01 How does Interpretation B differ from Interpretation A about Hitler’s appeal to the people of Germany? Explain you answer using Interpretations A and B. [4 marks]
Interpretation A suggests that Hitler was an effective orator and offered an alternative to the communist threat. For example, Speer says ‘it swept away our doubts… The Perils of communism could be stopped.’ Therefore, this shows Hitler’s use of their fears to gain support.
Whereas Interpretation B implies that Hitler’s rise to power is because of his exploitation of the Great Depression and the Wall Street Crash. For example, Schliff states ‘Hitler owes his rise…to the World Economic Crisis’ suggesting that the economic difficulties made it possible for Hitler to have appeal with the masses.
Commentary – Level 2
This answer contains a developed analysis of both interpretations and reaches the top of a Level 2.
02 Why might the authors of Interpretations A and B have a different interpretation about Hitler’s appeal to the people of Germany? Explain your answer using interpretations A and B and your contextual knowledge. [4 marks]
Interpretation A and B have different interpretations because they are written by different authors who had different experiences and beliefs which have affected their views. For instance, Speer worked for Hitler as Nazi Minister for weapons and therefore speaks more positively of Hitler’s rise to power and how it stopped the ‘peril of communism’. Whereas Interpretation B is written by Schliff, who was a socialist and therefore takes a more negative view of Hitler’s rise as he would want to justify how the masses ended up supporting him instead of socialism. Also, Interpretation A was written in 1960, while Speer was in prison for war crimes, which may lead him to justify his actions attempting to reduce his accountability. Although Schliff also write after the war, he was not directly involved and so his motive is more to do with his opposing view point and the popular opinion after the war.
Commentary – Level 2
This answer contains a developed analysis of the provenance of both interpretations and reaches the top of a Level 2.
03 Which interpretation do you find more convincing about Hitler’s appeal to the people of Germany? Explain your answer using Interpretations A and B and your contextual knowledge. [8 marks]
Firstly, interpretation A is quite convincing due to the way it talks of Hitler being “hypnotic and persuasive” as Hitler was a very good public speaker which was the reason he joined the Nazis in the first place. This convinces me as the reason Hitler became so popular was due to his public speeches, therefore it is easy to believe how he would appeal to the German public through his talent that brought him to fame. Also, the fact that it talks about stopping communism – “the peril of communism could be stopped”, shows how they wanted to remain capitalist and stop communism. This is...