This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Genetic Counselling Essay

1210 words - 5 pages

Genetic counselling is a complex process and does not seem to have a single definition. From a purely biological standpoint, genetic counselling is, “diagnosing and classifying a genetic disease; to identify unaffected carriers of a defective gene in order to counsel them about the risk of having affected children; to detect a serious genetic disease before the clinical onset of symptoms in order to improve the quality of life…” On the surface, the job of a genetic counsellor is practical, helpful, and seems to be serving a purpose to parents, or potential parents. Others choose to define it with a larger percentage of the social implications within the definition. For example, “… helping people try to understand and cope with the effects on their lives and the lives of their families.” It is important to not disregard the extensive social persuasion that a client may experience if they were to learn that their child, or potential child, may be genetically predisposed to disease. Though genetic counselors claim to be supportive of clients and uninvolved in the decisions that a client may make, there is little consideration of the social pressures involved with making certain decisions. Genetic counselling is proof that the concept of eugenics still exists in our current culture and it should be monitored closely to ensure that our standards do not become immoral.
Eugenics is the process of improving the human species by selectively breeding humans according to a standard. This standard seems to depend on the culture that is legislating this standard. For example, the Nazi government deemed the Aryan race, described as having blue eyes and blonde hair, as being the ideal specimen to pass on their genes. Between 1925 and 1940, the United States strictly prohibited the immigration of non-whites into the country to prohibit the proliferation of these “undesirable” races. The blueprint for the ideal human being is subjective and a cause for conflict. Though genetic counselling is not as forceful or blunt as either of the two examples given, it has a more subtle way of selecting for a certain type of individual. Socially, there are pressures and burdens to have a perfect child, which is partially why genetic counselling exists. Obtaining the knowledge that a fetus or a future child may have a mental disability has strong social implications and likely results in termination of the pregnancy or avoidance of a pregnancy. The social impact that the genetic counselor is putting onto the parents is preventing them from reproducing, which is, essentially, using social pressure to “sterilize” them. If these parents are too culturally inhibited to conceive a child, it is reducing the amount of disabled people in that culture, thereby selecting against this type of individual.
Using genetic counselling to determine whether to pursue conceiving a child or whether to abort a pregnancy is a process that can easily be taken “too far”, morally speaking. Once...

Find Another Essay On Genetic Counselling

Clinical Geneticists and Disease Essay

1493 words - 6 pages ). Working in this occupation usually involves pre-preparation and discussion of cases as well as contact with laboratories to see where rare genetic tests can be carried out (Medicalcareers.nhs.uk, 2014). For example a clinical geneticist may be requested to see a baby in the neonatal unit and have the opportunity to have a multidisciplinary meeting to discuss family counselling and investigation (Medicalcareers.nhs.uk, 2014). Clinical geneticist’s

The Human Genome Project (HGP) Essay

3246 words - 13 pages nucleic acids into the host cell. Namely, the adenovirus has an ability to integrate itself into the host cell and destroy the harmful genes. Then corrective genes; in the form of a modified adenovirus; are introduced back into the host cell. There are different types of Gene therapy. There is germ line gene therapy and somatic gene therapy which work in conjunction with genetic counselling (refer to the next section) Somatic Gene Therapy

Radical casework

1626 words - 7 pages adequate financial resources and behavioural issues with son Dylan.Whilst these reflections assist with providing immediate assistance to the family, it is also important to resolve the underlying issues contributing to Vanessa's SA, for example - biological, psychological, environmental and social.· Biological factors - studies of families, suggest that there is a strong genetic element that could increase one's vulnerability to SA (Teesson

"The Fortune Teller" by Kenneth S. Kosik, The Sciences, Jul/Aug 1999, pp.13-17

661 words - 3 pages Summary PaperThe Fortune Teller"Will the secrets of genetic destiny bring comfort or onlymore sorrow to a remote land ravaged by violence?"The Fortune Teller, Kenneth S. Kosik, The Sciences, Jul/Aug 1999, pp.13-17.Kenneth S. Kosik is a professor of neurology at Harvard Medical School and an attending physician at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, where he was a cofounder of the Memory Disorders Clinic. In October of 1992, he was introduced

Edward's Syndrome

1175 words - 5 pages a genetic disorder caused by the presence of extra 18th chromosome, only 5-10% of babies with syndrome survive beyond one year with severe disabilities. Parental concerns are mostly essential in Edwards’s syndrome. They need counselling regarding their family relationships. But the children and parents need more psychological support especially for mother, because mother is the sufferer of Edward syndrome babies. . But in some cases the parents

Huntington's Disease

3443 words - 14 pages Sylvia. She isn't sure. Ten years ago her mother was diagnosed with Huntington's Disease, a late-onset genetic disorder, and Sylvia was forced to watch her mother deteriorate to the point where she could no longer take care of herself. Sylvia and her brother had to put their mother in a home. Now Sylvia faces a lot of decisions and dilemmas. She has recently married. Now, she and her husband are trying to decide whether or not to have children

Fragile X

1704 words - 7 pages geneticist should be considered as other or concurrent conditions may need to be excluded. If the test is positive, the paediatrician may refer the family for genetic counselling. All relatives who are at risk and would like to know whether they are carriers, may be tested.Prenatal DiagnosisParents who have children with Fragile X syndrome may be concerned about the likelihood that future children may also be affected. Prenatal diagnosis is

Molecular Biology and Gene Technology Assignment

2133 words - 9 pages talks during this and future genetic counselling sessions is kept confidential, supportive and keeps you up to date with the technology and options available regarding genetics and cystic fibrosis.Parents: Yes, we agree. Please explain the genetics of Cystic FibrosisGene Therapist: Okay, First I will talk about DNA short for (Deoxyribonucleic acid). DNA is a set of instructions providing all of the information necessary for a living animal, plant

Identification and Characterization of Somatic Mutations Associated with Progression of Acute Myeloid Leukemia Having FLT3ITD

691 words - 3 pages lentivirus technology and drug efficacy assays, tissue processing techniques using Microwave and Immunohistochemistry techniques using Monoclonal Antibodies to demonstrate receptors, Proliferation markers and Intermediate filaments within cells, basic cytogenetic and molecular cytogenetic [FISH] techniques, medical genetics and genetic counselling, in particular for Edward’s Syndrome, recombinant DNA Technology, plant tissue culture, protein related

Huntington's Disease

1274 words - 5 pages Huntington's Disease Huntington's Disease is a genetic autosomal disorder which effects the brain. It affects about 1 in 20,000 individuals. The symptoms of the disease do not start to occur until after or around 40 years of age. With the onset of the disease the patient starts to gradually deteriorate intellectually, this deterioration also causes involuntary movements. Scientists have only recently found the section of the gene which

A paper on reyes syndrome done for my health class

1403 words - 6 pages . Inherited metabolic disorders can present with a "Reye-like" illness especially in children under 4 years. It is essential to diagnose them because of implications for genetic counselling, specific treatment and investigation of other children in the family. Medicines can mask symptoms. Therefore, if a child develops any of the symptoms of Reye's syndrome, the child should not be given anti-nausea or fever-reducing medicine. Do not

Similar Essays

Genetic Counseling Essay

1287 words - 5 pages -counselling-a-guide-for-gpsRobert Gillespie. (2012). APA Formatting and Style Guide. Retrieved on December 4th, 2013 from http://www.utm.utoronto.ca/~w3asc/Handouts/APA%20Referencing%20System.pdfRobert A. Hegele. (2011). Genetics Society of Canada. Retrieved on December 3rd, 2013 from http://www.robarts.ca/hegele/gscaward4.htmThe R. Harold Burton Foundation. (2013). Genetic Counselors. Retrieved on December 2nd, 2013 from http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/disorders/whataregd/counselors/University of Manitoba. (2013). Faculty of Science - Genetics. Retrieved on December 2nd, 2013 from http://umanitoba.ca/student/admissions/programs/genetics.html

Genetic Counseling Essay

1287 words - 5 pages -counselling-a-guide-for-gpsRobert Gillespie. (2012). APA Formatting and Style Guide. Retrieved on December 4th, 2013 from http://www.utm.utoronto.ca/~w3asc/Handouts/APA%20Referencing%20System.pdfRobert A. Hegele. (2011). Genetics Society of Canada. Retrieved on December 3rd, 2013 from http://www.robarts.ca/hegele/gscaward4.htmThe R. Harold Burton Foundation. (2013). Genetic Counselors. Retrieved on December 2nd, 2013 from http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/disorders/whataregd/counselors/University of Manitoba. (2013). Faculty of Science - Genetics. Retrieved on December 2nd, 2013 from http://umanitoba.ca/student/admissions/programs/genetics.html

Clinical Geneticist Essay

1031 words - 5 pages ). Working in this occupation usually involves pre-preparation and discussion of cases as well as contact with laboratories to see where rare genetic tests can be carried out (Medicalcareers.nhs.uk, 2014). For example a genetic counsellor may be requested to see a baby on the neonatal unit and have the opportunity to have a multidisciplinary meeting to discuss family counselling and investigation (Medicalcareers.nhs.uk, 2014). Clinical geneticist

Genetic Information Vs Privacy Essay

843 words - 3 pages . A person’s genetic information should be private and counselling should be done to elucidate the basis for and consequences of the test in question. Individuals should be allowed to choose when and which tests are done and with whom the results are to be shared with (Easthope 2005). If proper regulation on the availability of gene information is not taken, this might arise to misuse of this information. The screening might lead to the creation