Galileo Biography Essay

933 words - 4 pages

Galileo Galilei A long time ago, on Feb. 15, 1564, a child was born in the beautiful city of Pisa, Italy. This child would have a great impact on the world. He would travel far and see many things. His schooling would also take place away from home. But it would be worth it for he would discover and invent many brilliant ideas and machines. His name was Galileo Galilei and he was a great man who stuck with his ideas and spread them to the world.Galileo's birthplace was Pisa but soon after he was born the family moved to Florence. He lived there for a while with his parents and siblings. After completing grade school in Florence it was time for him to move on. He left home and headed for an old home where he would spend four years schooling, the University of Pisa. On Sept. 5, 1581 he enrolled at the University of Pisa. He was a student of the "Arts" and also studied medicine at his father's wishes. After four years of studies he returned home empty handed. In other words he was not able to receive his degree and went back home without it.After being home for a while Galileo decided to go on another journey and in 1587 he took his first trip to Rome. There in Rome he met Christoph Clavius. In Rome he discovered and invented many things. One of his first discoveries was the propositions about the centers of gravity. He stated "The earth revolves around the sun due to gravity". His works go beyond those of Archimedes. The next thing he discovered in 1593 was an invention. He invented a machine that raises water. It was a pump driven by horses. And in 1594 he received a patent on it. A year after he received the patent he discovered how the tides are linked with the moon. Shortly after that he retuned home.In 1615 he returned back to Rome to defend himself. His Copernican ideas on the universe had been criticized and he went back to defend these ideas. He was especially criticized by the church who hated these ideas that went against their beliefs. Galileo wrote to the church stating that "the distances covered in natural motion are proportional to the squares of the number of time intervals, and therefore, the distances covered in equal times are as the odd numbers beginning from one." After he was done defending himself he went back to being a great scientist. His next machine that he built was a telescope that he built and observed celestial objects with. It had a magnifying power of about 40. With it he studied Saturn and the phases of Venus. He also observed the sun's spots. " I've never seen a more...

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