This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Gender Equality And Communism Essay

2350 words - 9 pages

Gender Equality and Communism

Equality for women was a pillar of the ideology of communist regimes that ascended to power in Eastern Central Europe with Soviet support following World War II. Since religion was declared illegitimate by communist theory, marriage was not considered sacred; rather, it was deemed a capitalist mechanism for oppressing women. Thus, communist regimes began instituting policies intended to facilitate gender equality. However, the actual methods employed by communist regimes to encourage equality for women had varying effects (e.g., incorporation of women into the labor force). Furthermore, it appears that many communist regimes encouraged gender equality in theory, but promoted a traditional patriarchal family hierarchy in practice. Indeed, the vary nature of bureaucratic soviet-style communism may be considered to be patriarchal. This contradiction between communist theory and practice concerning gender equality is evident in the films: Loves of a Blond, Man is Not a Bird, and Adoption.

In her book entitled Women’s Equality, Work, and Family in the Czech Republic, Alena Heitlinger asserts,

“ … Czechoslovakia adopted a Marxist-Leninist approach to women’s equality … based on Friedrich Engels’ hypothesis that the emancipation of women would result from the abolition of private property, the productive employment of women, and the socialization of private domestic work and child care [which would give time for self-realization in public life]” (88).

This hypothesis may have proved successful, but the principles it was based on were never fully implemented. The first part of the hypothesis hinged on the abolition of private property, a goal that the communist regimes managed to largely achieve. However, the second and third parts of the hypothesis relied on the incorporation of women as productive workers into the economy and the socialization of housework and child rearing. These goals were never fully realized because the communist regimes failed to discourage traditional patriarchal principles amongst their citizens. Consequently, women worked in inferior occupational fields and suffered wage discrimination in the workforce. Additionally, women received little assistance with family responsibilities despite the additional responsibilities they incurred from their incorporation into the economy.

The inability of communist regimes to suppress traditional patriarchal hierarchies may have stemmed from the patriarchal nature of communist socialism. In her book entitled From Parent State to Family Patriarchs: Gender and Nation in Contemporary Eastern Europe, Katherine Verdery states that, “… socialist paternalism constructed its “nation” on an implicit view of society as a family, headed by a “wise” Party that, in a paternal guise, made all the family’s allocative decisions …” (229). While communist regimes did in fact employ large percentages of their female populations, they...

Find Another Essay On Gender Equality and Communism

Women’S Struggles In Gender Equality And Workforce

1696 words - 7 pages Hoang PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 1 Women's Struggles in Gender Equality and WorkforceOver the years, although there has been a significant increase in the number of women in the workforce, gender inequality has made it difficult for females to find well-paying unconventional jobs in the workforce. Overtime, women has increased their numbers significantly in the workforce. Coming from a Vietnamese and Chinese background in Vietnam, there were not very

Contemporary Issues-Gender and Race Equality Essay

2045 words - 8 pages Gender and Race Equality PAGE 9 Contemporary Issues-Gender and Race EqualityTanya LaForceUniversity of PhoenixCJA/313 Contemporary Issues in Criminal JusticeBrian BuggeSeptember 6, 2008Contemporary Issues-Gender and Race EqualityGender and Race Equality as it relates to the Criminal Justice system has many areas of interest. One can look at it from the stand point of an offender. Some will look at it from the prospective of the victim. Another

Promoting Gender Equality and Empowering Women

1125 words - 5 pages women. If it took me that long to find out how sexist, a developed country is how long will it take everyone. It is common knowledge, that life is better, but it is not common knowledge that the discrimination is the same. That was when I had my doubts, will there be any foundations that promote gender equality and empower Canadian women, since Canada is a very privileged and developed country. I would think, people would want to help the

The Relation Between Gender Equality and Economic Growth

3772 words - 15 pages INTRODUCTION This essay is mainly based on Åsa Löfström´s report Gender equality, economic growth and employment. Åsa Löfström is the Associate Professor at the Department of Economics at the Umeå University in Sweden. During the conference on Female Employment and Economic growths, which took part in Stockholm on 12th September 2013, she presented main questions connected to her report, published in 2009. First question was of whether female

Billie Jean King: Life Lessons and Gender Equality

1315 words - 6 pages The book I chose to read for this assignment was Pressure Is A Privilege: Lessons I’ve Learned from Life and the Battle of the Sexes, by Billy Jean King. The book chronicles the lessons Billy Jean King, a tennis legend and advocate for gender equality, learned from family, friends, and mentors growing up, as well as her efforts to help the women’s movement in the 1960s and 1970s. King writes that the lessons she learned as a child and young

Modernization’s Effects on Gender Equality in China and India

1558 words - 6 pages examine the subtle nature of gender roles across different cultures. Throughout the 20th century, gender equality increased significantly in China and remained relatively stagnant in India. This discrepancy, however, is not due to a greater opportunity for demand politics from women in China. Rather, women’s empowerment in China was a mere vehicle for economic production, a progressive transformation for the sake Maoist goals. India, on the other

Ida B Wells: Fighting For Racial and Gender Equality

3938 words - 16 pages for $25.00 a month. She then moved to Memphis Tennessee for a higher paying job while being taken care of by her Aunt Fannie and friends and other family took care of her younger siblings. While Ida was in Memphis she began to fight for gender and racial justice. While Ida was on the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad Company Train she was asked by the conductor to move to the “Jim Crow” car which was essentially the African – American coach and

Gender Equality in Islam And Christianity

1476 words - 6 pages them to gardens beneath which rivers flow as reward from Allah , and Allah has with Him the best reward" (3:195). The Quran also states that men and women are created from the same soul, have the same religious responsibilities, and both will receive like rewards on the day of judgment. In fact, Islamic law condemns oppression of any kind, including women. So despite the Quran’s clear support for women’s rights and equality, why do many people

Feminism and Gender Identities in Post Communistic Eastern Europe

849 words - 4 pages There is a problem with women’s view of gender identity in post communistic Eastern Europe. In the post-communism era there has been a promotion of gender difference rather than equality, where the status of women has regressed. There has been a lack of availability for economic opportunities and female representation in politics. These issues are addressed in the articles; ‘Incorporating Gendered Identities into Transition Studies,’ ‘Women in


593 words - 2 pages the jobs, saving the nation billions of welfare. In theory, communism has many benefits for the people under the nation.In summary, in theory, communism holds forth the promise of economic and social equality. However, once it is put into practice, this beneficial system can develop many shortcomings. Based on recent historical developments in Russia and China, it appears that "if" communism works at all, it can survive only if all other countries are communist.

African Feminism

651 words - 3 pages husbands or husband’s being unemployed. These concepts of being a woman and living in a room are making no sense with the current issues with community becoming bleak and no money to support, women are obliged to choose feminism than communism. Equality in justice is fair, but there are few gender differences which need to be analyzed, a man cannot give birth to a child, similarly a woman cannot go to war; with women getting more feminists

Similar Essays

Gender Equality And Equal Opportunity Essay

2324 words - 10 pages The concept of gender equality and equal opportunity has been debated for decades and been part of the community’s key principle. This essay will be discussing issues on gender inequality and other forms of discrimination in the workplace in Australia concentrating particularly on Australia and New Zealand Banking Group (ANZ). This essay will also be discussing on what implications have been done by ANZ Bank to solve the discrimination that has

Gender Equality And The Law Essay

1073 words - 4 pages Gender Equality and the Law One of Ruth Bader Ginsburg’s primary goals of the Women’s Rights Project’s litigation was to prove that stereotypical treatment of gender under the law was unconstitutional. It was Ginsburg’s goal to make the Court realize that “the law’s differential treatment of men and women, rationalized as reflecting “natural” differences between the sexes, historically had tended to contribute to women’s subordination

Educational Leader And Gender Equality Essay

1901 words - 8 pages have been handed down as they relate to religion. Most, as Koppelman (2014) points out, “would challenge schools to eliminate their Christian bias and become more secular” (p. 153). I would be supportive of any policy as long as it promoted equality for all religious groups and did not cause a disruption to the school day. 5. How do I plan to address gender equity issues in your school? One way that I plan to address the gender equity issue

Analysis Gender Equality And Gender Discrimination

1049 words - 4 pages , domestic abuse, and lack of deserved human rights and it is limiting human advancement. However, the fight for gender equality didn’t really come into light until the suffragette movement in the 19th century, and the major goal was for women to gain equal voting rights. That doesn’t include indistinguishable salaries, and other essential rights. In the instance of wage gaps, for example, the 1999 United States Census Bureau reported that women