Genders Differ in Language Use
The purpose of the study, including the specific research question studied:
Language Learning Strategies (LLS) are the activities or actions that learners take in order to effectively receive, store, retrieve and use information that they gain. Learners take such actions in order to facilitate faster and easier learning as well as make learning more enjoyable and effective (Mahamod et al., 2009). According to Mahamod et al. (2009), gender results into differences in Language Learning Strategies with studies showing that, females are better in using Language Learning Strategies than males. There however exists differing views in which some studies indicate that there is no difference in the use of Language Learning Strategies between genders. In addition, other studies, according to Mahamod et al. (2009), indicate more use of Language Learning Strategies by males than females.
The aim of this study was to determine whether there exist differences between the genders in the use of Language Learning Strategies. This would then clarify the existing dilemma regarding use of Language Learning Strategies by males and females. The research study aimed at answering various questions in the attempt to identify the existence of difference in use of Language Learning Strategies between genders.
First, the study attempted to seek if there was any difference in the use of overall Language Learning Strategies between male and female Arabic Students. Secondly, the research study attempted to answer the question as to whether male and female Arabic students depicted any difference in use of seven categories of Language Learning Strategies. These seven categories of Language Learning Strategies include memory strategies, cognitive strategies, compensation strategies, metacognitive strategies, affective strategies, social strategies and metaphysic strategies (Mahamod et al., 2009).
The methodology and the participants of the research study:
The researchers started by stating two null hypotheses that were to be tested. The first null hypothesis assumed lack of significant difference between male and female students in the use of overall Language Learning Strategies. The other null hypothesis stated that use of Language Learning Strategies was not different between male and female students. The researchers then used 457 students studying Arabic language to test the two null hypotheses. All the students came from the same level (form four) of who 230 were females and 227 being males.
Instruments used for the research study:
The task here was to gather background information about the students and the use of Language Learning Strategies by the students. To do this, the researchers presented questionnaires to students. The researchers decided to use Malay language in the questionnaires in order that failure to understand language would not affect students’ response. The questionnaires contained seven items or categories that the...