Gender Gap In Pay Essay

1998 words - 8 pages

Gender Pay Gap also referred to as Gender wage gap, gender income difference or male-female income difference refers to the difference between the earning of men and women (Victoria, 2006). The European Union defines the Gender Pay gap as the difference between men and women’s hourly earnings (OECD, 2012). The difference may be measured on hourly, weekly, monthly, or yearly earning. The difference is expressed as a percentage of the men’s earning. However, the difference varies from one industry to another, from one country to another and from one age group to another. On average, men earn higher than women do across different sectors and nations.
Gender Gap Pay per country
i. United States of America
The United States has one of the highest gender pay gaps among the developed countries. In the country, the gender pay gap is measured as the ratio of female to males yearly earning among workers in full-time, year round (FTYR) earnings. In 2009, female FTYR earned 77% (0.77) as much as the FTYR male workers (US Census Bureau, 2013). The history of Gender Gap earning reveals USA has made big strides towards reducing the gender pay gap from 1980. For instance, in 1980 the gender pay gap ratio was 0.62 while in 1990, the gap stood at 0.72. Further from 1990 to 2000, the gap reduced to 0.73 and then to 0.77 in 2009. Currently, the gender pay gap stands at 0.76 and continues to persist (US Census Bureau, 2013).
Further data shows that in Woman’s lifetime, she will earn 77% of what a man will earn. However, there are controllable factors, such as job position, race, job industry and other factors, which affect the Gender Pay Gap. For instance, the US Department of Labor found that when such factors were considered, the gap could be brought from 23% to 4.8% and even to 7.1%. Although the gender pay gap affects all women across genders, it is worse in women of the African American and Hispanic groups. For instance, the Hispanic women earn only 53% of what their male counterparts as compares to the Asian American women who earn 87%. The factors that have been attributes to the gender pay gap range from education, occupation, hours worked, and direct and indirect discrimination in the labor market (Victoria, 2006).

Figure: Chart Showing the Changing Gender Pay Gap in U.S, 1980-2013 (US Census Bureau, 2013)
After graduation, women earn less by their male counterpart after 1 year of working. For instance, in business majors, women are paid USD38, 000 while men earn over USD$45,000. In the engineering sector, mean earn USD$55,142 as compared to women at USD$ 48, 493, which is represents a ratio 0.88. The computer and information sciences sector has the highest gap at 0.77%, where men earned USD $39,618 and women at USD$51,296 (AAUW, 2013)
For the Biological and physical sciences, education and humanities, there was insignificant gender pay difference. This can be represented in the graph below:

Figure: Graph Showing Gender Pay Gap, one...

Find Another Essay On Gender Gap In Pay

Gender pay gap in professional New Zealand rugby - HVHS, 13b - Physical education

3332 words - 14 pages at the same time at the same venue. Rugby New Zealand know that the women’s team can generate money into the New Zealand economy aswel as then men can but haven’t had the exposure to do so yet. This new tournament which is to be held in Hamilton could be the way forward for a fair gender ratio of games played. [footnoteRef:16] Fans care about the game of rugby and the pay that they see their inspirations getting paid. If you were a young boy and

Gender Gap in Cyberspace Essay

2138 words - 9 pages Gender Gap in Cyberspace Cyberspace as a frontier is open to all comers, but currently the majority of explorers and accomplished users appear to be mostly white males. Deborah Tannen, in her article "Gender Gap in Cyberspace," discusses some of her experiences and conclusions regarding this difference in usage of computers by males and females.(The full name of the author and of the article need to appear in the first couple of sentences

The Gender Gap in Society

777 words - 3 pages The Gender Gap in Society When a girl falls down, her parents immediately give their hands. However, when a boy does, his parents expect he rises for himself without their help unless he is very little and weak. Despite most parents' saying that they do not want their children to behave and think in stereotypical ways, they treat their children differently based on the child's gender. Since initial gender roles are assumed during

Gender Gap in College attendance

530 words - 2 pages This gap seems to be opposite of the technological gender gap. In the educational gender gap, women are the dominant figure and men have shortcomings. Today, more women are going to college and being successful, and the percent of men attending college is decreasing. However, women represent a large majority of students attending colleges with higher acceptance rates, lower faculty to student ratios, lower standardized test scores, and lower

Gender Gap in the Work Force

663 words - 3 pages paying job. It was essential that women joined the work force in order to close the gender gap that existed in jobs. Currently, “we have nearly achieved equality in the proportion of women and men in the paid labor force” (Aulette and Wittner, 177). Women’s Work by Linda Greenhouse brings focus to gender discrimination found in the Supreme Court. This article is not as persuasive as the information found in our textbook. Gendered Lives; Who Is in

The Gender-Based Wage Gap in Real Estate

788 words - 4 pages Cited Braunstein, Elissa. "Explaining Gender Differences in Pay." [PowerPoint Slides] 17 Oct. 2013. Lecture. Highlights of Women's Earnings in 2012. Rep. no. 1045. U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Oct. 2013. Web. 1 Dec. 2013. Rowley, Laura. "Reentering the Job Market." AOL Money & Finance, 5 Sept. 2011. Web. 01 Dec. 2013. Waldron, Travis. "The 10 Jobs With The Biggest Gender Wage Gap." ThinkProgress. N.p., 9 Apr. 2013. Web. 29 Nov. 2013.

Gender Discrimination Continues to Reflect in Wage Gap

1111 words - 5 pages , president John F. Kennedy signed the Equal Pay Act, which aimed to stop sex discrimination in the workplace, which was supposed to close the wage gap. Although it was signed those many years ago, wage gaps are still a huge problem for women today. The “States Against Discrimination” Map (1) in the Penguin Atlas, even says that out of all of the countries in the world, the only one who has signed the treaty to stop discrimination (the Convention of the

Output and Gender Discrimination in Pay: Evidence from Manufacturing Industry of the Kyrgyz Republic

4372 words - 17 pages statistical significance and anticipated outcome. As stated in economic theory and proved in the majority of the literature discussed, evidence from manufacturing industry of the Kyrgyz Republic (years 1999-2007) demonstrated a negative relationship between gender pay gap and output, when control for gender gap in employment. With existing data and econometric knowledge, results of the regression indicate that a 1% decrease in gender wage gap leads

Does the gender gap in political attitudes and behavior vary across racial groups?

1496 words - 6 pages Past research on the gender gap in political attitudes and behavior has paid very little attention to the experiences of nonwhites. Does the gender gap in the extent and direction of voting participation and political orientation vary across racial groups? Specifically, how significant is the role of gender among Asian Americans when compared to that in other racial groups? According to recent census surveys, Asian American women have attained

Sex, Math and Science: Exploring the Gender Gap in Math and Science

1290 words - 5 pages large amount of females earning degrees and doctorates in math-related fields, they are not entering the science and math workforce at the same rate (786). Why then does a gender gap exist in math-related careers? There is a general consensus that a gender disparity exists within math-related fields, however, there are several arguments which seek to explain this phenomenon. Harvard University’s Elizabeth Spelke does not agree with the general

The Gender Gap in “A Jury of Her Peers”

1128 words - 5 pages Susan Glaspell lays out a unique set of circumstances involving a farmer’s murder in “A Jury of Her Peers.” She weaves the trifles of women with superiority of men at the time. Taking a closer look at the perceptions of the men and women, the disparities between their assertions in the investigation, the physical evidence the women produce, and the lack of motive the men provide, it appears Minnie Foster Wright warrants compassion in her case

Similar Essays

Gender Gap In Pay Essay

750 words - 3 pages Phenomena      Since the Equal Pay Act was signed in 1963, the earnings gap has been narrowing at a very slow rate. In 1960, women who worked full-time, year-round earned $16,144 while men earned $26,608. Therefore, women only made 60 cents on average for every dollar earned by men. This average persisted for the next twenty years with virtually no change in percentage of men’s income earned by women. In fact, the gap

Gap In Pay Due To Gender

1341 words - 5 pages The current gender pay gap has remained one of the consistent areas of inequality between women and men. The above peer review articles are collectively in agreement that men are consistently paid more for labor than women. These articles report various estimates on the extent of gender pay gap, ranging between 15-25% favoring men, advising that when women go into potentially high earning careers, many are paid far less than the male counterpart

Gender Pay Gap Essay

2229 words - 9 pages Both the United States and European Union are very progressive and dominant economic and political bodies. Both the United States and European Union are leaders in global affairs, and set a standard for many countries to follow. Both the United States and European Union have strived to fight the gender pay gap. However, both the United States and European Union have yet to completely close their gender pay gap. The benefits gained by closing

Gender Pay Gap For Women Athletes

1703 words - 7 pages NASCAR Nationwide Series. With all the success and financial gains women have reached in sports, Women are still underpaid when compared to male athletes. Lopiano complains that there’s too much of a salaries gap between man and women playing the same sports. “The right to play has been established. However, the issue that has been confronted is the barrier to being treated equally when it comes to money” (Lopiano 1). Most people will say women’s