observed the Galapagos Islands, and resulted that each and every island is

Similar Essays

Galapagos Islands Essay

958 words - 4 pages Charles Darwin an English naturalist and geologist discovered several species of finches on the Galapagos Islands during his second voyage on the HMS Beagle in (1831). The Galapagos Islands are a small archipelago of islands which compose thirteen main islands and six smaller isles. The vast majority of these finches varied from island to island. Darwin was fascinated on the large variety of the finches and how they differed from one another

Galapagos Island Essay

1617 words - 7 pages Charles Darwin an English naturalist and geologist discovered several species of finches on the Galapagos Islands during his second voyage on the HMS Beagle in (1831). The Galapagos Islands are a small archipelago of islands which compose thirteen main islands and six smaller isles. The vast majority of these finches varied from island to island, the large variety of the finches differed from one another. E.g., (in their beak shape and size

The Galapagos Islands Essay

1773 words - 7 pages The Galapagos Islands, located about 600 miles west of continental Ecuador, contain a rich history of settlement and exploration and represent a living example of evolution that is still relevant today. For centuries, this chain of volcanic islands has been used uniquely by various cultures based off distinct needs. What has remained the same however is the fact that island isolation has forced many animal and plant species to adapt differently

The Galapagos Islands Essay

2000 words - 8 pages The Galapagos Islands: A Precious Biodiversity Hotspot Gordon B. Hinckley once said, “Life is precious. Life is sacred. And it ought so to be observed.” Hinckley is expressing that every variety of life is exquisite and irreplaceable and it is there for us to observe and utilize to increase the quality of life overall. About six hundred miles off of the coast of Ecuador lay a biodiversity hotspot called the Galapagos Islands. This archipelago