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Galileo Galilei's Life And Accomplishments Essay

1018 words - 5 pages

In 1583 Galileo went into the University of Pisa to study medicine, with very high intelligence and knowledge, he became very fascinated with an extraordinary amount of subjects, mainly mathematics and physics, he told his father he did not want to be a doctor. He was exposed to the Aristotelian view of the world and was intent to be a university professor. Unfortunately due to financial reasons he declined from the college. A year later Galileo enrolled into the University of Padua for the degree he pursued in the University of Pisa. He graduated from Padua and became a professor teaching geometry, mathematics and astronomy until 1610. Most of his students told him he was more brilliant and more intelligent than he was thought to be, being a college teacher. In 1581, when he was studying medicine, he noticed a chandelier swinging, which air currents shifted. It seemed, with his heartbeat, that the chandelier took the same amount of time to swing back and forth. When he returned home, he set up two pendulums and swung one with a large sweep and the other with a small sweep and found that they kept time together. To this point, he had been kept away from mathematics, but upon accidentally attending a lecture on geometry, he talked his father into letting him study mathematics and natural philosophy instead. He created a thermoscope which is somewhat like the thermometer and in 1586 published a small book on the design of a hydrostatic balance he had invented. Galileo also studied disegno, which is like fine art, and in 1588 he was instructor in the Accademia delle Arti del Disegno in Florence, teaching perspective and chiaroscuro. With that Galileo acquired an aesthetic mentality.

Some of Galileo's inventions include the military compass, which he invented while he was teaching, and sold several to his students that families were wealthy merchants. The money he made selling the military compass he donated to the Sisters at the Catholic Church. He also invented the thermometer but didn't sell them for money. Galileo's telescope is what he was most known for and where most of his profit and fame came from, he didn't invent the telescope, but made improvement to make it a lot better and more improved. His improvements were made to the telescope made by the Dutch eyeglass makers.

He improved the telescope from 3x which was his first telescope and the first one from Holland, he improved the telescope to 30x. By sitting in his window with his telescope every spare second that he had he discovered Venus, Saturn and Neptune. Sometimes Galileo would get up at three in the morning to see if there was anything he missed earlier, and from winter, to spring, to summer, to fall and to winter again, from noon to noon he stared into a telescope. Galileo's first telescope, he discovered Callisto, Europa, Ganymede, which are better known as the moons of the planet Jupiter. On January 7 1610, Galileo observed with his...

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