Gender Equity In Education Essay

3313 words - 13 pages

Gender equity in terms of education is about the socialization of men and women and the results of this process on the life outcomes of the two genders (Husen & Postlethwaite, 1994). In the United States, the education system is required to treat males and females equally. There has been much research done to compare the genders in all areas. In the past, research has found that women fall far behind men in many areas such as math, and science, but men lag behind women in certain areas as well. Over the years, many provisions have been made with the goal of equalizing the treatment of girls and boys in public education. These improvements are proven successful as women, as well as men, are advancing in areas where they tend to lag behind. “ ‘If you look back 30 years, there has been significant progress in all areas.’ she [Sundra Flansburg, director of the Women’s Equity Act Resource Center] said ‘But we have to recognize that a huge amount of work needs to be done before we have gender equitable education’ ” (Isherwood, 2002) The purpose of this research paper is to examine the improvements made for gender equity in education and the gap that remains.

The Past of the Gender Equity Battle

The battle over gender equity in education is not a new issue, but has been a continuous fight for well over a century. In 1881, a group of college graduates met in Boston to discuss enhancing the opportunities for women in America. This group formed the American Association of University Women, or the A.A.U.W. Over the years, the A.A.U.W. has worked for the equal education of both girls and boys. Their first big success was the Education Amendments of 1972, which included Title IX (Lawton, 1994). Title IX stated that “No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, or denied benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving federal assistance” (Zittleman, 2002). This law was most famous for it’s application to college athletics, but also applied to all levels of education.

Two years later, congress enacted the Women’s Educational Equity Act (WEEA), which was designed to set up a network to assist Title IX and to provide grants to help defeat gender bias (Equity Online: WEEA Equity Resource Center, 2002). Basically, this act was the backbone to ensure that Title IX was improving the education system, as intended. The WEEA, in conjunction with Title IX led to enormous changes in public education, and advancements for women in athletics, and academics.

About a decade after Title IX, in 1983, a landmark study was conducted by the Department of Education. This study, called “A Nation at Risk,” used a testing method called the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) to evaluate schools and check for gender and minority discrepancies (Jehlen, 2001). In the late 1980’s the A.A.U.W. began to concentrate on funding research on...

Find Another Essay On Gender Equity in Education

Gender Equity in Math and Science

2793 words - 11 pages be done to help correct it. Everything I've read so far states that a gender gap exists in science, while opinions about math vary. I found a paper on the Internet from the National Center for Education Statistics called “Trends In Educational Equity of Girls & Women.” Using information from NAEP this source states that between 1973 and 1994 academic achievement of females in math was about equal to males (NCES, 2000). The NCES

Gender Equity in Health and Health Care

2727 words - 11 pages people of different class, social economic status, age, gender, education, sexual orientation and ethnicity having access to the health care resources needed to achieve their health potential. It is about reducing, structural and health system barriers that contribute to health disparities (Daly, Armstrong, Braedley, & Oliver, 2008). Even though, the report states the important of equity in health care it still has failed to take women fully into

Gender Equity Influences in HIV Infection in South Africa

2338 words - 9 pages difficult and bathrooms potentially dangerous (Mitchell, 100). Gender Equity in South African Education 1994-2004 depicts middle school-aged girls showing areas of their school they felt were safe and unsafe. One girl stood in a bathroom stall and made a big “X” with her arms (Mitchell, 97). Violence against girls in school is a pervasive problem, and one statistic showed that over 30% of girls are raped at school (Mitchell, 96). The

Gender In Education

2613 words - 10 pages research and Comparison Paper.Retrieved July 17th, 2004 from -gender%20issues.htmlPhelps-Borrowman, Martha C. Gender Equity in education., Romona (2003). Critical Literacy and Science Education: Gender and Race. Retrieved July 20,2004 from http:// journal2003/Critical%20Literacy.pdfWomen's College Coalition (n.d.). Expect the Best From a Girl. That's What You'll Get. Retrieved July 18th,2004 from

Gender Difference in Education

1422 words - 6 pages In the past decade, research showed that in the process of education in some countries, girls do better than boys, this problem was called ‘a boy’s problem’. The Dutch Ministry of Education published the study which examines the boys’ and girls’ position in primary school based on previous studies (Driessen, Langen, 2013). As a matter of fact, this problem is not a new question, and there are many discussions about gender differences. An

Gender Inequity in Education

4111 words - 16 pages "male-only" jobs. Similarly, the place for females was considered to be at home taking care of the children, rather than attending university or going to work. Today, however, things are different. The outlook for the future is much brighter. Females can pursue any career they choose. They are given equal opportunities as males in work and in school, aren't they? After all, as David Sadker points out in "Gender Equity: Still Knocking at the

Gender Roles in Education

1654 words - 7 pages that education is itself a sexist institution perhaps explain why there is this inequality once schooling is finished. The fact that textbooks show males as being more successful than females, that teachers set assignments which reinforce gender stereotypes and sex roles, the fact that 'masculine' behaviour is reinforced while 'feminine' behaviour is condemned, and the fact that women are encouraged to choose certain career paths all validate the claim that the gender inequality in employment situations can be directly related to the way that children are educated.

Gender Differences in Learning and Education

2195 words - 9 pages Gender differences occur in many aspects of a person’s life whether it is culture, politics, occupation, family and relationships, or the economy (just to name a few). One major difference in gender occurs in learning and education in the elementary and secondary levels. Research has found that males and females learn differently in many aspects of education. First of all, female and male brains are constructed differently affecting the way they

Disparities in Higher Education: Leadership and Gender

3212 words - 13 pages higher education institutions from 2008 to 2013. The findings indicated that 43% of senior administrative leaders are women, an increase over 2008 when women held 40% of those positions (American Council on Education 2013). Barriers to Advancement Sociocultural contexts, including differing perspectives on gender, culture, and ethnicity, play a role in the development of women leaders in higher education (Madden 2005). Airini et al (2011

Education: A Path to Gender Equality in Labor Markets

1673 words - 7 pages . 8th April. 2011. Melkas, Helina, et all. Towards Gender Equity in Japanese and Nordic Labor Markets: A Tale of Two Paths. July 2003. Web. 8th April. 2011. Malhotra, Anju, et all. Impact of investments in female education on gender equality. International Center for Research on Women. 27th August. 2003. Web. 8th April. 2011. Percheski, Christine. “Opting out? Cohort Differences in Professional Women's Employment Rates from 1960 to 2005

The Issues of Race, Gender, Class and Homophobia in Physical Education

2615 words - 10 pages autism in a physical education class is to provide opportunities for them to develop the skills necessary to play games and activities with their peers-those with disabilities and those without." (p. 162) I feel like a student with disability should feel like they are part of the physical education class by adapting some of the activities to his/her needs. There were probably three groups that did gender and sports but what struck me

Similar Essays

Gender Equity In Education Essay

1803 words - 7 pages Gender Equity in Education Gender equity issues in mathematics and science have been the focus of many educators and researchers for years. Women have often been denied an equal education in math and science for many reasons. Parents and teachers must realize this fact and change their habits wherever necessary. Girls must be given the same opportunity as boys from the beginning, particularly in math and science where girls tend to lag

Gender Equity In Sports Essay

2825 words - 11 pages is known as the "Equity in Sports Act." The law states, "No student shall, on the basis of gender, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, be treated differently from another student, or otherwise be discriminated against in any interscholastic or intramural athletics offered by a local school system, and no local school system shall provide any such athletics separately on such basis" (

Equity In Higher Education Essay

6294 words - 25 pages Equity in Higher Education Equity in Higher Education In the United States, higher education has yielded considerable value to individuals and society. The societal benefits of higher education include knowledge creation, economic well-being and productivity of citizens, and direct expenditures by the institutions, their employees, and their students, which impact local economies. Education has long been an essential foundation of

Gender Equity In College Sports Essay

1181 words - 5 pages Gender Equity in College Sports “Gender Equality In College Sports?” An on going issue facing education today is the growing controversial topic of gender equality in sports participation and it’s so call quota for achieving equality. The most notable action that has taken place as women continue to strive towards equality in the athletic realm is what is known as, Title IX. The basic ideas underlying Title IX are that “if an