This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Galileo's View Of The New World

1421 words - 6 pages

Galileo’s letter to the Grand Duchess Christina caused much controversy when it was written in 1613. It caused such controversy because it was an indirect attack on the Catholic Church with a viewpoint that was not of the ‘status quo’. This essay will thoroughly analyse this document. It will analyse the context behind what was happening in 17th century with regards to science and religion. Secondly it will critically explain and analyse the grounds behind why this document actually holds significance. This will make the argument that Galileo wanted to make the distinction between science and religion.

In order to understand and analyse this source, the letter needs to be in its 17th century context. During this period, the Catholic Church had a firm grip on power concerning social thoughts . It was common practice for people to not have read the bible due to illiteracy. The letter itself is very important to establish a different viewpoint of the importance of astronomy with regards to religion. His support of Copernican explanations of motion of the Earth would create controversy because it went against the Churches official view of the rules of motion by taking a literal meaning of the words of scripture.

Galileo’s purpose is to defend Nicolaus Copernicus’s theory of motion. Copernicus’s theory, which was further investigated by Galileo, was that the Sun was the centre of the universe and the Earth orbited the sun . This theory was in conflict with the accepted Aristotelian theory that the Earth was the centre of the universe and the planets and the sun revolved around Earth . Because the Bible did not explain in depth (which this essay will argue), the Aristotelian along with the scripture was the acceptable view of the time.

Finocchiaro argues that the Galileo affair – which stemmed from the letter that Galileo wrote to Father Castelli (a student of Galileo) and later reiterated to the Grand Duchess Christina of Tuscany, is one of the early arguments of science and religion . He argues that Galileo liked to create controversy . This could set a precedent that Galileo wanted to cause uproar by going so far to the extreme that the nobles and the Church would take a serious look into his findings, when he may have exaggerated certain points.

One of Galileo’s main issues was the purpose of scripture with regards to interpretation. Galileo makes the argument that Scripture cannot be wrong but it is up to the interpretation of it. For example, he stated, “Though the scripture cannot err, nevertheless some of its interpreters and expositors can sometimes err in various ways” . Furthermore he states that if we were to take the literal meaning of what the scripture states – we would be personifying God by giving him human characteristics of a body and emotions. In essence the literal interpretation would give God the right to make mistakes, which of course would not be accepted by anyone in the church.

Galileo did have a basis for...

Find Another Essay On Galileo's View of the New World

The world view of bertrand russell

2474 words - 10 pages The World View of Bertrand Russell In today's world, it is difficult to know just what is correct among the ideas of the universe, what we are and how we came to be, and how we should live as human beings and as a society. Bertrand Russell, an agnostic philosopher, approaches these questions and tries to answer them according to what science has proven throughout history.In an debate with F. C. Copleston, Bertrand Russell was questioned on the

Motives of Exploration of the New World

832 words - 3 pages Until the late 1400's, Europeans did not know the existence of the two American continents ( North and South America ). To the European explorers, exploring the other side of the Atlantic was like exploring an entire different world, hence the name- the New World. In 1492, Christopher Columbus unknowingly discovered the new continent. His original motives for exploring was to find an easier route to Asia but instead, he discovered the New

The Development of the New World

1511 words - 7 pages Analysis: Beginning in 1942 with Christopher Columbus, the New World was conquered by Spain’s Empire which established much of South America, the United States and the Caribbean. When the Spanish first arrived, their mission was to see what the land had to offer as well as convert the indigenous people. What was not expected for the Spaniards to bring was disease and hardship of the land’s people. Spain began to abuse the land, turn its people

The Colonization of the New World

1018 words - 5 pages Factors That Gave Rise to the Age of Exploration and Motives for Colonization in the New World The Age of Exploration or Age of Discovery was a period in time from the early 15th century and lasted until the 17th century, during which Europeans began to travel by sea in search of new trade route to accommodate for the high demands for Asian goods in Europe. Advancements in technology lead Europeans to build improved ships and begin using new

The Wealth of the New World

1088 words - 5 pages Wealth in the New World The establishment of European Colonies in the New World brought forward the challenge of overcoming the diversity among the Indian society. Invading was a simpler task for European colonist compared to adapting into a new environment away from their Mother Country. A major clash of cultures, ideas, religions, and the people as well as a lack of compromise contributed to the decrease of the

The Discovery of The New World

1808 words - 8 pages about Columbus’ administration. He had no choice but to return to Spain in 1496, leaving his brother Bartholomew in charge at Hispaniola. Third Expedition: This adventure took place in 1498, when the fascination by the new world was wearing off. Since there were complaints about the situation in Hispaniola, the “admiral of the sea” was forced to report back convicts as colonists, and he sailed further south, where this time, his landfall was

The Colonists of the New World

1258 words - 5 pages In the 1600s the land of Massachusetts Bay and Virginia were the first two regions to be colonized in the New World. Both colonies, New England and Chesapeake, had each of their own separate failures and of course, their successes. Virginia’s colony focused immensely on labor and profit which took the attention away from forming community infrastructure and stability which is what allowed Massachusetts Bay to start their settlement on the right

Brave New World: Idea of the Future

1176 words - 5 pages Depression and the stock market crash. All around there was poverty, fear, and sorrow. Aldous shows the opposite; a life of stability where no one worries about money and people can have all the luxuries they want (Napierkowski and Stanley 62). Although these events negatively impacted Huxley’s view of the world, he managed to use them as inspiration for the novel. During Huxley’s life, society’s values started to change. In the 1920 generation, citizens

Brave New World: The Destruction of Family

1552 words - 6 pages Is the push for a perfect utopia enough to siphon motherhood, family, and love? As in Brave New World, Aldous Huxley illustrates the destruction of the idea of family in this ’perfect world‘. People in the world today have the ability to express love and obtain a family. Huxley explores the futuristic outlook on a world (in many ways similar to ours) that would not allow such humanistic traits. Science is so called the ’father of progress’ and

Fulfilling the Prophecy of Brave New World

918 words - 4 pages Fulfilling the Prophecy of Brave New World   "Community, Identity, Stability" is the motto of the World State in the Brave New World by Aldous Huxley, a state intent on keeping itself intact. In the stable state, the people must be happy with the status quo; they must not be able to imagine a better world, and must not think of a worse one. In the stable state, a few people must be able to cope with unexpected change, but they

The New World: A Clash of Cultures

1820 words - 7 pages many languages, possessed no modern tools, no political structure in place, and did not worship the same God that the Europeans did. They had plans of conquering the land, the natural resources and improving those that inhabited the land transforming the new world into the Europeans view of a civilized nation. Indians had a very diverse culture. They were not just one people, but many different people living in a very diverse landscape, which

Similar Essays

Cultures Of The New World Essay

2166 words - 9 pages they had no respect for the land, plants and animals. Settlers destroyed tons of land and plants to set up "permanent" housing rather than relocating when needed. With the new world brought horses. Indians were used to fighting on foot with bow and arrow. They quickly learned techniques for raids on horseback, (Spaar, 1989)Notable influence on New World cultureNative peoples have been crucially important to “The American Story” from the

A Cultural View Of The World

854 words - 4 pages by culture. Surrounded by culture every day, a person’s family, ethnicity, and religion have profound effects on their view of the world. Ethnicity is a monumental role in culture. It can have many effects on how a person acts within their own ethnic group. For instance, the climate zone in which a person resides affects their ethnicity because it influences one’s way of life. A person who lives in a rural setting lives a different lifestyle

Hitler's Aryan View Of The World

1245 words - 5 pages set up a plan of his political career and he developed his anti-Semitic ideas. Hitler did not accept that Germany had lost World War I and that the Germans had to suffer. The consequence of it, in Hitler’s view, drastic and immediate action was required to save the country. He tried to find a reason for the defeat of Germany. Finally, Hitler found somebody to blame the loss on: The Jews. Hitler thought the German had been weakened by Jews because

Hitler's Aryan View Of The World

1363 words - 5 pages his anti-Semitic ideas. Hitler did not accept that Germany had lost World War I and that the Germans had to suffer. The consequence of it, in Hitler’s view, drastic and immediate action was required to save the country. He tried to find a reason for the defeat of Germany. Finally, Hitler found somebody to blame the loss on: The Jews. Hitler thought the German had been weakened by Jews because they were marrying the ‘perfect humans ‘, Aryans. In