Galileo Galilei was born in Pisa, Italy on February 15, 1564 and was named after his ancestor Galileo Bonaiuti who was a physician, professor, and politician. His parents were Giulia Ammannati and Vincenzo Galilei, a famous lutenist, composer, and music theorist. He was the first born of six children of which three of his five siblings survived infancy. He started his education at the young age of 8 at the Camaldolese Monastery at Vallombrosa, which brought a close connection to the Christian religion.
Following in his father’s footsteps, Galileo became an accomplished lutenist, which later expanded the intellectual catechism of how the world works. Michelangelo, the youngest of his siblings, was also a lutenist but had financial struggles due to promised dowries for his brother- in-law, which Galileo had to help and assist his brother financially. Galileo was strained by financial burdens, but it helped him think of ways to make additional income which brought him to develop ideas of inventions.
The priesthood made a great impression on the young at a young age, Galileo was greatly intrigued in devoting his life to priesthood and even took the time to tell his father about his future endeavors. Unfortunately for young Galileo, stated in an online article, “his father immediately removed Galileo from the monastery, not wanting his son to pursue the unprofitable career of becoming a monk” (Bellis). His father also insisted him to obtain his medical degree from the University of Pisa, which is where he developed and tested theories. This started when he was studying medicine and he noticed a chandelier swinging and compared it with his heartbeat; he noticed that the chandelier swinging in larger or smaller arcs, whether swinging back and forth, took the same amount of time. This observation encouraged Galileo to start his experiment which helped validate his theories and provide facts to back up his notions. With his theory tested with pendelums, almost 100 years later, his theory was used for the invention of the pendulum clock by Christiaan Huygens.
Though he was developing and testing his theories, Galileo was not exposed to mathematics but was intrigued in the subject after attending a geometry lecture. He then began to study mathematics and natural philosophy instead of medicine since right before he earned his degree, the university cut him off due to unpaid funds. Returning to Florence, he lectured at the Florentine academy, where he studied and applied his new interests, and in 1586 he published an essay describing his invention of the hydrostatic balance, when fluid is at rest, which made his name known throughout Italy. With his other interest of philosophy, Galileo studied fine arts and received an instructer position in the Accademia delle Arti del Disegno in Florence in 1588 where he met Cigoli, a painter, who applied Galileo’s astronomical observations in his painting. This led Galileo to expand his mentality to be more...