Gender disparities and maternal health
Underlying mean of the health problems in our country, are poverty and poor education. Differences in socioeconomic status are seen for most conditions, diseases and sick factors in this country. The social distribution of health and social causes, which most effect health, must be understood and addressed. Total public and private health expenditure in Pakistan represents 2-3 %of the gross domestic product. (GDP). In 1990, less then 1% of GDP was allocated to public health care with private expenditure accounting for the rest. This is well below international standards because of the low levels of expending; it becomes critical to evaluate the impact of government policies of people’s health. In addition to direct provision of various governments influence health delivery in indirect ways through their policies towards medical education and regulations.
Maternal health has been seen as an issue of immediate concern for the developing countries. Socio-cultural factors in many developing countries particularly; those in Asia are leading to increased maternal mortality due to poor health. This fact can be seen from the social and cultural trends in these countries because of these factors various disabilities, inadequacies and even deaths are increasing. Differential in socio-economic status are seen for most conditions diseases and risk factors in this country. The social distribution of health and the social causes, which most affect health, must be understood and addressed.
In Pakistan, there are estimated 300 to 640 maternal deaths per 100,000 and annually 30,000 mothers die in every 20 minutes. Many more suffer to other disabilities and diseases. Unfortunately, the overall picture about the health status of people of Pakistan is not encouraging, about half of the population does not have an access to basic health facilities and women are more vulnerable to this situation. Because of biological and cultural factorsi.e.early marriages and resistance to family planning, women die during pregnancy. Different socioeconomic and cultural factors such as norms of purdah, ignorance and traditional beliefs create hindrance in seeking health care facilities. Men are the beneficiary to the protection and care of their family and a decision makers, they are the promoters and providers of health care facilities to their families. The government policies effectively try to involve the male also to improve reproductive health of women.
Maternal health is an integrated part of primary health care for women in their reproductive age in which antenatal period has a significance importance, seeking health care is a personal decision but such decision get influenced from culture and social set up in which a person is socialized. Every society has to...