Garuda Purana Essay

8531 words - 34 pages

The Garuda Purana
This is a translation of an abridged version of the Garuda Purana. The Garuda Purana is one of the Vishnu Puranas. It is in the form of a dialog between Vishnu and Garuda, the King of Birds. The second section of this Purana (given here) deals with issues connected with death, particularly funeral rites and the metaphysics of reincarnation. Portions of the Garuda Purana are used by some Hindus as funeral liturgy. Indeed, some consider it unlucky to read this text except during funerals.
Of interest are the intermediate states between birth and rebirth, which roughly correspond to the western concepts of Hell and Heaven. Since this was written during the medieval era, it is possible that the writer of this text had contact with Christianity. Earlier Hindu texts do not elaborate about 'hell' and 'heaven,' at least not to this extent, and the subject is completely absent in the oldest texts. Here, the torments of Hell are described in terms that would not be out of place in a Baptist revival tent (or Dante, for that matter). In addition, the four-square city of Yama, the God of Death, is reminiscent of the heavenly city in Revelation. However, these are way stations between incarnations (or, as termed in the Tibetan Book of the Dead, Bardos), not a permanent destination.
The Garuda Purana starts with the details of the afterlife. Following this is an account of funeral procedures, including rituals, the astrological timing of the post-death observances, and ritual gifts. Balancing the extended vision of Hell in the earlier part of the document is a shorter account of the City of Yama. After that is an enumeration of correspondences between the macrocosmos and the human body. The final part of this text is an appeal to self-knowledge as the key to liberation, going beyond austerities and study of the texts. "The fool, not knowing that the truth is seated in himself, is bewildered by the Shastras,--a foolish goatherd, with the young goat under his arm, peers into the well."

THE
GARUDA PURÂṆA (SÂRODDHÂRA)
WITH ENGLISH TRANSLATION
BY
ERNEST WOOD & S.V. SUBRAHMANYAM
AND
AN INTRODUCTION FROM SRIS CHANDRA VASU
Allahabad: Pâṇiṇi Office [1911]
E-book as PDF by Ganesh Rama Kumar NOTICE OF ATTRIBUTION. Scanned at sacred-texts.com, June 2006. Proofed and formatted by John Bruno Hare. This text is in the public domain in the United States because it was published prior to January 1st, 1923. These files may be used for any non-commercial purpose, provided this notice of attribution is left intact in all copies.
CONTENTS No. Chapter Name PAGE 1. The Miseries of the Sinful in this World and the Other 1
2. The Way of Yama 10 3. The Torments of Yama 21 4. The Kinds of Sins which lead to Hell 30 5. The Signs of Sins 38 6. The Miseries of Birth of the Sinful 46 7. Babhruvâhana's Sacrament for the Departed One 52 8. The Gifts for the Dying 61 9. The Rites for the Dying 76 10. The Collecting of the...

Find Another Essay On Garuda Purana

Archetypes in Harry Potter Essay

1112 words - 4 pages Since the publication of Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone in 1997, J.K. Rowling’s best-selling series has become enormously popular, evidenced in part by its translation into more than seventy languages (Plunkett). As its popularity has increased, it has been held in correspondingly higher esteem until Harry Potter finally joined the likes of Peter Pan and Robin Hood, and Rowling’s series was unofficially labeled Children’s Literature. Due

Conflicting Themes in The Poetry of W. B. Yeats

1447 words - 6 pages In analysing the poetry of W.B. Yeats, I have come to understand the multiple conflicting themes and positions he presents in his poetry. However, my understanding has been influenced most by Yeats’s exploration of key conflicts in ageing along with political anarchy. These are conveyed respectively in the poems “Wild Swans at Coole” (1916) and “Leda and the Swan” (1923), using the central symbol of the swan. In “Wild Swans at Coole”, Yeats

Efficacy of Portable Head CT Scan in the Neuroscience Intensive Care Unit

1447 words - 6 pages Introduction: Portable Computed Tomography (CT) studies are an important component used to manage, assess and diagnose CNS diseases, and acute brain injuries, in the Neuroscience ICU (NICU). The portable device is designed specifically for head and neck scans for critically ill patients that are at risk for complications and increased morbidity during intrahospital transportation. Research has found evidence which substantiates that

Review of Graham's Magazine

1277 words - 5 pages Graham’s Lady’s and Gentleman’s Magazine (Graham’s) is a monthly published literary periodical although it allots other fields including engravings, fashion, and music to a small portion. This magazine deals with variety of literary fields from short stories, poetry, and essays handle various tastes from belles-lettres to sentimental literature. During those periods, the contributors to the magazine, in addition to numerous writers who exist only

History and Effectiveness of Victim Rights Legislation and Programs

1546 words - 6 pages Victim’s Rights Policy All the components of the criminal justice have the same goal in mind: preventing and fighting crime. Preventing and fighting crime also includes providing services for the victims of the crimes. Although the main focus on the criminal justice system is to arrest, prosecute and rehabilitate the criminal, many forget to focus on the victim. The National Organization for Victims Assistance was found in 1975 and is the oldest

Psychology of State-Sponsored Violence

1719 words - 7 pages Psychology of State-Sponsored Violence State-sponsored violence has led to some of the most horrendous human right crimes such as genocide and torture. These crimes are often under the constant fire of debate as scholars try to reason as to why they occur. However, the debates of genocide and torture are not exclusively attributed to the fact that they occur, but also, as to why people participate in these acts to begin with. Contrary to

The Importance of Childhood Vaccination

1483 words - 6 pages Since the introduction of vaccinations, medical science has managed to all but eliminate many formally fatal and debilitating childhood illnesses in countries where the immunization of children is nearly universal. Diseases such as measles, mumps, diphtheria, rubella and polio have been relegated to a marginal status in developed countries with active immunization campaigns; smallpox is actually considered to have been completely eliminated from

The Azusa Street revival of 1906 to 1909

2527 words - 10 pages The Azusa Street revival of 1906 to 1909 was an event that popularised the practice of charismatic worship first in the United States and eventually throughout the Christian world. However, representations of the revival in the early years of the 20th century were biased, and distorted the events that occurred. Early believers portrayed the revival as an eschatological narrative in which the power of God came down to earth and revolutionised the

The Limits of Software Liability

1600 words - 6 pages "Faulty software can cost lives, cause injury, or economic damage. Write an essay to investigate the question, under which circumstances a software company should be liable for the damage caused. Use an example where software failures are potentially dangerous, such as that of the Prius's brake software. Discuss the difference between strict and negligent liability and comment on the social and economic impact stricter liability practices for

Human Torture SHOULD Be Legal

1930 words - 8 pages Despite the unconstitutionality of the practice, torture has had a presence throughout our nation’s history. From the Salem witch trials of 1692, in which Giles Corey was pressed to death, to the twenty-first century waterboarding of terrorist suspects, the United States has not always lived up to the ideal that torture should never be used for any purpose. The popular culture image of a man being beaten by police officers in a locked room

Technical Writing and Test Prep: An Examination of Technical Writing in The Real ACT Prep Guide

1667 words - 7 pages Developed in the 1950s as a response to an increased interest in post-secondary education due to the G.I. Bill, the American College Testing Program, known today as ACT, was a non- profit, tax-exempt organization which provided standardized testing services meant to “help students make better decisions about which colleges to attend and which programs to study, and provide information helpful to colleges both in the process of admitting students

Similar Essays

Vaishnavism: Brief Insight Into One Of The Main Branches Of Hinduism

2322 words - 10 pages dimension. Surprisingly, Varaha is depicted as ferocious as Narasimha in the icons found at Avantipura. Towards this stage of Vaikuntha iconography there are three stages.They are Bija Mantra, 18 syllabled Murti Mantra and Dhyana Mantra.The Vaikuntha cult spread from the Ganga-Jamuna plain to present Bangladesh. The Vaikuntha form of Vishnu is a complex form of Vishnu and is also known as Vaikuntha Chaturmurthi. In the “Vishnudharmottara Purana

Hinduism Essay

3381 words - 14 pages of the Puranas, Brahma is said to have issued from a lotus that sprang from the navel of Vishnu.In picture Brahma is represented as a red man with four heads, though in the Puranas he is said to have had originally five. He is dressed in white raiment, and rides upon a goose. In one hand he carries a staff, in the other a dish for receiving alms. A legend in the 'Matsya Purana', gives the following account of the formation of his numerous heads

Effective Educational Practices Essay

2419 words - 10 pages Due to the very nature of educators all across this nation being in an age where accountability is the driving force behind educational systems, leaders must look at changing the way they do things by doing educational research to meet the standards of No Child Left Behind (NCLB). According to Lodico, Spaulding, & Voeglte (2010), meeting NCLB requirements makes knowledge of educational research an essential component of professional preparation

Family Therapy Involving An Alcoholic Parent

1724 words - 7 pages One in five adults can identify with growing up with an alcoholic relative and Twenty-eight million Americans have one parent abusing or dependent on alcoholic (Walker, & Lee, 1998). There are devastating and ubiquitous effects of alcoholism, which vary from psychological, social, or biological problems for families. Counselor’s treating this problem all agree that the relationships within a family, especially between a parent and a child is