Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Essay

1110 words - 5 pages

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a chronic digestive disease that happens when stomach acid, or even bile back flows (refluxes) into the food pipe, which is called the esophagus. The flow back of acid irritates the lining of the esophagus and results in signs and symptoms of GERD (Mayo Clinic, 2014).
Signs and Symptoms of GERD includes:
Signs and symptoms of GERD includes but not limited to, heartburn- A burning sensation in your chest which often sometimes radiate to the throat, hoarseness or sore throat, Acid reflux -regurgitation of food or sour liquid, and a lump in the throat sensation (Mayo Clinic, 2014).
Cause of GERD
GERD is caused by frequent ...view middle of the document...

These changes are associated with an increased risk of esophageal cancer. The risk of cancer is low, but the doctor will likely recommend regular endoscopy exams to look for early warning signs of esophageal cancer (Mayo Clinic, 2014, para.5).
Treatment
The treatment for GERD often starts with over the counter medication that control stomach acid. When over the counter medications is not effective other treatments such as prescribe medications and possible surgical interventions maybe be recommended.

Gastritis
Gastritis refers to conditions in which inflammation of the lining of the stomach occurs. Gastritis is often a result of infection with bacterium that causes most stomach ulcers, injury to the stomach, and regular use of certain pain relievers or drinking too much alcohol. There can be a sudden onset (acute gastritis) or it can occur slowly over time (chronic gastritis) (Mayo Clinic, 2014).
Signs and Symptoms
Signs and symptoms of gastritis includes indigestion- burning ache or pain in the upper abdomen, nausea/ vomiting, a sensation of fullness in the upper abdomen after a meal, at times there are no signs or symptoms ( Mayo Clinic, 2014).
Causes
Gastritis develops because the stomach's protective layer is weakened or damaged. In the stomach there is a mucus-lined barrier that protects the wall of the stomach from the acids that help digest food, when this barrier becomes weaken the barrier allows the digestive juices to damage and inflame the stomach lining. There are also diseases and conditions that can weaken or damage the stomach protective barrier, increasing the risk of gastritis (Mayo Clinic, 2014).

Risk Factors
Risk factors for gastritis includes bacterial infection with Helicobacter pylori, regular use of pain relievers, older age, excessive alcohol use, stress, bile reflux disease, autoimmune disease and other diseases and conditions such as HIV/AIDS, crohn's disease and parasitic infections (Mayo Clinic, 2014)
Complications
Gastritis that is not treated or treated appropriately can lead to stomach ulcers/stomach bleeding and increased the risk of stomach cancer (Mayo Clinic, 2014).
Treatments
Treatment of gastritis includes antibiotic medications to kill H. pylori, medications that block acid production and promote healing such as proton pump inhibitors, medications to reduce acid production and antacids that neutralize stomach acid (Mayo Clinic, 2014).

Peptic ulcer disease

Open sores that develops on the inside lining of the...

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