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Gallstones Essay

1186 words - 5 pages

What are gallstones? Gallstones usually form in the gallbladder when liquid stored hardens into pieces of stone like material. Also, gallstones can form anywhere in the intrahepatic, hepatic, common bile, or cystic ducts. The liquid, called bile is used to help the body digest fats. Bile is made in the liver, and then stored in the gallbladder until the body needs to digest fat. At that time, the gallbladder contracts and pushes the bile into a duct which carries it to the small intestine, where it helps with assimilation. Gallstones are yellow liquid made of fats and cholesterol that convert to stones when collect it in the gallbladder. Gallstones are hard, pebble-like deposits that form inside the gallbladder. Gallstones range in size from very small to as large as a golf ball. Also, gallstones can move from the gallbladder into the common duct or the cystic. However, knowledge about gallstones, and Occurrence, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Complications of Gallstones are very beneficial because you will be able to avoid it in the future.
Gallstones are more common in women. They are also more common in overweight people, and people with a family history of gallstones. According to (Harvard Women's Health Watch 18.7 (2011): 6-7.) said "more than 25 million people in the United States have gallstones, and 65% to 75% of them are women”. Gallstones occur in the gallbladder when the bile is trapped in it and causes to create irritation and pressure. In the Bile duct the Gallstone may be made-up of bile pigments and cholesterol salts. The cholesterol Gallstone is the most common type which is formed when the amount of the cholesterol in the bile. The estrogen boosts the concentration of cholesterol more in the women. In addition, there are main reasons of gallstones which are bone marrow or organ transplant, diabetes, failure of the gallbladder to empty bile properly, and liver cirrhosis and biliary tract infections according to (A.D.A.M. 2011).
In the presence of gallstones there could be: The steady, severe pain in the upper abdomen side and increases rapidly and lasts from couple of minutes to several hours, the pain in the back between the shoulders, the condition of nausea or vomiting, Bloating in the abdomen, the Indigestion, the low grade fever, the whiteness of eyes or yellowish color of skin, the clay-colored stool or Intolerance of fatty foods etc. Most of the times in many people the presence of gallstones shows no symptoms. These types of gallstones are called silent stones and the patient having silent stones are called asymptomatic. The silent stones do not affect the liver, the gallbladder or the pancreas and need not to be treated.
Often the gallstones are detected when results of medical tests are being examined for other medical conditions. When doctor suspect about the presence of gallstone, he must ask for ultrasound, which is the most effective and specific test for examine the occurrence of gallstones. ...

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