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Gender Inequality In Workplace. Essay

3450 words - 14 pages

The issue of gender inequality has been in the eyes of the public and been in awareness of society for decades. The problem of inequality in employment is one of the most vital issues in today's society. In order to understand this situation one must try to get to the root of the problem and must understand the factors that cause the female sex to have a much more difficult time in getting the same benefits, wages, and job opportunities as the male sex. The society in which we live has been shaped historically by men."A woman's primary attachment is to the family role; women are therefore less intrinsically committed to work than men and less likely to maintain a high level of specialized knowledge" (Oakley,1974; 28)President Clinton proclaimed April 11, 1996, as the "National Pay Inequality Awareness Day. In the year 1972, the Equal Employment Opportunity Act was established; the goal of the government was to change and eliminate the discrimination in the workplace . The major aim of these two acts is to protect individual rights and promotes employment opportunities and fairness for everyone within the workplace. We accept that the government is aware of the inequality between men and women in work place, and they are trying every way they can to prevent and discontinue the inequality; so the question is what are the reasons why women are still being treated unfairly at work?Work plays an important role in helping individuals find their true identity as well as helping one builds their self-esteem. However, in the past women were not encouraged to work "real jobs", instead they often stayed at home and are often labeled as house wives. The truth is women do work, they always have worked, but the work that they do are often unpaid labor work. Before men assumed that women didn't really want to work; they didn't need the money; and that they have different interest. (Kimmel) So it was assumes that women either couldn't do a job, or, if they could, they would neither want to nor need to do it. Now in the twenty-first century things have changed dramatically, more women are educated, and more determine to search for their identity and in order for them to do that, they seek out for work. Women participation in the labor force has grown such an extend that society can no longer ignore and view women as unimportant. "The role of women in the workplace has been expanding steadily in recent years in most countries. For example, in the United States, the labor force participation rate for women (i.e., the propotion of all adult women who were employed or seeking employment) increased from 43 percent in 1870 to 60 percent in 1998" (Powell, ix) "In the last decade women have accounted for three-fifths of the increase in the civilian labor force, and they now constitute approximately two-fifths of all employed persons." (Stromberg and Harkness, 1978; 13) Women face many obstacles when seeking out for jobs, and even more obstacles when they are working with...

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