This experiment consisted of 32 participants, of which 17 were male and 15 female, with a mean age of 19.8 (SD=0.87). Students selected from a variety of courses at the University of Aberdeen were recruited as participants.
Information was collected using a simple questionnaire consisting of 9, questions based on a Likert scale ranging from 0 (Strongly Disagree) to 4 (Strongly Agree). The layout of the Likert portion of the questionnaire was based on a similar structure to the Revised Life Orientation Test (Bridges, Carver & Scheier, 1994). 3 Yes or No questions were also included. An example of the questionnaire is shown in figure 1.
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The results from the Likert structured questionnaire was calculated using a independent samples t-test in order to determine any significant difference between the mean responses for each gender. These calculations were computed using IMB SPSS Statistics.
The independent samples t-test showed that out of the nine questions in the likert portion of the questionnaire, two showed a significant result using a two-tailed hypothesis. Question 1, (t(32)= .030, p