This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Gender And Lung Cancer Essay

1363 words - 6 pages

Literature Review
Lung cancer is the growth of abnormal cells in the lungs; it can either be in one or also in both. The growth of the lungs makes it easier for tumors to grow in them, which then causes cancer. Some symptoms that a person with lung cancer experiences is the following: coughing, pain in chest, shortness of breath, changes in voice, harsh sounds when breathing etc. There are different causes of lunch cancer in humans, the number one cause would be tobacco smoking, and other causes would be exposure to radon, secondhand smoke and air pollution (Zang, & Wynder, 1996). Another risk factor would be work place exposure to asbestos, diesel exhaust and other strong chemicals. For example, Kaphingst, Lachance, and Condit (2009) state that there are cases in which lung cancer occurs in younger people who may not be exposed to these factors but have certain genetic changes that can also be a cause.
There may also be random events that cause lung cancer, which researchers are still trying to figure out (Weinstein, Marcus, & Moser, 2005). Researchers are continuing to find better ways of treating and caring for patients who are diagnosed or and at risk to getting lung cancer. In this study we will be looking into the following research questions regarding lung cancer and its relation to gender. Our first research question would be who is more prone to lung cancer, men or women. The null hypothesis would be that there is no difference between gender and lung cancer.
Methods
This study will be looking into gender differences being related to lung cancer. Studies look into gender differences because of the leveling off of men being diagnosed with lung cancer and the continuing rise of women being diagnosed with lung cancer (Healy, 2014). Our independent variable in this study would be lung cancer, which is a nominal variable, and our dependent variables would be gender, which is a nominal variable. The variables used in this study are connected to the information on the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) because it is regarding a health issue that has been an ongoing research study for years.
Measures
Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS). For this study we will be using the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS). This survey gathers data that accesses an individual’s information on their personal experience regarding the specific diagnosed cancer. Our study being conducted will be using HINTS 1 (2003) and HINTS 2 (2005). HINTS 1 had a sample size of an estimated amount of 6369 participants and HINTS 2 had a sample size of an estimated amount of 5586 participants. Both HINTS (2003 and 2005) surveys used random digit dialing (RDD) and computer assisted telephone interview (CATI). The RDD and CATI survey were used by the operator calling the participants and asking the survey questions. The participants answered the survey questions by dialing the number key corresponding to the correct answer.
Results...

Find Another Essay On Gender and Lung Cancer

Lung Cancer and Bone Metastasis Essay

1166 words - 5 pages Case Assessment Lung Cancer and Bone Metastasis According to the Canadian Cancer Society (2014h), there are two main types of lung cancer: Non-small cell lung cancer, the most common and grows more slowly; and small cell lung cancer, grows quickly and often spreads to distant parts of the body. The progression of lung cancer could be spreading from the lung to other parts of body, where they can grow into new tumours, which called metastasis

Cigarette Smoking and Lung Cancer Essay

816 words - 4 pages thousands of people dying each year from the long term effects of tobacco. This country has taken a focus to begin to legalize marijuana; however, the focus should change to this negative element of our economy. Cigarettes should be illegal in the United States for its extensive damage to the body and it’s near guaranteed cause of death. In 1919, there was the first discovery of lung cancer. Dr. George Dock asked his students to come and observe

Lung Cancer: Addiction to Cigarettes and Nicotine

1689 words - 7 pages in for all the physical issues the body has been caused, there is only more money wasted on something that could have been so easily prevented. Smoking is a giant money pit with no reward at the end. Smoking causes many, many illnesses and problems within the body. Lung cancer is one of the most common diseases smokers end up with. The reason for this is clear; when the smoke is inhaled into the lungs, the toxins from the cigarette are then

Gastric Cancer and Gender, Age and Race

1989 words - 8 pages cases and breast cancer's 232,670 estimated new cases, gastric cancer has a significant impact worldwide, being the cancer with the second highest mortality rate ("New Targeted Drug," 2014; "SEER Stat Fact," 2013). To illustrate, gender can make a significant difference in mortality ratios. Gastric cancer is almost twice as likely to kill men than women. In 2006 - 2010, gastric cancer accounted for 4.9 out of 10,000 deaths in males while only

Gender and the Rates of Cancer

840 words - 4 pages Cancer is very prevalent in America. It is one of the many diseases still left without a cure. Men and women all the around world are affected by this disease as it continues to spread. There are many different types of cancer that impact both men and women such as pancreatic, lung, breast, skin, and many more types of cancer. Bailar and Gornik say that despite decades of basic and clinical research and trials of promising new therapies, cancer

Is There a Significant Difference in Lung Cancer Rates Between Males and Females that Smoke

975 words - 4 pages if there was a significant difference in lung cancer rates between males and females. My Dependent Variable was lung cancer and it seems like most respondents agreed that those who smoke regardless of the gender will have the same risk at developing lung cancer or any other type of cancer. Statistics: The statistics software I used was the HINTS 2003 survey instrument in which I then selected the tobacco topic and it gave me a list of questions

America's Leading Cancer Killer: Lung Cancer

1385 words - 6 pages sponge-like cone shaped organs in the chest. The purpose of the lungs is to help one breathe. Oxygen comes into the lungs and travels through the windpipe. The windpipe (also referred to as the trachea) divides into two tubes called the bronchi. When a patient has lung cancer, the cancer forms on the tissue of the lungs, most often in the cells that border the air passages. Lung cancer occurs when cells in the lungs grow and multiply uncontrollably

Lung Cancer

1201 words - 5 pages Lung cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in one or both lungs. These abnormal cells do not carry out the functions of normal lung cells and do not develop into healthy lung tissue. As they grow, the abnormal cells can form tumors and interfere with the functioning of the lung, which provides oxygen to the body via the blood. Lung cancer is the number one cause of cancer deaths in the both men and women worldwide. Lung cancer has

Overview of Lung cancer

1043 words - 4 pages cancer is very common and very deadly. The following common symptoms of lung cancer may include excessive coughing, chest pain, shortness in breath, hoarse voice, swelling on the face and neck, unexplained loss of appetite and tiredness. It may be hard to determine, if a person has a lung cancer. The person needs to be aware of his body and see a doctor as soon as possible. The used of x-ray is commonly used for most patients, providing a visual if

Lung Cancer

616 words - 2 pages Every year, over 160 000 people in the US alone die just because of lung cancer. Just because of lung cancer, many adulthoods have been cut short; just because of lung cancer, many families have been ripped apart; just because of lung cancer, many people will now have to face treatments that will change their lives forever. Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among men and second highest among women. Of the thousands that it claims

The Truth about Lung Cancer

1585 words - 7 pages Do you know what Lung Cancer is? Expanding your knowledge on Lung Cancer can save your life or the life of someone you may know. Learning about the demographics and statistics of lung cancer might make you realize that it is a serious issue that should be taken more into consideration. Here, you will get an understanding on how to prevent lung cancer from happening, and you will also learn how to treat lung cancer if diagnosed. Lung Cancer

Similar Essays

Lung Cancer: The Relationship Between Gender, Age, And Ethnicity

1149 words - 5 pages across different races? Or is it found to occur more frequently among a particular race?” The independent variables gender and race/ethnicity are both on a nominal scale. The dependent variable of likeliness to develop lung cancer is on an ordinal scale. The hypothesis to the first research question is that women are more likely than men to be diagnosed with lung cancer. The hypothesis to the second research question is no, a diagnosis of lung cancer

Smoking And Lung Cancer Essay

994 words - 4 pages Lung cancer it is the cancer of the lungs. It it is cause by smoking and second hand smoking and radon . Lung cancer the cancer that kills more people every year that any other cancer combined and has the highest death rate of all and every cancers every year. Two sponge or saclike respiratory in most vertebrate in your chest area with the heart functioning to take out carbon dioxide from the blood and give it oxygen. a major disease cause

Smoking And Lung Cancer Essay

1447 words - 6 pages Smoking and Lung Cancer Lung Cancer accounts for fifteen percent of all cancer cases, and an estimated 170,000 people in the United States get lung cancer a year. (5)About 155,000 of those people die from the cancer. Recently, the rate of women affected by lung cancer has increased, while the rate of men affected has decreased. However, lung cancer is the leading cancer that kills both women and men. (1) So, what is lung cancer? Lung

Tobacco Use And Lung Cancer Essay

2592 words - 10 pages Lung Cancer      Lung cancer is the leading cancer killer among both men and women. There are two different types of lung cancer: nonsmall cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer. There are also many different things that can cause lung cancer, but the number one cause for lung cancer is tobacco use.      What is lung cancer? This is a question that a lot of people are still asking. Lung