Gandhi's Ideology In The Film Essay

5339 words - 21 pages

Mahatma Gandhi and Indian Cinema

Mahatma Gandhi was a multi-faceted man, one whose writings spanned every subject under the sun, including: agriculture, education, science, sanitation, economics, literature, industry, women, children, health, family planning, religion, and, of course, politics. Many were surprised to learn of his prolific writing, and were astounded to hear that he had probably written more than anyone else in history (his collected works run to over 100 volumes, several hundred pages each).

Mahatma Gandhi was born during an era of progressive evolution of communication technology. Unfortunately, he was born in a country, which was under the clutches of foreign rule. Mahatma Gandhi, was a passionate opponent of modernity and technology, preferring the pencil to the typewriter, the loincloth to the business suit, the plowed field to the belching manufactory, printed words to moving pictures.

Moving pictures made its appearance in India at the beginning of the twentieth century, when the country was poised for major social and political changes. A society that had remained unchanged for centuries was being transformed in the face of technological innovations. Cars, airplanes, radio broadcasts and photograph records had recently been introduced, bringing with them new status symbols as well as access to foreign ideas. At the same time, the press had become a new force in the formation of public opinion as regional language newspapers, including those in Hindi, were being published around the country. It was against this background that cinema arrived. In the decades that followed it was to assume the dimensions of a major socio-cultural force.

Mahatma Gandhi expressed his disapproving ideas on cinema in 1927 when the Indian Cinematograph Committee sent him to him a request accompanied with a questionnaire, on what were his views on cinema. Gandhiji returned the questionnaire with an unfavourable comment in a letter address to T. Rangachriar, Chairman of the Committee, stating he had views to offer as he negated cinema as 'sinful technology'. The letter dated November 12,1927 said:"Even if was so minded, I should be unfit t o answer your questionnaire as I have never been a cinema. But even to outsiders that it has done and is doing is patent. The good if it has done at all, remains to be proved."

He even refused to send a message to a souvenir, which was to be published on the occasion of silver jubilee celebration of Indian cinema in1938. Mahatma 's secretary curtly replied "As a rule Gandhi gives messages only on rare occasions and this is only for a cause whose virtue is ever undoubtful. As for cinema industry, he has the least interest in it and one may not expect a word of appreciation from him."

Gandhi's dislike for cinema appeared a few times in Harijan, a paper edited by him. Gandhi said in an interview published in May 3,1942 issue of the paper. "If I began to organise picketing in respect of them (the...

Find Another Essay On Gandhi's ideology in the Film

The Role of Ideology in the Revolutions of 1848

2357 words - 9 pages The Role of Ideology in the Revolutions of 1848 Year 1848 is described as “mad year” – mad with fight for freedom. Already its first months, in almost all parts of Europe, brought explosion of aims and aspirations, which were accumulated during the after-congress period. Revolutionary movements spread throughout the whole Europe, apart from Russia, where the system of serfdom did not allow any revolts, and Great Britain

The Ideology of Social Construction in The Awakening

2332 words - 9 pages The Awakening by Kate Chopin follows the journey of protagonist Edna Pontellier as she "awakens" from a life of obedience and complacency and rebels against the patriarchal ideology that entraps her. Throughout the novel she strives to fee herself form the stifling obligations and expectations that oppress her, but finds that she is unable to live the free life she desires. This realization causes her to seek freedom in death, instead. In

Explain the differences in ideology between the West and USSR.

858 words - 3 pages other political parties.In the end, differences between the ideology of the West and of the USSR can be separated into politics, economics and culture. The political policies each party had were in direct proportion to the degree of liberty and meritocracy in their respective economic systems and thus the two should be taken into consideration together. The major Western countries had all experienced revolution, constitutionalism and nationalism in

Communist Ideology in The Bolshevik Party from 1917-1934

1072 words - 4 pages Between 1917 to 1934, the Soviet Union was run through Marxist-Leninist Ideology. Although Lenin and Stalin deviated from Marxist thought; the NEP, collectivisation and industrialisation, Lenin’s first decrees and War Communism still followed the main principles that were administered by Marx and Engels in 1850. The Soviet communist movement was in itself an experiment as Lenin and Stalin adopted different methods to overcome the shortfalls

The Emperor and Nationalist Ideology in Meiji Era Japan

2800 words - 11 pages The Emperor and Nationalist Ideology in Meiji Era Japan The Meiji Era in Japan is known as a time of rapid industrialization and Westernization where many institutions of society were realigned in one form or another to be consistent with their Western counterparts. Ironically, at the same time, it was a period of growing nationalistic feelings that began to develop in Japanese society. However, besides being a reactionary or nostalgic

The State of Revolutionary Ideology in Modern-day China

2327 words - 9 pages The State of Revolutionary Ideology in Modern-day China Over the course of history, many violent revolutions have brought forth new leaders and new ideas. They came in a great many forms and in response to a variety of circumstances. However, the Communist Revolution in China remains perhaps the greatest recent example. Not only because it took more than two decades to complete, but also because there was an attempt to institutionalize

Comparing Ideology in Emerson's Self Reliance and Catcher in the Rye

898 words - 4 pages Non-conformist Ideology in Emerson's Self Reliance and Catcher in the Rye      Human beings all around the world are different in many ways. They all have their unique and physical characteristics, as well as different personalities. They each also have different ideas and thoughts on different topics. America is made up of a great amount of diverse people with diverse, even conflicting opinions and ideas. Diversity is a major

How did ideology shape the forces of change in your study of Cuba?

1675 words - 7 pages Ideology is a system of belief reflecting the social needs and aspirations of an individual, group, class, or culture. It is a set of doctrines or beliefs that form the basis of a political, economic, or other system that results in change. Ideologies acts as a catalyst to motivate, encourage and shape the forces of change in Cuba. Ideologies that 'revolutionised' Cuba were different, contradictory and provocative which has lead to conflicts as

The Creative Process in Film

1737 words - 7 pages With this short but very interesting and informative class I have just scratched the surface of the what it takes to make a full fleged film. It takes much more than I had presumed to make a movie in Hollywood. The number of people that it takes to make a minute of a movie let alone the entire movie was astonishing to me. There are many things that it takes to start making a movie but without an idea of some sort there is no movie to be made

Technology in the film Tron

2566 words - 10 pages Technology in the film Tron Introduction The purpose of my project is to discover how technology is represented within the film Tron. To answer this research question, I viewed and analyzed the movie and incorporated information from the text and various websites. While studying this film, I took into consideration factors such as images and language used, how technology is related to society, and what symbols the creator used to

Role of Ideology in Mass Political Movements of the 20th Century

1394 words - 6 pages An ideology is a cluster of ideas, about life, society, or government, which originates in most cases as consciously advocated or dogmatically asserted social, political, or religious slogans or battle crises and which through continuous usage and preachment gradually become the characteristic belief or dogmas of a particular group, party or nationality. The term ideology was apparently coined only about a century and a half ago. The main

Similar Essays

The Sin In Ideology Essay

1715 words - 7 pages fallout of ideology. This can especially be studied through examples from the novel, including the actions and thoughts of Atticus Finch’s children, through the actions of racist whites, and though the beliefs and actions of Atticus himself. Lee takes advantage of the actions of the children in the novel to contribute heavily to symbolism. An early instance of this can be seen when Jem and Scout build a snowman during the winter. Not able to find

Political Ideology In The Media Essay

688 words - 3 pages Throughout many generations and years gone bye the media and presentation of issues by news sources have influenced society’s opinions on moral and governmental issues. Dating back to the writing of the constitution the general public was influenced by what was said in the media presentation. The framers of the American Constitution banned newspaper reporters from hearing any information regarding the constitutional meetings due to the fact

The Ideology Of Columbus In America

2270 words - 9 pages voyage to the Americas in his ship's log, which proves evidence of the clashing of ideology of the Indians he finds there and the Western Europeans of the fifteenth century.James H. Kavanagh says of ideology, "in order even to assure the continuity of its mode of producing material wealth, every society must first assure the reproduction of these class relations themselves." There were four such important ideologies Columbus and his crew brought to

Ideology And Reality In The Movie, The Matrix

2331 words - 9 pages Ideology and Reality in the Movie, The Matrix The matrix, as presented in the eponymous film, operates as an Althusserian Ideological State Apparatus (ISA). The Matrix1 presents a world in which "the state [as] a 'machine' of repression" is made literal where robots rule the land (Althusser 68). It is true that they rule by force (sentinels and agents) and these constitute the Repressive State Apparatus, but their primary force of