Gender Differences Focusing On Psychology Essay

720 words - 3 pages

Although men and women lead primarily the same lives today, there are concealed gender roles in place from years past. In the past, males and females have not been given the same rights and responsibilities and it is not due to only one factor. Men and women differ due to the evolution of gender differences, genetic, and social differences.Primitive humans initially assigned roles to men and women due to their physical and psychological capabilities, gender stereotypes today descended from these primitive people."All the universal characteristics of men's and women's roles derive from this (women caring for children and men hunting) primitive division of labor. The social structure which evolved from this division of labor then socialized men and women so that their personalities and inclinations fit consistently with the structure." (Clark, 1980, ch17)The initial roles were defined by the capabilities of the genders. Women cared for the children because they had the nurturing capabilities and men governed the communities and provided the food. Once the responsibilities of the males and females were acknowledged, they were passed on. "Distinct social roles ... were passed on to following generations by social processes of conditioning until the roles seemed natural, and even supernaturally preordained." (Clark, 1980, ch17) The responsibility of women to care for the children did not change over the years. Until recently, women have been the parent who stays at home and the male has been the one who makes a living to support the family. Now men and women both work and usually neither are purely accountable for caring for the children. Men today are in more leadership positions than women. Although the division of genders started in prehistoric times, the same divisions are essentially still in place.Males and females differ genetically in their emotional and bodily characteristics. "Differences in brain structure (between males and females) have been discovered, but it is not always clear what function they serve." (Bland, 2002, 5) Males tend to be more physically and verbally aggressive, competitive and dominant. Relationally aggressive, empathetic, sympathetic nurturing and compliant are more feminine characteristics. Males and females also have different body types, which held the basis for the initial gender roles. Males are more muscular so they are more capable of physical labor. The...

Find Another Essay On Gender Differences focusing on Psychology

The Sexual Double Standard : How Men and Women are perceived according to their Gender.

1258 words - 6 pages : stigma mediates gender differences in acceptance of casual sex offers. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 38(1), 392-407. Fugere, A.M., & Escoto, C. & Cousins, J.A & Riggs, L,M & Haerich, P(2008). Sexual attitudes and double standards : A literature review focusing on participant gender and ethnic background. Sexuality & Culture , 12(3), 169-182. Garcia, J.R., & Reiber, C. (2008). Hook-up behavior: A biopsychosocial perspective. Journal of

The Sexual Double Standard : How Men and Women Are Perceived According to Their Gender.

1546 words - 7 pages . Sexuality and Culture, 17(4), 686-704. Conley, D.T, & Ziegler, A.& Moors, A. (2013). Backlash from the bedroom : stigma mediates gender differences in acceptance of casual sex offers. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 38(1), 392-407. Fugere, A.M., & Escoto, C. & Cousins, J.A & Riggs, L,M & Haerich, P(2008). Sexual attitudes and double standards : A literature review focusing on participant gender and ethnic background. Sexuality & Culture , 12(3

'Sex' And 'gender' And The Relationship Between Them

1839 words - 8 pages perspectives focusing on similarities and differences regarding their accounts of sex and gender. Finally need to consider the ways in which these perspectives compliment, conflict or simply co-exist with one another.Often the term sex and gender are used interchangeably. Often this usage has lead to confusion therefore we have to begin by attempting to draw a distinction between the terms for discussing psychological perspectives in this paper

Trait Differences in Sexes, Temperament and Cultures

1634 words - 7 pages . (2001). Gender differences in personality traits across cultures: Robust and surprising findings. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81(2), 322-331. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.81.2.322 Davies, A. C., & Shackelford, T. K. (2006). An evolutionary psychological perspective on gender similarities and differences. American Psychologist, 61(6), 640-641. Else-Quest, N. M., Hyde, J., Goldsmith, H., & Van Hulle, C. A. (2006). Gender differences in

what is psychology?

947 words - 4 pages psychology, health psychology, neuropsychology, counseling psychology or occupational psychology etc. However, clinical psychology and counseling psychology are the two main aspects which focusing on emotional problems. Clinical Psychology is mainly focusing on assessment, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mental disorders. It often works in a medical setting. However, Clinical psychologists are not doctors as they cannot provide medicine

Gender and Sexual Insensitivity

1506 words - 6 pages simply reflect our prejudices. Moreover, instead of focusing everything on social structures, such as gender, SES, and ethnicity, we should be focusing on the similarities between people and treat each other with the same respect and provide equal rights and opportunities. It reveals the road towards gender equality and mutual respect is still long. Works Cited Dragowski, E. A., Scharrón-del Rio, M.,R., & Sandigorsky, A. L. (2011

Gender Differences in Mathematics and Science Learning

616 words - 3 pages from research studies focusing on single-gender or mixed-gender effects from the public school sector will assist teachers and policymakers in providing the best instruction for both males and females. This study examined students’ academic self-concept, self-efficacy, and school climate perceptions while they participated in single-gender and mixed-gender science and mathematics classes. We explored effects of all- female and all-male single

Compare and Contrast Two Theories of Gender Role Development

1505 words - 6 pages Compare and contrast two theories of gender role development A dominant debate in current psychological research is one on gender development. Psychologists try to understand relative importance of social and cognitive factors. Various theories are brought up in this field and in this essay two of the most standard theory in this field are going to be explained. The theories covered in this essay relate to aspects of children’s thinking that

ADHD in Girls

1050 words - 4 pages :1 than 5:1.Experts believe that many girls with ADHD go undiagnosed. Dr. Quinn points out that studies show that 75% of girls with ADHD are missed. Girls with ADHD often demonstrate different less noticeable symptoms. Since most of the research to date has been on boys, there is much to be learned about how the disorder may affect boys and girls differently.Results of the first national survey to explore gender differences in ADHD were released

Gender, Genes and Culture

632 words - 3 pages In an era of globalization, society plays a huge emphasis on human diversity. There is a focus exclusively on visible ethnic differences such as weight, hair, skin tone, and facial features. These characteristics are described under two main dimensions– gender and race. Gender is the characteristics people associate with male and female. Our gender encompasses a complex weave of beliefs, behaviors and stereotypes. Men and women are more similar

Are women more risk averse than men? Analyses with data from professional tennis

9030 words - 36 pages differences in risk-takingThis chapter gives an overview of relevant literature on risk taking with particular focus on gender differences in risk taking.Originally being a phenomenon of psychology and sociology, risk taking is of particular interest to economists as well. That is why, basically, two strands of literature on gender difference in risk aversion exist. One group of studies deals with psychological and sociological research on risk

Similar Essays

Gender Development And Differences From The Perspectives Of Psychology

1708 words - 7 pages Outline the views of evolutionary psychologists, social constructionists and Freudiansregarding gender development and/or gender differences, and examine whether suchviews are complementary or competing.IntroductionWhat is to be a man or a woman? How do different perspectives of psychology view gender development and gender differences. This essay will be looking at the three perspectives on sex and gender. Then it will then go on to compare and

Gender Differences On Memory Essay

1926 words - 8 pages . (2013). Memory and Digit Span Experiment among Psychology Students in Lagos State, Nigeria. IFE Psychologia, 21(1), 30-39. Akotia, C., & Anum, A. (2012). The Moderating Effects of Age and Education on Gender Differences on Gender Role Perceptions. Gender & Behaviour, 10(2), 5022-5043. Banks, L. E. (2010). Gender Differences in Short-Term Memory. Kennesaw State University. González-Garrido, A. A., Gómez-Velázquez, F. R., Sequeira, H., Ramos

Research Study On Gender Differences Essay

1254 words - 5 pages two of the textbook is titled, “ Gender Difference in Facial Reaction to Fear-relevant Stimuli”. The focus of this was to discover whether females are predominantly more facially reactive than males, or whether females are more emotionally reactive in general, as reflected even by non-facial reactions such as autonomic responding and emotional experience. (Thunberg & Dimberg)      In previous research on nonverbal

Primed Social Roles On Gender Differences In Conformity

1634 words - 7 pages and Development Dynamics: Comment on Lickliter and Honeycutt. Psychological Bulletin, 129(6), 848-853. Steinfeldt J., Zakrajsek, Carter, and Steinfeldt M. (2011). Conformity to Gender Norms Among Female Student-Athletes: Implications for Body Image. Psychology of Men & Masculinity, 12(4), 401-416. Eno, C. (2010). The Influence of Primed Social Roles on Gender Differences in Conformity (Doctoral dissertation). http://acumen.lib.ua.edu/content/u0015/0000001/0000398/u0015_0000001_0000398.pdf Burn and Ward. (2005). Men’s Conformity to Traditional Masculinity and Relationship Satisfaction. Psychology of Men & Masculinity, 6(4), 254-263.