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Galileo Galilei Essay

1005 words - 4 pages

Galileo Galilei

Galileo was born in Pisa along the Via del Cuore in 1564 to Vincenzo Galileo, a man known for his study of music, and Giuli Ammananti. When Galileo was ten he moved to Florance.1 At eleven young Galileo was sent to Vallombrosa for school. At fifteen Galileo decided to be a monk, but because of his father gave up his ambition. In the late summer of 1581 Galileo entered the University of Pisa and embarked on a course of study in medicine. Studying the Aristotelian system, which states larger heavier objects from high places, Galileo became increasingly skeptical. Evidence of Galileo’s brilliance was assured when in 1583, he was attending service in the cathedral and he saw that the flames of the candles osculated back and fourth. It was upon this observation that the pendulum was built. Not having enough money and not having the skills required to stay at the University, they kicked him out. To get by, Galileo began tutoring students. His continuous work with mathematics led Galileo to go to Rome and visit the famous Jesuit mathematician Christopher Calvis. From there on out, Galileo was able to hob-knob with Italy’s mathematical elite. As Galileo’s acquaintances grew, so did his reputation. He went on to make lectures and speeches about his mathematical findings. Unfortunately by 1593 Galileo was in dept. To make up for his financial problems Galileo invented what we know as the thermometer. There was no money in this so Galileo worked at a university teaching ptolemy and kept his job tutoring for a fair price. Time passed and Galileo moved from Giustina to a large three-story house behind the Basilica of San Antonio. Galileo still struggled to make ends meat, which also could be blamed on his mistress Marina Gamba, therefore he considered doubling his money by working for Gonzaga of Mantua. Galileo was asked by the Grand Duchess Christine of Tuscany to instruct her son Prince Cosmo. In February 1609 Galileo returned to his problem for the military about the trajectory of an artillery shell. Fortune was yet to smile on Galileo that is until 1609. Hearing of a spyglass, invented in Holland, that magnified objects from afar. Galileo sought to make profits from this devise before the Holland inventor was able to come and sell his spyglass throughout Venice. Using the properties of light refraction, Galileo was given a substantial raise. With his life apparently out of ruin Galileo set out to investigate the moon. Galileo’s noticed that the moon was not a perfect sphere as had been throughout Galileo’s moon observations left much to be acquired in the universe, so he stated remodeling his telescope to even grater. Proportions in attempt to observe the constellations. Upon these observations Galileo wrote "Siderus Nuncius", which took Europe by storm with the discoveries made.

The world was definitely looking better for Galileo at this time. On July 10, 1610 Galileo was appointed Chief mathematician and...

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