This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Gender Differences In Visual And Tactile Line Bisection

2372 words - 9 pages

Gender Differences in Visual and Tactile Line Bisection


Gender Differences in Visual and Tactile Line Bisection: Attentional Bias
in Normal Subjects

Attentional bias in line bisections may be influenced by the position of the stimulus, the type of stimulus, and the gender of the bisector. Past research has found that below eye level bisection stimuli is biased away from the body in the visual mode, and towards the body in the tactile mode. Above eye level bisections have not been significantly biased in either direction due to a cancellation of the object centered bias by the body centered bias. Research has also concluded that no gender differences are statistically significant in attentional bias studies, using line bisection tasks. This report suggests that gender differences are statistically significant in favor of male subjects, when using above eye level stimuli, and when using tactile stimuli. Overall, however, these differences become statistically insignificant, when combined with below eye level tasks and visual tasks. Current findings also point to a trend towards supporting past research findings which state that in below eye level bisections both males and females are biased away from the body in the visual mode, and towards the body in the tactile mode.

Gender Differences in Visual and Tactile Line Bisections: Attentional Bias
in Normal Subjects
The act of survival requires humans to pay attention to their surroundings. In order to pay attention to surroundings, one must allocate resources of attention to the space around one's body. Taking a common sense approach, the sense of vision and the sense of touch would be the candidates for "most important senses in terms of survival". For example, imagine a primitive hunter trying to catch prey, using only his sense of smell; or imagine someone trying to build a hut, without the use of sensitive fingers to wield tools. Vision is generally used as a means to detect and interpret objects at a distance, whereas, touch is used to detect and interpret objects which are relatively close to the body. Historically, visual and tactile attention have been studied along a left-right horizontal axis (Shelton, Bowers, & Heilman, 1990 as cited in Geldmacher & Heilman, 1994); however, there has been a recent expansion of this research, into the vertical and radial axes. The current study will attempt to confirm the findings of Geldmacher and Heilman (1994), Jeerakathil and Kirk (1994), and Drain and Reuter-Lorenz (1996) that below eye level bisection stimuli will be biased away from the body (far peripersonal space) in the visual mode, and towards the body (near peripersonal space) in the tactile mode. Above eye level bisections should not be significantly biased, however, due to a cancellation of biases --i.e., the object centered bias nullifies body centered...

Find Another Essay On Gender Differences in Visual and Tactile Line Bisection

Gender Differences in Behavior Essay

1426 words - 6 pages In order to determine the gender differences in behavior in boys and girls, I observed seven activities for ten minutes, taking a total of five observations of the numbers of boys and girls each activity. This experiment took place on October 9th from 4’ o’clock to 4’ ten at County Elementary School. I performed this experiment in the school’s After School Program because having a smaller sample size is easier to keep count and

Gender Differences in Smiling Essay

1345 words - 5 pages Gender Differences in Smiling For many years, gender and gender role differences have been extremely popular topics of study in the psychological field. Everyone seems interested in knowing is there is any truth to the popularized statement and book title, Women are from Venus, Men are from Mars. Studies have found so many differences between men and women it leaves one wondering in what areas are men and women alike. One

Gender Differences in India

1227 words - 5 pages I chose India to provide a data. I would like to discus about male and female work opportunities, education differences, supports, and in politics. I am expecting to provide the negative and positive things about male and female difference in my native country. I choose this statistics because they matter in our daily life. The statistics I have chosen for my assignment will build an interest in reader to read my assignment. The family and

Gender Differences in Communication

707 words - 3 pages People from all races, backgrounds, and societies, around the world have had two things in common since the beginning of time: the existence of both males and females, and the compulsion to communicate between the two. The subject of gender differences appears to have occupied peoples' interest for as long as people have been putting their thoughts in writing, from as far back as the writing of the creation of Adam and Eve, to its present-day

Gender differences in sexuality

2087 words - 9 pages Introduction When choosing a topic for this paper, I wanted to make sure I chose a topic that would be of interest to me as well as a topic I could gather the most knowledge from. Before I began writing. I perceived sexuality as just the differences between how sexual men are and how sexual women are. However after further research, I have seen that not only are there gender differences in sexuality, but there are also differences in

Gender Differences in Sports

2987 words - 12 pages between perfectionism and an athlete “burning out.” Without introducing implication of gender differences and the competitiveness that naturally in today’s society occur, studies observed the athlete just training to compete in a contest. Athletes seemed to fear over negative evaluation; they heightened perceived threats to self, recognition from others, and the avoidance of disapproval which dominated the approval process. This in turn showed

Gender Differences and Inequality

748 words - 3 pages Tanaka’s paper aimed at discussing the issue of gender difference and possible inequality in the context of Japanese language under formal setting (Tanaka 2009). The objective of this essay is to find out whether Japanese language had changed over time on the aspect of different language strategies and methods adopted by different genders. Firstly, statistics of allocation of talks and times of interruptions were gathered from ten formal

Gender Differences and Expectations When Engaging in Casual Sex Encounters

1508 words - 6 pages differences to isolate causes for this sex difference. In the future, a study that incorporates the he effects of age, alcohol consumption and gender differences would be effective in identifying patterns of casual sex in teenagers, a topic that requires more research.

Child Development and Learning Gender Differences in Play

2071 words - 8 pages well as from personal preferences and interests. The idea of sex and gender differences is one of importance and the reasoning behind it provided an insight to the way our society supports girls and boys in different manners. A number of differences can be taken when comparing how girls and boys play including the role models they choose to copy, either a male or female, how physical the play is and the other classmates that children choose to

Gender differences in the Tempest and Things Fall Apart

1104 words - 4 pages In every society, the difference between genders leads to different roles and lifestyles depending on the culture of each society. While there may be similarities between gender roles among many societies, the explanations tend to be different from culture to culture. The society depicted in Chinua Achebe’s Things Fall Apart is reminiscent of an Ancient Greek or Roman society, where the men are considered to be strong warriors and breadwinners

Social learning and gender differences in violent crimes

2031 words - 8 pages IntroductionThe Uniform Crime Report statistics suggest that males commit more violent crime than females. The UCR is used to show trends in crime over time (Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2002). The gender difference in violent offenses is illustrated through Social Learning Theory. To understand violent criminal behavior we must examine perceptual thoughts, expectancies, competencies and values. (Bartol, 2002) This paper discusses social

Similar Essays

Differences In Visual Spatial Ability Among Females And Males

1986 words - 8 pages testing, males scored significantly higher then females in the timed testing section. There was no difference found in visual spatial ability between males and females during the untimed testing (Goldstein, Haldane, Mitchell 1990). Differences in Visual Spatial 4 Studies comparing the gender and visual spatial recognition along with different fields of study; Peters, Laeng, Jackson, Zaiyouna, and Richardson (1995) conducted a spatial

Gender Differences In Mathematics And Science Learning

616 words - 3 pages Gender problems adjoining mathematics and science learning have been investigated for decades. Nevertheless, the current climate calls for even more research endeavors to contest statements and beliefs that “innate differences between men and women might be one reason fewer women succeed in science and math careers”. This particular belief may be challenged from the success of all-girl private school environments where 90% of the student

Gender Differences In Learning And Education

2195 words - 9 pages Gender differences occur in many aspects of a person’s life whether it is culture, politics, occupation, family and relationships, or the economy (just to name a few). One major difference in gender occurs in learning and education in the elementary and secondary levels. Research has found that males and females learn differently in many aspects of education. First of all, female and male brains are constructed differently affecting the way they

Gender Differences And Behavior In Schools

1936 words - 8 pages What “area” have you chosen as the focus for your level 6 research project, why do you think this is worthy of research? My level six research project will be looking into behaviour in schools; this will also carry an element of individual and, correspondingly, gender differences. This is worthy of research as even though there has been a vast amount of research completed already, about behaviour, this specific topic is somewhat less researched