This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Gene Therapy And Genetic Engineering: Should It Be Approved In The Us?

3126 words - 13 pages

"Fifteen advanced-stage Parkinson's patients (three from the UK and 12 from France) were followed up a year after being injected with low, mid and high doses of a modified virus containing genes required for brain cells to produce dopamine, as part of the phase I/II study. A lack of dopamine causes patients with Parkinson's to experience tremors and difficulty in coordinating their movement.” The researchers observed that after receiving the treatment the patients' scores on movement tests improved on average by 30 percent.(Gene Therapy Special News Items, 1.)” Genetic engineering, and its form dealing with humans, gene therapy, is a process in which genes are replaced or "tweaked" to acquire a certain trait or cure an illness or disease. This can be performed in the fetal stage through adulthood. While genetic engineering and gene therapy can help prevent disease and create the "ideal human," these scientific advancements may also affect the worth of future generations as well as continuing to divide social classes.
What is it
It is unknown to the common human what genetic engineering and gene therapy are, as these are widely known subjects spoken upon with everyday people. In the early stages of man, fire, weapons, and electricity were discovered, though today modern technology is trying to adapt humans to their environment instead of inventing tools to make everyday tasks simpler. “Genetic engineering is the process of manually adding new DNA to an organism (What is genetic engineering and how does it work?).” In other words, genetic engineering can be described as adding a desirable trait from one organism with the trait to another in a completely separate species without the trait. The desired gene is taken from an organism with that gene, and put into the genetic material of another organism without it. “When gene transfer occurs, the resulting organism is called a Tran genetic or a GMO(genetically modified organism, 1).” An organism that has been treated with gene therapy is commonly referred to as a GMO (Genetically Modified Organism) which describes an organism that is not “natural” due to it’s “tweaked” gene or genes. "Experimental technique that uses genes to treat or prevent disease. In the future, this technique may allow doctors to treat a disorder by inserting a gene into a patient's cell instead of using drugs or surgery." The future of Genetic Engineering is predicted to save many lives if deemed safe and effective. However, consequences must be kept in mind if therapy fails, the body has an unpredicted reaction, or if there are side effects that are non-reversible. The social and economic gap would greatly increase resulting in the emergence of “genetic castes”. A caste can be described as “any rigid system of social distinctions.(Caste)”. Physical features as well as abilities would make it easy to distinguish which class a person belongs to. Children would be treated like objects while their parents pick and...

Find Another Essay On Gene Therapy and Genetic Engineering: Should It Be Approved in the US?

Germline Engineering: The Ultimate Gene Therapy

684 words - 3 pages Germline Engineering: The Ultimate Gene Therapy PAGE 4 Germline Engineering:The Ultimate Gene TherapyRebecca GuanVictoria Park Collegiate InstituteGermline gene therapy has tapped into the very core of what it means to be human with the ability to govern the very genetic makeup of our offspring; a feat that was only dreamed of 100 years ago. By introducing genetic modifications to the fertilized egg, changes are applied to all subsequent cells

Gene-therapy: How will it Change the Future of Genetic Disorders

2179 words - 9 pages completion of the human genome was on all the major news wires, televisions and newspapers. What does it mean though? How will this help mankind? One area to which this knowledge can be applied is in the area of gene-therapy. Gene-therapy is now being tested to treat and cure some common genetic disorders. Like all new research, gene-therapy is the center of much controversy. A discussion of genetic disorders and current prevention methods is

The FDA Should Prohibit Genetic Engineering

2469 words - 10 pages system to which we should not have access.  Because scientists cross these "natural species boundaries" by genetic alteration, because the newly formed organisms "would never occur in nature," and because we lack sufficient testing or knowledge of repercussions, the process of genetic engineering is unethical and should be ceased.   It all began in the early 1970's, when microscopic bacteria were genetically manipulated to consume oil

Should Doctors Practice Genetic Engineering?

898 words - 4 pages engineering should not be practiced do to their belief of it being unethical and immoral. Although it is seen to be immoral and unethical to some, it would lead to unimaginable opportunities to people that cannot find a cure to heal themselves or others. That is why doctors should practice genetic engineering to minimize health risks through the practices of cloning, regeneration, and creating new organs and limbs. (“Genetic Engineering” Current

Genetic Engineering: Humans Should Not Play God

3484 words - 14 pages genetic coding and insert the genes that will go into the cell.  The virus is now a carrier, or vector, for the genes and the genes can now be easily inserted into the cells of the patient (Jaroff 68).    Gene therapy will eventually be available for diseases that are not inherited because it can program cells with completely new functions.  "You can easily get the genes in, change the cell's properties and do other things that ought to

Should Canada be allowed to ciontinue with genetic engineering without federal giudelines?

1262 words - 5 pages In the past ten years there has been a rise in a relatively new science, a science that raises alot of controversial questions with very few answers. This science is called Genetic Engineering. In it's simplest terms it is the reordering of a genetic DNA sequence. It is a very controversial science because it leads into moral and ethical issues, as to what can be done with it and what cannot.Canada is one of the few countries without nationwide

Genetic Engineering and the Politics Behind It

2044 words - 9 pages many genetic engineering experiments and applications of that technique. For example, stem cell research and cloning are two of the latest controversies in question. Some say it is unethical and is against natural rights, while others have no objection at all. There are many bioethical views, and along with that comes many complications. Bioethics is a controversial industry that gives permission for what experiments can be done and what cannot be

Genetic engineering can be beneficial in the modern world

2204 words - 9 pages cyanobacteria became a hot topic in the field of genetic engineering. Theses GMO bacteria are engineered to produce biofuels that would become an alternative source of fuel for automobiles in the future. Genetically engineered products such as the GM crops and GMOs are all promising solutions to the demands of the people in the present day and the future to come. Gene therapy provide potential cure to many incurable diseases and possible

Genetic Engineering and the Media

1754 words - 7 pages Genetic engineering and its related fields have stimulated an extremely controversial scientific debate about cloning for the last decade.  With such a wide range of public opinions, it is hard to find any middle ground.  Some feel that improving the genes of future children will help mankind make a major evolutionary step forward.  Others agree that there could be dangerous unforeseen consequences in our genetic futures if we proceed with

Genetic Engineering and the Public

1035 words - 4 pages , are considered a sound treatment, and utilized globally. (See Patents) Genetic engineering in food and agriculture. For many people genetic engineering brings about the debate of using the technology for food and agriculture. Some people support and want genetic engineering for food and agriculture. Their argument is that it can be used to reduce farmworkers exposures to pesticides and for increasing agricultural yields. People may also want

The Pros and Cons of Gene Therapy

2200 words - 9 pages , with current research of gene therapy underway on how it can be used in the treatment of cancer, genetically caused blindness, and sickle cell disease. ( What are the concepts and processes involved in Gene Therapy? The general process by which scientists correct these genes are by that the absent or faulty gene is replaced by a working gene, so the body can make the correct enzyme or

Similar Essays

Genetic Engineering: The History Of Gene Therapy

892 words - 4 pages gets the transfer. The other type is what scares people; modifications that are passed on to descendants. As long as the modifications that are passed on are purposeful and in good reason, such as curing disease, then genetic modification should not be scary at all. In closing, though the science of gene therapy has only been around for just more than a decade much progress has been made. Through this research, helpful information about

Genetic Engineering: Power Of Gene Therapy

807 words - 3 pages protein, but only in minute quantities. Although this method has not yet been perfected, there is a good chance that it will soon be a widely used and effective treatment that will save the lives of many CF patients. Gene therapy has also been found efficient in treating those with Severe Combined Immune Deficiency (SCID). SCID is a genetic disorder that afflicts one in every one hundred thousand babies. Several genes are at fault in this

Gene Therapy And Genetic Disorders Essay

1397 words - 6 pages difference between defect and simple genetic traits that might be considered “imperfect” by one person and “perfect” by another? Should genetic enhancement be an option for genetic gene therapy? Is this placing too much power in the hands of human beings when it is not the place of a human being to decide? As with any medical procedure, there is a risk to the individual. When both types of genetic therapy is administered, it is very important

Should Genetic Engineering Be Banned? Essay

1611 words - 6 pages should work in an open society, in full consultation with politicians and consumer/environmental groups?BibliographyPublished sources:Howard, T., and Rifkin, J., Who should play God? : The artificial creation of life and what it means for the future of the human race ( New York, Delacorte Press, 1977)Karp, L.E., Genetic engineering, threat or promise? (Chicago, Nelson-Hall, 1976).Lipkin, M., and Rowley, P.T., Eds., Genetic responsibility: on choosing