Genealogy And Characterization Essay

1368 words - 5 pages

In the novels One Hundred Years of Solitude and The House of the Spirits we see how both Allende and Garcia Marquez uses genealogy to develop Esteban Trueba and Jose Arcadio Buendia . The authors both use the genealogy of the characters to influence the characters in a different way. In the One Hundred Years of Solitude Garcia Marquez used Jose Arcadio Buendia’s genealogy to influence his development as a character. The same can be said with How Allende uses Trueba’s genealogy to greatly affect his development in The House of the Spirits. In the novel One Hundred Years of Solitude it can be seen that the genealogy of the Buendia’s had a great affect on their current lifestyles. Ursula’s great-great grandmother was still having nightmares of Sir Frances Drakes attack, and this is the start of the Buendia-Iguaran genealogy. It was her nightmares that led to the family to moving into Macondo, a place isolated and “showed on no map” (Garcia Marquez 13). This is also the start of their isolationist way of life. The Buendia’s past has also affected how Ursula lived because of their isolationist lifestyle she was afraid of having a child with a deformation that she “wore a system of leather straps and was closed in the front by a thick iron buckle,” (Garcia Marquez 21) and never consummated her wedding with her husband which resulted in his ridicule. The chastity pants that Ursula wears also symbolizes the isolation that the Buendia put themselves in. Garcia Marquez uses the Buendia’s genealogy to stem the family’s isolationist lifestyle. This will also have a great impact in the upbringing of Jose Arcadio Buendia as it will be the foundation to his personality and character. The years of solitude that the Buendia spent due to the decisions of their ancestors greatly influences the life of Jose Arcadio Buendia. Due to Macondo being such an isolated place that the simple things in modern society was like ice was a “mystery and a prodigious experiment” (Garcia Marquez 17) to them. The discovery of these items from the gypsies then stems Jose Arcadio Buendia’s thirst for more knowledge leading him to isolation. It is seen how Garcia Marquez uses Jose Arcadio Buendia’s ancestors affect his lifestyle now. Garcia Marquez then uses this to further Jose Arcadio Buendia’s isolation, and contributes to his distant feeling towards his family. The Buendia keep the tradition of keeping themselves in isolation, and it can be seen in the way that the younger generation behaves and by the professions that they have taken. Garcia Marquez introduces Rebeca into the novel showing that even if she was not of Buendia blood she fit in perfectly with their lifestyles. As she gets more familiar with the Buendia family the more she shows her true character. Aureliano is a silversmith, and ends up spending days in “the dusted up small laboratory” (Garcia Marquez 25) in isolation from the outside world. The isolation created by the founders of the Buendia-Iguaran genealogy has...

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