This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Gender Development Essay

1678 words - 7 pages

Freud makes a claim for the formation of femininity through his explanation of psychical development during child sexuality. He explains that he does not wish to give an account for who a women is but only how she becomes feminine from her bisexual tendencies. Freud femininity theory raises speculation since develops it within the context of masculinity. He claims a girl’s turning point in her sexuality is when she realizes she has been castrated and develop a penis envy. This raises concerns since it automatically places the male, at least the male organs, at a hierarchal advantage. Nevertheless, Freud’s theory can be justify within a social-psychological perspective, considering a girl is ...view middle of the document...

According to Freud, when the girl discovers that the boy as a penis, the girl’s “self-love is mortified by the comparison with the boy’s far superior equipment and in consequence she renounces the masturbatory satisfaction from her clitoris” (126). She develops a castration anxiety, where she feels inferior to the boy since she feels like he can get more pleasure from his penis. Therefore, little girls develop penis envy when they discover they are biologically different than boys and have to switch their zone of eroticism in order to become feminine.
In addition to switching the zone of eroticism, girls must also switch their object of love in order to achieve femininity from their mothers to their fathers. According to Freud, all children first object of love is their mother. The mother is the first caretaker as well as the first, unintentional, seducer of the child. Since “a child’s demands for love are immoderate, they make exclusive claims and tolerate no sharing”, the child develops hostility toward the mother when she is not completely dedicated to the child (123). The first instance of hostility comes when the mother stops breastfeeding the child. Freud claims, that the hostility is not about nourishment but instead that the child’s loss of the mother’s breaths creates a pain he or she cannot get over. The second reproach comes if the mother as a second child, the first child loses some maternal signs of care, since the mother as to provide care for the second child, which leave the child “grievance against the faithless mother” (123). The child feels like they have lost the love from their mother. A third hostility comes from the restriction the mother places on the child to control his libido desires during the phallic phase, or when she prohibits the child’s masturbation. The child develops the “disappointment in love, the jealousy, [and] the seduction followed by prohibitions” (124). Since boys also experience this hostility and do not turn them away from their mothers, Freud further develop his theory of penis envy for the creation of femininity. When girls realize that they do not have a penis, they “hold their mother’s responsible for their lack of the penis and do not forgive her for being thus put at a disadvantage” (60 A little girl comes to a turning point when she discovers she is castrated and she follows one of three different tracks. One track leads to either neurosis or sexual inhibition, another to a masculinity complex, and the thirds to normal femininity. Then girls turn away from their mother as their object of love and replace them with their father, developing the Oedipus complex. This realization of castration switches the girl’s pre-Oedipus complex from desiring their father since he has a penis. If the psychical development of femininity follows a normal track, the little girl must desire to carry her father’s child. Therefore, little girl become femininity requires her development of penis envy so that she...

Find Another Essay On gender development

Reading in the Development of Imagination and Gender

1487 words - 6 pages the story Ramona Quimby, Age 8 by Beverly Cleary, deception as to which crowd the book was intended is shown throughout the story. The books unique style has the ability to capture both young boys and young girls. By containing general phrases and avoiding specific representations of boys and girls, the structure of the book allows children to view the book not in a sense of gender but rather in a sense of fun, educational and exciting. Ramona

Child Development and Learning Gender Differences in Play

2071 words - 8 pages Ladd, G. (eds.) Peer realtionships in child development. Malden:Blackwell, (pp. 286-306) Holub, S., Tisak,M and Mullins, D. (2008). Gender Differences in Children's hero Attributions: Personal Hero Choices and Evaluations of Typical Male and Female Heroes. Sex Roles. 58 (7-8), 567-578. Langlois, J. and Downs, A. (1980) Mothers, fathers, and peers as socialization agents of sex-typed play behaviours in young children. Child Development, 51, (pp

Naturalistic Observation of Toy Store And the Effects on Gender Role Development

1039 words - 5 pages ethnic toy was of a collection of toy sets that featured an African-American girl who was a doctor. For the most part, the data observed seemed to fall into either the gender schema or the more recent social-cognitive theory of gender role development. According to C. Estelle Campenni (1999), “Gender stereotyping of children's toys may influence the development of gender schematic role identity in children and may play a part in the differences

Victorian Era Gender Roles and the Development of Women’s Football in England

1270 words - 5 pages The development of women’s football in Britain during the 19th century illustrates the transformation of gender roles in British culture in the context of Victorian era values and women’s football: “‘The Cultures of sport in Britain have been distinctively male, rooted in masculine values and patriarchal exclusiveness’” Through the introduction of female football into British society the system of Victorian values were challenged by expanding

History and Development of Policies on Gender Issues in Iran and Saudi Arabia

2676 words - 11 pages different, yet controversial policies in respects to gender issues. Thus, this essay will take a look at the historical and contextual development of these policies in each country. Next, it will take a close look at the development of gender policies, particularly focusing on the post-1979 period, and the reasons for such development. Finally, it will discuss and compare contemporary policies in a similar manner. In the case of Saudi Arabia, it

Personal Reflection of Gender, Race, and Sexual Orientation Development During my College Years

2767 words - 12 pages Introduction This refection paper focus on my own experiences related to gender, race, and sexual orientation development during my college years. My reflection will be grounded on three theories: Josselson’s theory of women id development, Ferdman and Gallegos Latino/Latina identity development, and Worthington et al.’s model of heterosexual identity development. These theories offered me a unique opportunity to reflect and develop my own

The Human Development Index (HDI) vs the Gender Inequality Index (GII)

4578 words - 18 pages Gender Inequality, 2012. Web. 30 July 2013. http://genderindex.org/country/cote-d039ivoire "Escola De Cultura De Pau." Escola De Cultura De Pau. Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, June 2011. Web. 13 May 2013. . "Human Development Reports - United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)." Indices & Data. United Nations Devlopment Program, 2013. Web. 29 Oct. 2013.

Compare and contrast TWO theories of gender role development. Make use of examples from the psychological research to illustrate your discussion

1362 words - 5 pages One of the most interesting aspects of young infants is the development of the sense of gender. Infants begin to understand gender from 18 months. They start to notice some distinguishable characteristics such as clothes or hair. The first gender concept they recognize is gender identity, which is simply labelling self and others as male or female. From the age of two, children realize that sex is something what we cannot change and it persist

Gender Identity Conflict

708 words - 3 pages In the story "X: A Fabulous Child’s Story," a child is raised as an X. An X is a child who is assigned to a neutral gender by its parents and scientists. The parents of X raise the child to both girl and boy standards. This, however, is just a story. Raising a child with an assigned gender is impossible. Many factors go into the development of gender and gender identity. Theorists state that the issue of gender identity is based on

Gender Acquisition in Early Childhood

2371 words - 10 pages modeling and experience (individual and cultural) affecting gender acquisition. However, the only unbiased way to assess gender identity is by taking into account both biological and environmental factors (McCabe, 2007). This paper focuses on gender identity in early childhood development. Biological Factors in Gender Identity Gender is determined during fertilization with the sperm carrying the distinguishing chromosome. If a the male sperm

Gender Socialization: Is family or society more to blame?

599 words - 3 pages . There are subsystems within the family that interact with the child’s gender development: parent-child dyad(s), marriage, siblings, and extended family (McHale et al., 2003). “Children observe and compare the roles and activities of their mothers and fathers and use these experiences to construct their own schemas about gender roles,” but children also observe and acquire information about gender roles and gender norms from exposure to other

Similar Essays

Gender And Development Essay

1783 words - 7 pages Gender-role development is one of the most important areas of human development. The moment a women finds out she is pregnant she is often anxious to find out the sex of her child. The definitions of the terms "sex" and "gender" need to be understood. The term "sex" denotes the actual physical makeup of individuals that define them as male or female. Sex is determined by genetic makeup, internal reproductive organs, the organization of the

Gender Role Development Essay

1170 words - 5 pages Gender Role Development I am a man, or maybe I'm a male, no wait I am a guy, although my parents still call me a boy, unless you ask an old person then I am a young man. Frankly, I don't know, understand, or care what I am because most importantly I'm me. My generation has numerous problems and some of the most pressing issues involve sex and gender. It appears we have some confusion on who's what and why, and I can see why this

Compare And Contrast Two Theories Of Gender Role Development

1505 words - 6 pages Compare and contrast two theories of gender role development A dominant debate in current psychological research is one on gender development. Psychologists try to understand relative importance of social and cognitive factors. Various theories are brought up in this field and in this essay two of the most standard theory in this field are going to be explained. The theories covered in this essay relate to aspects of children’s thinking that

Gender Development And Differences From The Perspectives Of Psychology

1708 words - 7 pages Outline the views of evolutionary psychologists, social constructionists and Freudiansregarding gender development and/or gender differences, and examine whether suchviews are complementary or competing.IntroductionWhat is to be a man or a woman? How do different perspectives of psychology view gender development and gender differences. This essay will be looking at the three perspectives on sex and gender. Then it will then go on to compare and