Galileo And Newton And Their Ideas

1090 words - 4 pages

Galileo believed the physical world to be bounded. He says that all materialthings have 'this or that shape' and are small or large in relation to other things. He alsosays that material objects are either in motion or at rest, touching or not touching someother body, and are either one in number, or many. The central properties of the materialworld are mathematical and strengthened through experimentation. Galileo excludes theproperties of tastes, odors, colors, and so on when describing the material world. Hestates that these properties 'reside only in the consciousness.' These latter propertieswould cease to exist without the living creature so the mathematically defined propertiesare the most accurate in describing the material world. Galileo seems to test his beliefsthrough experimentation and mathematical reasoning. He sites examples in life thatsupport his hypothesis. His argument is of a scientific nature because he is making ahypothesis on a distinctive type of concept. The conclusions that Galileo made relatedirectly to the work in physics for which he is so well known. His conclusions putemphasis on shapes, numbers, and motion which are all properties that lend themselvesto support through 'reasoning back and forth between theory and experiment.' I feel thatGalileo's argument is a valid one because it explains relations in nature and the physicalworld through mathematical analysis. This allows him to define a world outside ofhuman existence that can be logically calculated and explained. His view describes theworld in which living creatures live and not contrasts it to the world within livingcreatures. The problem with Galileo's view is that it pioneers a scientific outlook butnever actually fulfills it.Newton believes the world is ultimately made up of hard particles that can retaindifferent properties. The central properties are solid, massy, impenetrable, and movableparticles. He believes God created matter in the beginning in such a way to allow theparticles to take on mathematical forms. His approach is a scientific one because hepractices the continual interaction of experiment and theory. It is the hard particles thatmove in such a way that can be assigned certain mathematical principles that clearlyexplain the interaction of bodies. Newton's conclusion seems to be a strong one becauseit deals with the world being made up of particles and shows how these particles act witheach other in a way that can be explained scientifically. I like the idea of organized flowin the world and God being the creator of it all. The mathematical/scientific approachoffers explanation to how the particles are moving. Galileo and Newton differ in certainaspects of their understanding of the physical world. Galileo doesn't put much emphasison the role of creativity in science. Newton believes in the mathematical andexperimentation outlook of science pioneered by Galileo but he believed that newconcepts are the product of creative imagination. He felt...

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