﻿ Gandhi was an influential figure in our society. He taught many people about equal rights, honouring
thy neighbour, and peace and tranquillity. Although at times his actions were deemed improbable and
insane nevertheless, they were effective. Life of Mohatama Gandhi; his goals he accomplish for freedom
for South Africa; and how Mohatama finally obtained freedom for India.
Gandhi, also known as Mahatma Gandhi, was born in the present state of Gujarat on October 2,
1869. He was educated in law at University College, London. In 1891, after Gandhi was admitted to the
British bar, he returned to India and attempted to create a law practice in Bombay, which failed. Two
years after his failure, and India firm with interests in South Africa hired him as a legal adviser to work in
their office in Durban. Once Gandhi arrived in Durban he found himself being treated as a member of an
inferior race. He was shocked at the denial of civil liberties and political rights to Indian immigrants to
South Africa. He then "threw" himself into the struggle for basic rights for Indians.
Gandhi stayed in South Africa for 20 years, being imprisoned many times. In 1896, after being
attacked and beaten by white South Africans, Gandhi began to teach a method of "passive resistance,"
to, the South African authorities. _Part of the inspiration for this method came from the Russian writer
Leo Tolstoy. Christ and Henry David Thoreau, a 19th century American writer, also inspired Gandhi. In
1914 the government of the Union of South Africa made important concessions to Gandhi’’s demands.
They included recognition of Indian marriages and abolition of the poll tax for them. When his work is
South Africa was complete he returned to India. Following World War I, Gandhi launched his movement
of passive resistance to Great Britain. In 1919, the British Parliament passed the Rowlatt Acts, giving
authorities the rights to use emergency powers to deal with revolutionary activities, Gandhi’’s method of
passive resistance spread throughout India gaining millions of followers. A demonstration of the Rowlatt
Act occurred when passive resistance was subjected to British forces who then massacred Indians at
Amritsar. In 1920 when the British government didn’’t make amends, Gandhi created an organized group
of noncooperation. Indians in public office resigned, government agencies were boycotted, and Indian
children were withdrawn from government schools. Indian streets were covered with Indians who would
not get up even if beaten by police. Gandhi was then arrested but the British were forced to release him
soon after. The economic aspects of the movement were significant. It resulted in extreme poverty in the
country and almost utter destruction of Indian home industries. In order to quell the poverty Gandhi,
allowed the revival of cottage industries. Gandhi then began using a spinning wheel as a sign of
returning to the simple...