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Gender Inequality In Egypt Essay

985 words - 4 pages

Many people define gender as sex. Gender is defined as the social expression of the basic psychological differences between men and women. It is the social behavior which is deemed to be appropriate to ‘masculine’ of ‘feminine’ roles and which is learned through primary or secondary socialization. Thus there is a big difference between sex and gender. Sex refers to the biological features, male or female, while gender is socially determined. Gender is simply the preconceived assumptions about the roles, attitudes and characteristics that men and women are expected to behave with in the society. These roles are socially determined. The main aspect that governs these roles is the society or culture. Moreover, gender roles are assigned to men and women in each society based on their sexual differences. All these differences are mainly created by the societies, which in other word is called, gender inequality. Gender inequality or gender stratification is the unequal treatment between individuals according to their gender. This paper will particularly discuss the problem of gender inequality in Egypt.
First of all, I would like to focus my discussion about how women suffer daily from being harassed in Egypt. Because Egypt is a male dominated society: no one can deny that women are not privileged because they are not able to live freely and safely. I always feel that I should be accompanied with a man while walking down the streets in order to feel secured and to be sure that nothing bad is going to happen to me. Street harassment became a wide spread phenomena, which in my opinion can be called crisis. Women are fearful all over the world from being harassed by strangers. According to a personal experience, people harass me literally everyday at the morning when i'm standing with my mates in the street waiting for the university bus, although I always dress modestly. According to the article “VIEWPOINT: Gender Inequality Still Distant Dream for Egypt Women”, in the Middle East Voices, a social journalism project, by Ranya Khalifa, an Egyptian blogger, social activist, and poet, “When women are fearful of walking in Egypt’s streets because of increasing rates of sexual harassment, physical assault and rape, then we have a very serious social and behavioral problem.” The situation became really awful for women in Egypt. Women should have their rights fully without any interference from anyone. We must be able to walk down the streets safely and freely because simply this is their right as humans, unlike men who are living freely without any interference from anyone. People have justified that inhumane phenomenon by irrelevant reasons such as, women's clothes, makeup, or even voice tone. For example, Muslims brotherhood in Egypt always accuse women of wearing revealing clothes that is improper. Okay, i totally agree that this shouldn't happen in an Islamic country, but how can they justify...

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