There are two main character in this chapter God and Abram. I believe that the setting of this chapter is in the Promise Land. I believe this because he says that this is the land that the Israelites will get when they are released from bondage. From what I know there is the Promise Land that they receive after several hundred years of waiting. Most of this chapter is about God's covenant with Abram and how it is going to be fulfilled and how it has started to get to the point of fulfillment. Here, God test; the faith of Abram and asks his to perform a sacrifice.
Verse 1 begins with "After these things..." This shows that some time has passed since the last chapter. "These things" could mean what has happened in the previous chapter. Some of the things that happened are Abrams blind faith in God. Even when all else failed he believed in God that he would make things the best and all things are possible because of him. Another is God promised Abram certain things and we see though out the book of Genesis and Exodus that they start to get fulfilled even if it not in his life time they get put into place just like God said they would. The phrase "The word of the Lord came," is common in the prophets. This shows here that Abram has special status with the Lord. Abram gets the word for the Lord in a vision, which also shows his prophetic. It says, "I am your shield" this means that the Lord is going to protect him; that the Lord is Abram's King. You also see this in Psalms 5:12 .".. You surround them with favor as with a shield" this is saying that when you have God with you he is going to protect you with his powers that you don't have to worry about the small things because God is always on your side if you just reach out to him. You can see this (the Lord being peoples shields) in other places such as 2 Samuel where David says that the Lord is his rock his shield; meaning God is his savior and his King.
I verse 2-3, Abram asks the Lord what he (the Lord) wants from him since he does not have any children. He mentions a man by the name of Eliezer of Damascus. This is the person he says that will inherit his estate if he shall die. Who is this guy? Where did he come from I mean how is he involved with Abram? From what I read in the notes of my bible (NIV) they say that this man could be the servant of Abram. The servants of the owners can be the people that inherit the land of their owners if the owner was to die. During my reading I never found out where he was from but I seen that he was also kind of mentioned in Exodus 4:20.
In verse 4-5 the Lord tells Abram that he will have children to take over the land that he has. God has not given Abram everything that he has promised right on the spot he wants to make sure that Abram has faith in him but he will fulfill his promises just as he said. God tells Abram to count all the stars in the sky there are millions of them when he looks up. I believe is saying...