Social stratification is the concept that every human society divides its members into large groups according to their relative power, property, and prestige. There are three main forms of social stratification which include slavery, caste systems, and social class systems.
Ascribed status begins as a social class system. Ascribed status is inherited. A person is assigned to a certain status at birth. Some examples of this include race, sex, gender, family origins, and economic status. Ascribed status ties in with the concept of biological determinism because this is human thoughts and actions that are inherited. Achieved status is a social position that is assigned to an individual without any regard to their personal characteristics. Achieved status is earned and involves skills such as ability and intelligence. Both of these statuses are the foundations to the gender ideology.
A caste system is social structure that separates people into different positions based off of their inherited, ascribed status. Once a caste system is in place, they are virtually impossible to get rid of simply because dominance always over rules sub ordinance. Class systems on the other hand, are groups of people in a society that are similar based off of finances, interests, occupations, and values. A class system is also defined at birth. The major difference between a caste system and class system is that an individual in a class system has the opportunity to change his or her class by either moving up or down the social ladder but those of a caste system do not. The gender caste system has been around for all of time. Men have always been considered above women. In the late 1900’s this ideology rang supreme around the World. Females were next to nothing in this society.
The gender caste system has been socially constructed from the beginning of time.
It is believed that all males act a certain way and that all females act a certain way based on the physically distinctions that a society deems important. Males are said to be strong, competitive, and logical. Women are said to be emotional, weak, caring, nurturing, and vulnerable. The women of this time period were living in a patriarchal society. A patriarchal society is male dominated, male-centered, male- identified, and focused entirely on what they do. It involves the oppression of women and puts males in positions of authority involving politics, economics, and religious endeavors. (Patriarchal)
There have been patriarchal constructs of males having dominance over women since the Bible was written. In 1 Corinthians verses 11: 7-9 it states, “A man ought not to cover his head, since he is the image and glory of God; but woman is the glory of man. For man did not come from woman, but woman from man; neither was man created for woman, but woman for man.” In other words, a man should have no shame since God created him, since what God creates is perfect so therefore he is perfect....