This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Gender Equity Influences In Hiv Infection In South Africa

2338 words - 9 pages

Healthcare During Apartheid
Beginning in the late 1940s, black Africans living in South Africa became targeted by the government and were subjected to exploitative laws based on the color of their skin. They made up 80% of the population at the time (Scrubb). Africans were forced to relocate and live in primarily rural areas that were separate from white South Africans, called Bantustans (Scrubb). The South African government let each Bantustan take control over its own healthcare, which allowed for the government to escape responsibility for how they were run. Without government regulation, healthcare in Bantustans was very poor and sanitary guidelines were often ignored (Scrubb). Blacks who lived in urban areas were allowed to access better healthcare, if only to prevent the spread of disease to whites living in the same area.
Huge healthcare disparities existed; there was one physician for every 330 whites, as compared to one physician for 91,000 blacks (Scrubb). Clinics in rural areas were understaffed and overcrowded and workers in these clinics tended to be undertrained. Many who worked in public healthcare moved to private healthcare to work in better conditions and receive better pay, leaving those in Bantustans with little access to acceptable healthcare (Scrubb). HIV entered South Africa in 1982 and was present mainly in homosexual circles (Scrubb). By 1990 the rate of HIV infection in heterosexuals had surpassed homosexuals and infection rates had drastically increased (Scrubb). During the fall of apartheid, the government did not have the means to combat rising infection rates.
HIV Post-Apartheid
After the fall of apartheid, there was hope for a fight against the HIV epidemic and access to better healthcare (Johnson, 108). The African National Congress (ANC) was elected through democratic means in 1994 (Johnson, 108). They won by an overwhelming majority due in part to their platform that every individual had a right to health, and it was the responsibility of the government to provide that opportunity (Mbali, 5). Before the ANC’s election, NGOs, researchers, and health workers worked with anti-apartheid factions to try to stem the epidemic (Johnson, 109). It was hoped that a democratic new government would cooperate to better fight the virus and provide relief to those already living with it. Little the government did to slow the spread of HIV was effective for the next decade. The prevalence rates rose from 2.2% in 1992 to 26.5% in 2002, which made South Africa the country with the fastest growing HIV infection rates in the world. It did not help that at a time when infection rates could have potentially been curbed (1990-1995), there was no effective government or health department well established enough to effectively do so (Mgoba, 1171).
South Africa’s wealth had little to do with the ineffectiveness of its HIV prevention programs. South Africa is relatively wealthy when compared to other African...

Find Another Essay On Gender Equity Influences in HIV Infection in South Africa

AIDS/HIV in South Africa Write an essay about a problem in a specific country in Africa

873 words - 3 pages percent and then to 60 to 80 percent. This view also assumes that no one would listen to the explanation of education. When people are told about a specific way HIV is bad and how you can get the death rate for that specific situation goes down. It is working in America, why not in South Africa? Finally, unlike this viewpoint, my plan would give people who are living with HIV right now a much better chance of living.One is for people who have it now

AIDS/HIV problem in South Africa. Tackling the problem from a new perspective

2078 words - 8 pages motivation is the protect it's own people from a disease threatening to it's population not because it was pursuing profit.HIV/AIDS infection rate in South Africa is the highest in the world and thus a serious problem. The United Nations reports an estimated 7.5 million HIV/AIDS patients by the year 2010 in South Africa. This number is so huge it portrays the scale of the problem. In another study published by "Women's International Network News

What are the effects of gender based violence in south Africa? - Sociology - Essay

281 words - 2 pages . · What are the key focus areas/objectives that are addressed? AIM OF SRSA: To maximise access, development and excellence at all levels of participation in Sport and Rec. to improve Social cohesion, Nation building and the quality of life of all South Africans. Key Objectives/ Focus Areas that were addressed: · Goal statement 1: Citizens access sport and recreation activities such that there is an annual increase of 5% in sport and

HIV/AIDS Public Health Policies: A Comparison Between South Africa and Cuba

1336 words - 5 pages HIV/AIDS is still a current public health concern for all countries of the world. Research has helped progress the education and treatment of the virus, but some areas of the world still have difficulty with this public health concern. Out of all developing countries, South Africa has one of the highest percentages of their population living with HIV/AIDS while Cuba has one of the lowest percentages of their population living with the virus. In

HIV in Africa

672 words - 3 pages million people were living with HIV. Sub-Saharan Africa remains the most severely-affected regions and accounts for 69% of people (22.9 million) living with HIV worldwide. [9] In 2010 alone, 1.2 million people died from AIDS in the region and 1.9 million people was tested to be HIV-positive. There are many reasons behind the prevalence of HIV in Africa, one of which is their culture. In Africa, it is traditionally accepted for both men and women to

Gender Equity in Education

1803 words - 7 pages Gender Equity in Education Gender equity issues in mathematics and science have been the focus of many educators and researchers for years. Women have often been denied an equal education in math and science for many reasons. Parents and teachers must realize this fact and change their habits wherever necessary. Girls must be given the same opportunity as boys from the beginning, particularly in math and science where girls tend to lag

Gender Equity in Education

3313 words - 13 pages Gender equity in terms of education is about the socialization of men and women and the results of this process on the life outcomes of the two genders (Husen & Postlethwaite, 1994). In the United States, the education system is required to treat males and females equally. There has been much research done to compare the genders in all areas. In the past, research has found that women fall far behind men in many areas such as math, and

Gender Equity in Sports

2825 words - 11 pages is known as the "Equity in Sports Act." The law states, "No student shall, on the basis of gender, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, be treated differently from another student, or otherwise be discriminated against in any interscholastic or intramural athletics offered by a local school system, and no local school system shall provide any such athletics separately on such basis" (

Gender Equity in STEM

777 words - 4 pages understanding of personal strengths. Partnering with the local college heightened enthusiasm and helped bridge connections with all students. Through these efforts, students in a low socioeconomic school setting were encouraged to believe in themselves and take steps toward future goals. The intent of this project was to promote gender equity in STEM coursework providing all students enhanced postsecondary opportunities. Working with a predominantly

AIDS/HIV Epidemic In Africa

1177 words - 5 pages Epidemic in Africa", Cichocki, Mark."Young Women in Sub-Saharan Africa Face a High Risk of HIV Infection"Population Reference Bureau, 2007. Lori Ashford"What Caused Sub-Saharan Africa's Marginalization in World Trade?" World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 1586"African Map". 2007, Wikipedia.

Apartheid in South Africa

1600 words - 6 pages given the protection they deserved. Security and crime was still a huge issue that took place in South Africa from 1994 and onward. The crises of the apartheid period took new forms, but have not yet disappeared from South Africa completely. The high levels of crime and inequality included xenophobia, interracial and interethnic tensions, community unrest, and the impact of HIV/AIDS. Daily insecurity is an unfortunate tie that linked

Similar Essays

Hiv In South Africa V. Uganda

2193 words - 9 pages infection. As mentioned above, the spread of disease from mother to child was becoming an increasing problem in South Africa: by 2000, the prevalence of HIV among pregnant women had risen to nearly 21%; one rural community in South Africa saw a prevalence of HIV, among pregnant women aged 20 to 24, increase to 51% by 2001. The increase did not only impact pregnant women, however; this had become a pandemic among all subgroups across South Africa. The

Transition Of Gender Identities In South Africa

1292 words - 5 pages There has been much discussion about gender and the many different identities linked to it. Gender is the term used to describe the type of sex that a particular person identifies them self with. This sex can either be male or female. However, we live in a society with people having multiple identities. Therefore, I agree with the statement which states that gender identities are in transition in South Africa today. Many South Africans are

The Gender Identity Transition In South Africa

1016 words - 5 pages executive positions. There have also been new policies implemented such as laws on domestic violence, and reproductive rights. Many of these achievements could be attributed to the work of the (WNC). The future for gender identities in South Africa, could effectively take two alternative paths. One being that the society remains stagnated as a patriarchal one or alternatively a society that shows an active transition in accepting different

Life Expectancy In South Africa And Hiv/Aids

1126 words - 5 pages ). It is estimated that HIV infection rate in South Africa is increasing by 20 percent of the adult population and it is projected to increase further causing a mortality crisis (Karim S & Karim Q, 2011). Although AIDS has several mode of transmission, sexual transmission is arguably the most significant. With the increase in HIV/AIDS infected persons in South Africa posing a problem to life expectancy, a possible solution is the use of the